# Solving BPV of second order nonlinear ODE through NDSolve

I'm trying to solve a 2nd order related ODE system in two region using Piecewise. BC: 1) y'=0 and at y'[1.6]=0 while at 1 y' is continues.y[1.6]=0andy= y0.

I'm using to use NDSolve as shown below, but the code did not solve the system

How could I write code using NDSolve that the solution match at y' in the two region? The code is:

 \[Epsilon] = $MachineEpsilon ; f[x_] := Piecewise[{{2.7, 0 <= x <= 1}, {0, 1 < x <= 1.6}}]; s = NDSolve[{y''[x] + 2 y'[x]/x == - Cosh[-y[x]] + f[x], y == y0, y'[\[Epsilon]] == 0}, y, {x, \[Epsilon], 1.6}, Method -> "StiffnessSwitching", WorkingPrecision -> 40] Plot[%, {x, 0, 1.6}, AxesLabel -> {x, y}]  • You write y[\[Epsilon]] == y0, but there is no y0 in your code. it will be better to make the code self contained so it it easy to copy and paste it in one copy. – Nasser Jun 11 at 4:25 • y0 is the value of function at \[Epsilon]that need to evaluate. – user66021 Jun 11 at 4:34 • y0 is the value of function at \[Epsilon]that need to evaluate I am not following. You are giving an initial condition for the dependent variable at some location as unknown? This is NDSolve not DSolve. So I think it should be known value there. – Nasser Jun 11 at 4:37 • Ok. ODE has to region, and my goals to solve ode in each region and match the solution at Y(1). So, how could I do this? – user66021 Jun 11 at 4:46 • Moreover, I need to pass an initial estimate to the function at x=1, and from that using find root. But I did know how? – user66021 Jun 11 at 4:53 ## 2 Answers Plot[{Piecewise[{{2.7, 0 <= x <= 1}, {0, 1 < x <= 1.6}}], 2.7/(1 + Exp[200 (x - 1)])}, {x, 0, 1.6}] \[Epsilon] =$MachineEpsilon;
f[x_] := 2.7/(1 + Exp[200 (x - 1)]);
s[c_] := y /.
First@NDSolve[{y''[x] + 2 y'[x]/x == c*-Cosh[-y[x]] + f[x],
y[1.6] == 0, y'[\[Epsilon]] == 0}, y, {x, \[Epsilon], 1.6},
Method -> "StiffnessSwitching", AccuracyGoal -> 30];
sol = s;
Plot[sol[x], {x, 0, 1.6}, AxesLabel -> {x, y}] With variable parameter c,

Do[
sols[i] = s[i];, {i, 0, 1, 0.1}];

Plot[MapThread[sols[#][x] &, {Range[0, 1, 0.1]}], {x, 0, 1.6},
AxesLabel -> {x, y}] With Manipulate

Manipulate[
Plot[sols[c][x], {x, 0, 1.6}, AxesLabel -> {x, y}], {c, 0, 1, 0.1}] • let say I have a parameter c y''[x] + 2 y'[x]/x == -Cosh[-y[x]] + f[x] > y''[x] + 2 y'[x]/x == -c Cosh[-y[x]] + f[x] ?How to insert it in your NDSolve method ? – user66021 Jun 11 at 19:13
• @user66021 would you ask/post it as another(new) question? – Xminer Jun 11 at 19:15
• Is it worth to put a new questions since I'm just adding a parameter. ? – user66021 Jun 11 at 19:17
• @user66021 ok,I've understand what you mean from this comment. – Xminer Jun 11 at 19:41
• Yes, Would you please do it in NDSolve? – user66021 Jun 11 at 21:23

You can solve your problem using ParametricNDSolve.

Because MMA currently (v 11.0.1) isn't able to solve boundary value problems I define an initial value problem at the boundary x=1.6 with unknown slope y'[1.6]==ys1 thereby avoiding the singularity at x==0

Y = ParametricNDSolveValue[{y''[x] + 2 y'[x]/x == -Cosh[-y[x]] + f[x], y[1.6] == 0, y'[1.6] == ys1}, y, {x, 0, 1.6}, {ys1}]


Now try to find ys1 such that y'->0

opt = NMinimize[{1, Y[ys1]' == 0 , -.5 < ys1 < 0}, {ys1}]
Plot[Y[ys1][x] /. opt[] , {x, 0, 1.6}, Evaluated -> True] In this approach there is no need to introduce small \[Epsilon], special method (NDSolve), very high WorkingPrecision or simplified f[x]

• Thanks for those solutions. What will happen if y''[x] + 2 y'[x]/x == -Cosh[-y[x]] + f[x] has a parameter (c) > y''[x] + 2 y'[x]/x == -c Cosh[-y[x]] + f[x] ?How to insert it in NDSolve method ? – user66021 Jun 11 at 8:38
• ParametricNDSolveValue[..., {ys1,c}] ` – Ulrich Neumann Jun 11 at 8:43
• Thanks @Ulrich Neumann. – user66021 Jun 11 at 8:46