I need to merge two QuantityArray objects of mixed type. My first attempt looks something like:

q1 = QuantityArray[RandomReal[{-10, 10}, {10000, 4}], "Angstroms"];
q2 = QuantityArray[RandomReal[{-10, 10}, {10000, 3}], "Debyes"];
qnew = Join[q1, q2, 2]; // AbsoluteTiming // First


But it turns out this builds a List of List of Quantity objects:

qnew[[;; 3]]

{{Quantity[4.1543, "Angstroms"], Quantity[5.47902, "Angstroms"], 
  Quantity[-2.40716, "Angstroms"], Quantity[-6.48639, "Angstroms"], 
  Quantity[1.23, "Debyes"], Quantity[6.39028, "Debyes"], 
  Quantity[-3.68544, "Debyes"]}, {Quantity[-4.16621, "Angstroms"], 
  Quantity[3.38214, "Angstroms"], Quantity[-6.28603, "Angstroms"], 
  Quantity[-8.62747, "Angstroms"], Quantity[-2.42187, "Debyes"], 
  Quantity[5.7411, "Debyes"], 
  Quantity[-7.45621, "Debyes"]}, {Quantity[1.04501, "Angstroms"], 
  Quantity[8.00975, "Angstroms"], Quantity[-6.73537, "Angstroms"], 
  Quantity[9.31479, "Angstroms"], Quantity[-3.87661, "Debyes"], 
  Quantity[6.69572, "Debyes"], Quantity[4.10434, "Debyes"]}}

It's also super slow as that 10000 becomes closer to 50000.

I found that this is faster and builds a proper QuantityArray:

qnew =
     Join[QuantityMagnitude@q1, QuantityMagnitude@q2, 2], 
     Join[First@QuantityUnit@q1, First@QuantityUnit@q2]
     ]; // AbsoluteTiming // First


qnew[[;; 3]]

enter image description here

Likely as the packed arrays never unpack as they would in the first case.

Now the question is that I was wondering if there was a reason for this behavior. I.e. is there something that makes the first behavior of Join more general than the second?

Otherwise I'm tempted to forward this to WRI as a suggestion.

  • $\begingroup$ It seems the underlying data is a StructuredArray which can only represent values of one unit. I only quickly glanced at this, but I'm not sure this is possible. Look at this here Import["http://halirutan.github.io/Mathematica-SE-Tools/decode.m"]["http://i.stack.imgur.com/rFUEU.png"] and then evaluate the input. But again, I have not investigated much. $\endgroup$
    – halirutan
    Aug 2, 2018 at 11:06
  • $\begingroup$ @halirutan the StructuredArray setup is probably part of it, but it can in fact hold multiple units. The second thing I had there actually happens to work. $\endgroup$
    – b3m2a1
    Aug 2, 2018 at 16:24
  • $\begingroup$ This is a current limitation of Join with QuantityArray objects. With a non-default level specification (in your case 2), Join will normalize the QuantityArray objects (actually, any type of StructuredArray objects). $\endgroup$
    – jose
    Aug 7, 2018 at 22:40
  • $\begingroup$ @jose the question is why does it have to be this way? $\endgroup$
    – b3m2a1
    Aug 7, 2018 at 22:41
  • $\begingroup$ It doesn't have to be this way. It could be extended. Please, do send a suggestion to WRI. $\endgroup$
    – jose
    Aug 7, 2018 at 22:44


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