# Variance of geodesic path length in a random geometric graph

I'm trying to calculate the variance of the passage time over various distances in a random geometric graph.

I am able to quickly generate a random geometric graph with e.g. SpatialGraphDistribution. I then set the EdgeWeights as the respective Euclidean length...

r0 = 0.2;
density = 100;
Ngraphs = 100;
n = RandomVariate[PoissonDistribution[density], Ngraphs];
ed[rg_] :=
EuclideanDistance @@@
Map[PropertyValue[{rg, #}, VertexCoordinates] &, EdgeList[rg], {2}];
graph6 = Table[
RandomGraph[SpatialGraphDistribution[n[[k]], r0]], {k, 1,
Ngraphs}]; // AbsoluteTiming
graph6 = SetProperty[#, EdgeWeight -> ed[#]] & /@
graph6; // AbsoluteTiming


It is a bit slow setting the weights! But, for now...

Define the passage time $T(x,y)$ to be the Euclidean length of a shortest path between vertices $x$ and $y$.

I need to plot the variance of the passage time $\text{Var}\left(T(x,y)\right)$ against $||x-y||$, which shows how this variance changes as the path spans an increasing distance. The conjecture I have is that this variance converges to a positive constant as $||x-y|| \to \infty$. The difficulty is I can't fix two vertices at $||x-y||$ in the graph using this SpatialGraphDistribution method. So I sample many pairs, and for each record 1) their Euclidean separation, and 2) the passage time $T$ along the geodesic running between them.

Is there a way I can then quickly take these samples of the passage time for e.g. uniformly random pairs, say 5% of all pairs in a graph, and then produce a plot of $T(||x-y||)$ vs $||x-y||$?

At the moment I am binning the distances of random pairs, but it is inelegant.

• I can also generate the graphs without using SpatialGraphDistribution, thanks to excellent help in another question mathematica.stackexchange.com/questions/166732/…. For now I am more concerned with this problem of efficiently sampling the passage time. However, the two questions are entwined!
– apg
Mar 1, 2018 at 20:28

Does this function approximate what you are looking for?

distanceplot[G_Graph] := Module[{pts, A, B},
pts = PropertyValue[G, VertexCoordinates];
A = Flatten[
DeleteCases[UpperTriangularize[GraphDistanceMatrix[G], 1],
0., {2}]];
B = Flatten[
DeleteCases[UpperTriangularize[DistanceMatrix[pts, pts], 1],
0., {2}]];
ListPlot[Transpose[{B, A}], AxesLabel -> {"EuclideanDistance", "GraphDistanceMatrix"}]
]

distanceplot[graph6[[1]]]


• Perhaps I just look at the variance of the samples on vertical strips, and then plot against the respective strips Euclidean distance?
– apg
Mar 1, 2018 at 20:40
• Now it's graph distance (with respect to the Euclidean edge lengths) vs. Euclidean distance (chord distance). Mar 1, 2018 at 20:43
• Good to hear that this may help you! Mar 1, 2018 at 21:03
• Try SortBy[Transpose[{B,A}],First] for sorting. Binning can maybe done with the tree-argument variant of BinLists. Mar 1, 2018 at 21:42
• You're welcome! Mar 1, 2018 at 22:18