I made the following package file :


LLog[x_] := If[x != 0, Log[x], 0]

H2[x_] := (-x)*LLog[x] - (1 - x)*LLog[1 - x]

InvH2BrancheDroite[x_] := 1 - InverseFunction[H2][x]
EntropyMat[M_] := Module[{eigenValues, entropy},
  eigenValues = Eigenvalues[M];
  entropy = -Sum[
     If[eigenValues[[i]] != 0, eigenValues[[i]]*Log[eigenValues[[i]]],
       0], {i, Length[eigenValues]}]
VectToDensityMat[v_] := Module[{rho},
  rho = Array[v[[#1]]*Conjugate[v[[#2]]] &, {Length[v], Length[v]}]

test[x_] := x + 1

The cell of this package is parametrised as "initialization cell".

In my code, I first load the package :

<< thermopackage`

But all functions excepted test are recognized. If I do test[2] it does not recognize it a a function (whereas LLog, H2 etc are recognized).

I actually just reopened this old package I made in the past and wanted to add functions (like the example test), and the recent functions I added to my package aren't recognized, and I don't get why.

They are only recognized if I first open the package and run it.

How to make it work ? Mathematica seems again very complicated for a very basic task.

  • $\begingroup$ Mathematica does not need to be complicated. What is in you actual package file? You do not say it explciitly, but it seems that you are saving a notebook as a package, and only show us what you see in the notebook. There is often no reason to do this, as package files can be edited as if they were a notebook. Almost certainly, your package file does not contain what you believe it does. $\endgroup$
    – Szabolcs
    Commented May 8, 2019 at 17:12
  • $\begingroup$ @Szabolcs hmmm I'm not sure to totally get what you mean, but my package is saved as a .wl file (when I open it with mathematica there is the icon "run package" for example that doesn't shows up for an usual notebook). $\endgroup$
    – StarBucK
    Commented May 8, 2019 at 17:18
  • 3
    $\begingroup$ OK, that clears up one bit, but I still don't understand fully: are you saying that << thermopackage` and pressing Run Package have different effects? Then << thermopackage` does not load the file you think it is loading. Evaluate FindFile["thermopackage`"] to see what it loads. $\endgroup$
    – Szabolcs
    Commented May 8, 2019 at 17:37
  • $\begingroup$ @Szabolcs you are right. It is totally my mistake I loaded another file actually. Thank you very much. $\endgroup$
    – StarBucK
    Commented May 9, 2019 at 8:50
  • $\begingroup$ You can use Get["/path/to/file"] to load a specific file. Speaking of complicated things, file lookup is complicated. mathematica.stackexchange.com/a/133275/12 I think it's a better idea to only use the Get["context`"] syntax with packages that are properly installed in a standard location (such as $UserBaseDirctory/Applications). $\endgroup$
    – Szabolcs
    Commented May 9, 2019 at 8:53

1 Answer 1


I put your code in a initialization cell and saved it to my desktop as thermopkg.wl. I quit my local and restarted it fresh notebook. I load your package with

Needs["thermotoolpackage`", FileNameJoin[{$HomeDirectory, "Desktop", "thermopkg.wl"}]]

I then evaluated

?? test

and got


So it looked like test was loaded OK, and I tried



I infer from this that there nothing intrinsically wrong with your pacakage and your problems problems reside from trying to load the package into a notebook that had conflicting symbols defined.

BTW, it is better to write packages in the package editor that in a notebook. You can do that by opening a new package editor window with File > New > Package.

  • $\begingroup$ When did the package editor get introduced? $\endgroup$ Commented May 9, 2019 at 2:37
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ @CATrevillian. I really don't know. I believe Its current form goes back to V11.0.. $\endgroup$
    – m_goldberg
    Commented May 9, 2019 at 22:38
  • $\begingroup$ thank you! I ask because I had to piece together a custom packager (from older code not updated in a few versions) in a notebook that autowrites to .m upon saving. I know that is older and .wl is newer, but I wasn’t able to have it function at the time. Maybe now I’ll use this editor! :) $\endgroup$ Commented May 10, 2019 at 1:51

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