# NDSolve for 2d Langevin equation

I want to simulate the movement of a damped single particle which vibrates due to Brownian motion.

$m \ddot{x} + \gamma \dot{x} - \xi(t)=0$

where $\gamma$ is the friction constant and $\xi(t)$ a "random" or "fluctuating force".

In principle I would like to solve a similar equation as in here but I would like to get out the (x,y) coordinate pairs and how they vary with time.

So, how can I extend the 1d Langevin equation so that NDSolve produces the 2d coordinates?

This is the answer from Michael E2 for the 1d problem:

SeedRandom;
R[t_Real] := RandomVariate[NormalDistribution[0, 1]];
values = {k1 -> 1, k2 -> 1};

lastt = -1;
dt = 10^-2;

{foo, {pts}} =
Reap@NDSolve[{(-x''[t] - k1*x'[t] + k2*R[t]) == 0, x == 0, x' == 0} /. values,
x, {t, 0, 10},
StartingStepSize -> 10^-5,
Method -> {"FixedStep", Method -> "ExplicitEuler"}, MaxSteps -> ∞,
EvaluationMonitor :> If[t >= lastt + dt, lastt = t; Sow[{t, x[t]}]]
];

Plot[x[t] /. First[foo] // Evaluate, {t, 0, 10}] This extension of your answer seems to work. I have taken out the evaluation monitor since it is not used in the plot.

SeedRandom;
R[t_Real] := RandomVariate[NormalDistribution[0, 1]];
values = {k1x -> 1, k2x -> 1,k1y -> 1, k2y -> 1};

foo=NDSolve[{
(-x''[t] - k1x*x'[t] + k2x*R[t]) == 0, x == 0, x' == 0,
(-y''[t] - k1y*y'[t] + k2y*R[t]) == 0, y == 0, y' == 1} /.values,
{x[t],y[t]}, {t, 0, 10},
StartingStepSize -> 10^-3,
Method -> {"FixedStep", Method -> "ExplicitEuler"}, MaxSteps -> Infinity
];

(* plot in x-y plane  *)
ParametricPlot[Evaluate[{x[t],y[t]}/.foo[]],{t,0,10}]
(* plot with time on z axis  *)
ParametricPlot3D[Evaluate[{x[t],y[t],t}/.foo[]],{t,0,10},BoxRatios->{1,1,1}]

• Why is the effective displacement much larger in x than in y? That should not be in average. The movement is somehow directed, what is unclear to me. – mrz Mar 9 '18 at 13:41
• @Lenoil Actually the displacement is much larger in y, that's because ha loa chooses x' == 0 and y' == 1 as the i.c.. And I believe $F$ should also be a vector if you need undirected result. – xzczd Mar 26 '18 at 14:45