Nested Map and Apply

There are some other questions on this topic but I could not get an answer from reading them. What I want to do is use Apply on some of the arguments of a function, h, and then Map on another argument. Here is what I attempted:

Map[Apply[{h[#, ##]} &, {a, b}] &, {1, 2}]
(* ===>{{h[a, a, b]}, {h[a, a, b]}} *)

The elements I want to Map over never get used. But this is not what I want. I want just

{h[1,a,b],h[2,a,b]}

I could use Table instead of Map but it's slow (slower than just using Apply twice) and I was hoping Map would be faster.

I understand that Apply is using both # and ## but I'm not sure what syntax is correct to force the first Slot to be used by Map instead of Apply.

EDIT: This is more like what I actually want to do:

Map[Apply[{h1[#, ##],h2[#, ##]} &, {RandomReal[], RandomReal[]}] &, {1, 2}]

So I want output as

{{h1[1, a1,b1], h2[1, a1,b1]},{h1[2, a2,b2], h2[2, a2,b2]}}

where I a's and b's are the random numbers. So to get this, I think the order of Apply and Map is important.

One option is to separate the slots by using an explicit Function for the second argument

Map[Function[arg, Apply[{h[arg, ##]} &, {a, b}]], {1, 2}]

Regarding your updated question. The approach is the same

Map[Function[arg, Apply[{h1[arg, ##], h2[arg, ##]} &,
{RandomReal[], RandomReal[]}]], {1, 2}]

Simply you could use:

Thread @ h[{1, 2}, a, b]
{h[1, a, b], h[2, a, b]}

If you can demonstrate how that fails in your application I will give other methods.

It was suggested that I use Sequence @@ {a, b} so as to keep {a, b} in the given form. I did not, because I was not clear as to the expected input format and because I felt that it would obscure the syntax.

Taking a guess as to your desired syntax, you might use:

f[h][{1, 2}, {a, b}]
{h[1, a, b], h[2, a, b]}

Unevaluated is needed for cases such as:

f[Print][{1, 2}, {a, b}];

1ab

2ab

Based on your updated question perhaps you want:

Through[{h1, h2} @@ RandomReal[1, 2] ~Prepend~ #] & /@ {1, 2}

Or

Through[{h1, h2}[#, Sequence @@ RandomReal[1, 2]]] & /@ {1, 2}

But if this is really representative of your usage there is probably a faster way.

• Maybe use Sequence @@ {a, b} to preserve the input in the given form ? – b.gates.you.know.what Dec 12 '12 at 16:56
• @b.gatessucks I'm still not sure what is the input. Is it supposed to be the two expression {1, 2} and {a, b}? – Mr.Wizard Dec 12 '12 at 17:00

Version 11.3 introduced Curry which can be used to good effect here:

Map[Apply[Curry[{h[##]} &, {3, 1, 2}], {a, b}][#] &, {1, 2}]

(* {{h[1, a, b]}, {h[2, a, b]}} *)

Map[Apply[Curry[{h1[##], h2[##]} &, 3][#], {RandomReal[], RandomReal[]}] &, {1, 2}]

(* {{h1[1, 0.373787, 0.928873], h2[1, 0.373787, 0.928873]},
{h1[2, 0.271899, 0.0866199], h2[2, 0.271899, 0.0866199]}} *)