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I have studied the relational contents through the webpage Placing x-axes label below rather than at end of axes, but not found: (1)How to put annotation on the left of y axis and display the graphic properly without using FrameLabel. I don't use the function FrameLabel because the curve owns value in the positive and negative y axis. I found if using FrameLabel, the x-direction frame will display on the bottom without overlapping x axis. (2)The webpage didn't point out how to adjust the distance between the text generated from FrameLabel and axis. The default distance between FrameLabel text such as text "x-axis" in the following picture and x axis is very far, so it can not be used in paper directly. So I think it necessary to open a new post here.

In the first row of the following picture, I want to insert an annotation "y-label text" into fig 1-a and make it become into the fig 1-b; the second, move a little bit of "x-axis" and "y-axis" to their axis in the fig 2-a and make it into the fig 2-b. The codes and pictures as follows. How can I achieve the results? Thank you!

For fig 1-a

Plot[Sin[x], {x, 0, 2 Pi},
 AxesLabel -> {"x", "y"}, PlotRange -> All]

For fig 2-a

Plot[x^2 + 4, {x, 0, 5}, ImageSize -> 500, Axes -> False, 
 Frame -> {{True, False}, {True, False}}, 
 FrameLabel -> {{"y-axis", None}, {"x-axis", None}}, 
 FrameTicks -> All]

and the picture: enter image description here

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Here is one approach: add the labels in desired places using Epilog (with the option PlotRangeClipping -> False and the option setting for ImagePadding large enough to avoid cropping of the labels):

Plot[Sin[x], {x, 0, 2 Pi}, AxesLabel -> {"x", None}, PlotRange -> All,
  PlotRangeClipping -> False, ImagePadding -> Scaled[.05], 
 Epilog -> Text[Style[Rotate["y-label text", 90 Degree], Red, Bold], {-.5, .5}]]

enter image description here

Plot[x^2 + 4, {x, 0, 5}, ImageSize -> 500, Axes -> False, 
  Frame -> {{True, False}, {True, False}}, 
  FrameTicks -> All, 
  PlotRangeClipping -> False,
  ImagePadding -> {{Scaled[.1], Automatic}, {Scaled[.1], Automatic}},
  Epilog -> {Text["y axis", {-.25, 17.5}, {0, 0}, {0, 1}], 
    Text["x axis", {2.5, 1.5}]}]

enter image description here

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  • $\begingroup$ Thank you for hitting the key of the problem. Can you insert a comma at the end of the sentence ImagePadding? In case others may refer to the codes. $\endgroup$ – likehust Jul 11 at 8:17
  • $\begingroup$ @likehust, thank you. Fixed the missing comma. $\endgroup$ – kglr Jul 11 at 8:27

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