# Mark region of a plot by a rectangle

I want to make a series of plots, each of which will show a zoomed on region of the plot before.

So that everything is easy to understand, I want to mark the region which will be seen in the next plot by a dotted rectangle.

How can I draw this rectangle?

As an example: Say I want to plot sin(x), and then mark the region like in this picture here:

• PlotRange to set the plot range, Epilog with Dashed and Rectangle to mark the region. Please look them up along with reference.wolfram.com/language/tutorial/… and related tutorials. May 31, 2019 at 21:25
• Take a look at 140090, is this what you need?
– Kuba
May 31, 2019 at 21:58
• @Szabolcs Thank you very much! This is what I needed. One follow up question: I now did it with Show and then Plot for the function plot on the one hand, and Graphics + Rectangle for the region on the other hand. What is the benefit by doing it with Epilog instead of Show? Jun 3, 2019 at 18:25
• @Kuba This is actually even more advanced! So far I am happy with only marking the region, and then make a second plot for the zoomed in part. But I will keep this in mind for the future to make even nicer plots. Thanks for linking! Jun 3, 2019 at 18:26

Using a combination of Epilog, Rectangle and Locator in a DynamicModule:

plt = Plot[ Cos[ 3 Sin[2 x] x] x, {x, -2 Pi, 2 Pi}, AspectRatio -> Automatic];

DynamicModule[{pts = {{-3, -3}, {4, 3}}},
Show[plt,
Epilog -> Dynamic @ {Directive[EdgeForm[{Red, Dashed}], Lighter@Yellow, Opacity[.3]],
Dynamic[Rectangle @@ pts],
Graphics[{#2, Rectangle[]}, ImageSize -> 8],
LocatorRegion -> Full] &, {{1, 2}, {Black, Gray}}]}]]


Alternatively define a function zoom to define a rectangle with interactively adjustable coordinates:

ClearAll[zoom]
zoom[Dynamic[coords_], edgestyle_: Orange, facestyle_: LightYellow] :=
Graphics[{Directive[EdgeForm[{edgestyle, Dashed}], facestyle, Opacity[.3]],
Dynamic[Rectangle @@ coords],
Graphics[{#2, Rectangle[]}, ImageSize -> 8], LocatorRegion -> Full] &,
{{1, 2}, {Black, Gray}}]}]


You can use zoom with a single plot:

DynamicModule[{pts = Transpose @ PlotRange[plt]/2},
Show[plt, zoom[Dynamic @ pts, Red, Lighter @ Lighter @ Red]]]


To get a series of plots each zooming on a region of the previous one, we can use zoom as a helper function as follows:

ClearAll[shrink, paneled, zoompanels]
shrink[s_] := {##} + {-1, 1} s Subtract[##]/2 &;

paneled = Panel[#, ImageSize -> {300, 300}, Alignment -> Center] &;

zoompanels[plt_, sh_: .25] := DynamicModule[{pta = Transpose[PlotRange[plt]],
ptb = Transpose[shrink[sh] @@@ PlotRange[plt]]},
Row[paneled /@ {Show[plt, zoom[Dynamic[pta]]],
ptb = Transpose[shrink[sh] @@@ Transpose[pta]];
Framed[Show[plt, zoom[Dynamic[ptb], Blue, LightBlue],
PlotRange -> Dynamic[Transpose[pta]]], FrameStyle -> Orange],
Framed[Show[ plt, PlotRange -> Dynamic[Transpose[ptb]]],
FrameStyle -> Blue]}]]


Using zoompanels to create cascading zooms:

Deploy @ zoompanels[plt]