Having a list as follow:

l = {x1, x2, x3, x4, x5};

I want to add each element with the element before, so I did:

Delete[Table[l[[i]] + l[[i - 1]], {i, Length[l]}], 1]

which gives:

{x1 + x2, x2 + x3, x3 + x4, x4 + x5}

I wonder if there is a better way of doing this? or is there any built-in function to do such operation?


2 Answers 2


So using the comments I get:

MovingMap[Total, l, 1]

that gives:

{x1 + x2, x2 + x3, x3 + x4, x4 + x5}
  • 5
    $\begingroup$ ListCorrelate[]/ListConvolve[] ought to be faster than this one. $\endgroup$ Oct 16, 2018 at 10:39

Let me make a collection of methods suggested so far, other than MovingMap (thx to @J.M.iscomputer-less for the last two):

2 MovingAverage[l, 2]
BlockMap[Total, l, 2, 1]
Total /@ Partition[l, 2, 1]
ListCorrelate[{1, 1}, l]
ListConvolve[{1, 1}, l]

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