Neumann boundary condition is not satisfied

I want to solve the diffusion equation on a disk centered at (0,0) with a radius of 1. I also want the flux at a radius of 0.8 to be zero. I have this initial condition at time zero:

u[x, y, 0] == Exp[(-x^2 - y^2)/0.01] + 10*Exp[-(((x - 1)^2 + (y)^2)/0.01)]

The initial condition looks like this:

The solution after time 50 looks like this: The problem is that I expected because the flux is zero at radius of 0.8 then at the distance more than 0.8 from the origin the value of variable u[x,y,t] should be different from that of at distances shorter than 0.8. However, everything looks equilibrated.

Here is the whole code:

sol = NDSolveValue[{
Laplacian[u[x, y, t], {x, y}] == D[u[x, y, t], t] +
NeumannValue[0., {x, y} ∈ RegionDifference[Disk[{0, 0}, 1], Disk[{0, 0}, 0.8]]],
u[x, y, 0] == Exp[(-x^2 - y^2)/0.01] + 10*Exp[-(((x - 1)^2 + y^2)/0.01)]},
u, {x, y} ∈ Disk[{0, 0}, 1],
{t, 0, 50}
]

Plot3D[sol[x, y, 0], {x, y} ∈ Disk[{0, 0}, 1], PlotRange -> All] • Here it is necessary to solve two problems: 1) on the disk x^2+y^2<=0.8^2, 2) on the ring 0.8^2<=x^2+y^2<=1. – Alex Trounev Mar 22 at 14:19
• Thank you. In this link I reduced my real problem and asked a new question. I think I will delete this question then. mathematica.stackexchange.com/questions/193789/… – MOON Mar 22 at 20:36
• Why delete? It's an interesting question! – mjw Mar 25 at 12:17
• @mjw Yuo are right. At first I thought the other question I asked covers this one. But they seem unrelated. I will not delete the question. – MOON Mar 25 at 12:34
• @MOON, Thanks. Hope to have time later to work on it. In any case, looking forward to seeing it develop. – mjw Mar 25 at 13:31

Here is a way to have an internal NeumannValue:

We generate a mesh with an internal boundary:

Needs["NDSolveFEM"]
mesh = ToElementMesh[Annulus[{0, 0}, {8/10, 1}],
"RegionHoles" -> None];
mesh["Wireframe"] The mesh has boundary markers:

mesh["BoundaryElementMarkerUnion"]
{1, 2}

Visualize the mesh with it's boundary elements grouped by the markers:

mesh["Wireframe"["MeshElement" -> "BoundaryElements",
"MeshElementStyle" -> {Blue, Orange}]] Solve the equation:

sol = NDSolveValue[{Laplacian[u[x, y, t], {x, y}] ==
D[u[x, y, t], t] + NeumannValue[1, ElementMarker == 1],
u[x, y, 0] ==
Exp[(-x^2 - y^2)/0.01] + 10*Exp[-(((x - 1)^2 + y^2)/0.01)]},
u, {x, y} \[Element] mesh, {t, 0, 50}];

And visualize the result:

Plot3D[sol[x, y, 50], {x, y} \[Element] mesh, PlotRange -> All] • Why NeumannValue[1,... ? The way I understand the question ("flux at a radius of 0.8 to be zero") it should be NeumannValue[0,... – andre314 Apr 22 at 10:23
• Though I don't find the question clear. In my interpretation, it could be reformulated as to 2 independent problems. – andre314 Apr 22 at 10:27
• @andre314, because with `NeumannValue[0,...] you do not see anything. The numerical offset is too small. I also find the question not that clear, so I started with what I gathered and wanted to see what OP had to say. – user21 Apr 22 at 11:12