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I need to plot the Reuleaux triangle in rectangular coordinates.

Reuleaux triangle

I am not sure if there's a Reuleaux triangle equation. If yes, I can plot it by ContourPlot.

I saw link but I just need curve of Reuleaux triangle.

What's the best way to plot a Reuleaux triangle?

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    $\begingroup$ The Reuleaux triangle has sharp corners, so ContourPlot would have problems to draw that. $\endgroup$ – Henrik Schumacher Mar 5 '18 at 9:12
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A long time ago, I derived parametric equations for Reuleaux polygons.

Specializing the formulae in that post to the triangle case, we have

ParametricPlot[{(Sqrt[3] Cos[π/6 (2 SawtoothWave[u] - 1)] - 1) Cos[π/3 (2 Floor[u] + 1)] -
                Sqrt[3] Sin[π/6 (2 SawtoothWave[u] - 1)] Sin[π/3 (2 Floor[u] + 1)],
                Sqrt[3] Cos[π/3 (2 Floor[u] + 1)] Sin[π/6 (2 SawtoothWave[u] - 1)] +
                (Sqrt[3] Cos[π/6 (2 SawtoothWave[u] - 1)] - 1) Sin[π/3 (2 Floor[u] + 1)]},
               {u, 0, 3}]

Reuleaux triangle


After some prompting by Jens, I tried looking again for a polar representation of the Reuleaux triangle. I finally managed to find one, but it is not very pretty:

PolarPlot[Cos[Mod[θ, 2 π/3, 2 π/3]] + Sqrt[2 + Cos[Mod[θ, 2 π/3, 2 π/3]]^2],
          {θ, 0, 2 π}]

Reuleaux triangle

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  • $\begingroup$ I'd be curious if there's a simple form that could be used with PolarPlot. Probably not... but maybe you've thought about it. $\endgroup$ – Jens Mar 5 '18 at 23:16
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    $\begingroup$ @Jens, I haven't found one, but definitely not for lack of trying. $\endgroup$ – J. M. will be back soon Mar 5 '18 at 23:19
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Not sure if the best but here is one way:

RegionIntersection @@ (Disk /@ CirclePoints[1/Sqrt[3], 3]) // 
RegionBoundary // 
Region

enter image description here

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  • $\begingroup$ I am impressed with the simplicity of your solution ! $\endgroup$ – yarchik Mar 5 '18 at 9:30
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    $\begingroup$ @yarchik thanks, yes one can get lazy with Mathematica $\endgroup$ – Kuba Mar 5 '18 at 9:40

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