# How to assign a constant value in a recursion relation

I use the code

fv = RecurrenceTable[{a[i] ==
1/(i (i + 1)) (1/Sqrt[w] a[i - 1] + (2 i - 1 - e[i]) a[i - 2]),
a == 1/6 (1/(2*w)+3 - e[i]), a == 1/(2 Sqrt[w])}, a, {i, 3, 10}];


to evaluate the three-step recursion relation where

e[i_]:=e[i]=2i+1


after that I need to obtain the roots of fv, so I use

sol2 = N[Solve[fv[] == 0, w]]


my main problem is that e must be calculated using max i, namely the code must calculate the value of e first, then must use i to calculate recursion relation, For example for i=3 , e becomes 7, then a must be calculated that includes e and a and a1, where a must be calculated using e again not e, maybe some sort of a loop needed. I really don't know how to address this problem. Any idea?

The correct results for what I intend are:
i=3, w=0.05;
i=4, w=0.0182 and w=0.1900;
and so on.

You can see the original paper which has introduced the above formula and the results here. I have marked important formula. The results have been shown in the table.

• I'm not entirely sure I understand the question - are you asking how to change your code such that a[i] is computed using e[i] everywhere, even for a[i-1] etc.? – Lukas Lang Oct 13 '19 at 17:28
• @LukasLang yes, I explained it in my example. – Wisdom Oct 13 '19 at 18:16
• @bbgodfrey sorry it was a mistyping, I corrected it – Wisdom Oct 13 '19 at 19:02
• Thanks a lot for your answer. Sorry I forgot to type a 3 in a formula. I corrected it, however just first case (i=3) gives correct answer but other results are wrong, I checked my formula but there was no mistake. Do you think two different roots for i>3 cause the mistake? – Wisdom Oct 13 '19 at 20:12
• @Wisdom How did you obtain the values of w in the question for i = 4? Please show the equation you solved. – bbgodfrey Oct 13 '19 at 22:00

Here is an example that doesn't use RecurrenceTable but rather simply defines recursive functions for this (note the addition of a second argument to a):

e[i_] := 2i+1
a[i_] := a[i, e[i]];

a[i_, e_] := 1/(i (i + 1)) (1/Sqrt[w] a[i - 1, e] + (2 i - 1 - e) a[i - 2, e]);
a[2, e_] := 1/6 (1/(2*w) + 3 - e);
a[1, e_] := 1/(2 Sqrt[w])


To create a similar list as you would get from RecurrenceTable:

fv = Table[a[i], {i, 3, 10}]

• your code does't work and yields a e, e and so on. – Wisdom Oct 14 '19 at 12:22
• @Wisdom edited to include your definition of e as well (without the memoisation) – Gerli Oct 14 '19 at 12:23
• Ohhhh Thank you soooo much, it returned my desire results exactly. – Wisdom Oct 14 '19 at 12:30

With the clarification provided by the reference now given in the question, the desired solution is easily obtained.

a := 1/(2 Sqrt[w]);
a := 1/6 (1/(2 w) + 3 - e);
a[i_] := 1/(i (i + 1)) (1/Sqrt[w] a[i - 1] + (2 i - 1 - e) a[i - 2]);
Flatten[Table[NSolve[(a[i] /. e -> 2 i + 1) == 0, w], {i, 3, 10}], {{3}, {1}}][] // Values

(* {{0.05},
{0.190065, 0.0182686},
{0.0404842, 0.0086731},
{0.156634, 0.015429, 0.00478921},
{0.0344873, 0.00753932, 0.00292085},
{0.134788, 0.0134812, 0.00424987, 0.00191167},
{0.0302949, 0.00671401, 0.0026321, 0.00131905},
{0.119177, 0.012046, 0.00383985, 0.0017433, 0.000948279}} *)


The reciprocals of these values are precisely those given in the reference. Note that Flatten[. . ., {{3}, {1}}][] merely eliminates unnecessary pairs of curly brackets.