# How to add an additional legend that shows the dashing one is using?

I am trying to plot two different functions into a single plot. Each function depends on R and r. I plot against r for different R's. So I end up with two different functions for all the different values of R. I use SwatchLegend to plot the legends of the different values of R. However, I also want to plot another legend that shows which dashing I am using for each function. Such that the final plot clearly shows which values I am using of R and that it is clear which dashing is of each function. My synthesized code is: First, I define the functions that I am using as

CYLINDER1[R_, r_] :=
E^(-((2.789371726903078 BesselK[0, 0.010765343149384599 r])/
BesselK[1, 0.010765343149384599 (2.125 + R)]));
SPHERE1[R_, r_] :=
E^(-((3.002854381130314*^8 E^(
0.010765343149384599 (2.125 - r + R)) (2.125 + R))/(
r (1.0765343149384598*^8 + 10000000000/(2.125 + R)))));


Afterwards, I defined the values of R that I will vary, as well as the command that I will use to call the legends and placed them where I want. I also define some constants to create the dashing of my wish. And finally , I create a function to plot both functions.

RAD = {5, 15, 30, 80} ;
Placed[SwatchLegend[{"5 \[Angstrom]", "15 \[Angstrom]",
"30 \[Angstrom]", "80 \[Angstrom]"},
LabelStyle -> {FontSize -> 13}], {X, Y}];
l1 = 0.025;
l2 = 0.015;
d = 0.001;
s1 = l1/2;
s2 = l2/2;
C1g[X_, Y_, legX_, legY_] :=
Plot[Evaluate@Table[ArcSinh[CYLINDER1[R, r]], {R, RAD}], {r, 0, X},
PlotRange -> {-0.05 Y, Y}, PlotLegends -> legrad[legX, legY],
PlotStyle -> Dashing[{l1, s1, l1, s1, d, s1}]];
S1g[X_, Y_] :=
Plot[Evaluate@Table[ArcSinh[SPHERE1[R, r]], {R, RAD}], {r, 0, X},
PlotRange -> {-0.05 Y, Y},
PlotStyle -> Dashing[{l2, s2, l2, s2, d, s2}]];


Finally I merge them with

CS1g[X_, Y_, legX_, legY_] :=
Show[C1g[X, Y, legX, legY], S1g[X, Y], Frame -> True];


How and where do I add another legend to show the dashing and the functions (something like "--.-- Cylinder", "..-..- Sphere") Furthermore, since I am already asking, if I were to change the values of RAD={}. What can I do so I won't need to rewrite my labels?

Thanks in advance for the help.

You can use a LineLegend (with Dashing specs in the first argument) in one of the plots. Show combines legends from input plots intelligently.

Using a simpler example:

RAD = Range;
plot1 = Plot[Evaluate[Table[Sin[a x], {a, RAD}]], {x, 0, 2 Pi},
PlotStyle -> Dashing[Tiny],

plot2 = Plot[Evaluate[Table[Cos[a x], {a, RAD}]], {x, 0, 2 Pi},
PlotStyle -> Dashing[Medium],
PlotLegends ->  LineLegend[{Dashing[Tiny], Dashing[Medium]}, {"Sin", "Cos"},
LegendLabel -> "Function"]];

Show[plot1, plot2] You can also specify different positions for the two legends. For example, if we use

 PlotLegends -> Placed[SwatchLegend[RAD, LegendLabel -> "RAD",
LegendLayout -> "Row"], Top]


in plot1, Show[plot1, plot2] gives Update: An alternative approach is to use a single hybrid legend with swatch and line elements, use it as the option setting for PlotLegends in one of the plots:

hybridlegend =  SwatchLegend[{## & @@ (ColorData /@ Range),
Dashing[Tiny], Dashing[Medium]}, Note: In version 9, you can use SwatchLegend[{Automatic, Automatic, Automatic, Dashing[Tiny], Dashing[Medium]}, ...] inside Plot and it picks the right colors for the swatch markers.