# Monte Carlo simulation of a financial market

I'm fairly new to Mathematica and i want to review the average prices of this model. In order to do that i need to perform a Monte Carlo simulation on my financial markets model:

P[t_] := P[t] = P[t - 1] + μ*ED[t - 1] + RandomVariate[NormalDistribution[0, 0.03]];
ED[t_] := ED[t] = WC[t]*DC[t] + WF[t]*DF[t];
DC[t_] := DC[t] = b (P[t] - P[t - 1]);
DF[t_] := DF[t] = c (F - P[t]);
WF[t_] := WF[t] = 1/(1 + Exp[-β*a[t]]);
WC[t_] := WC[t] = 1 - WF[t];
a[t_] := a[t] = α0 + αn*(WF[t - 1] - WC[t - 1]) + αp (P[t - 1] - F)^2;

μ = 0.01;
β = 1;
b = 0.01;
c = 0.01;
α0 = 0;
αn = -0.4;
αp = 1;

F = 1;
P[0] = F;
P[1] = F;
P[2] = F;
P[3] = F + 0.01;

WF[1] = 0.2;
WC[1] = 0.8;

logprices = Table[P[t], {t, 1000, 6000}];
logreturns = Differences[logprices];
abslogreturns = Abs[logreturns];
Dis[t_] := Dis[t] = Abs[P[t] - F];
SumDis = Table[Dis[t], {t, 1000, 6000}];
Mean[SumDis]
Mean[logprices]
Kurtosis[logreturns]


P = Price, ED = excess demand, DC/DF = demand, WC/WF = weights, a = influences of weights, F = fundamental value, dis = distortion

A single run is supposed to yield the average price, the average distortion and the kurtosis of the logreturns. P, DC/DF and WF/WC will be plotted using ListLineplot.

I want to run this about 2000-5000 times and compile the resulting 2000-5000 average prices and distortions in a list or something along those lines so i can average them to see what a change of a variable does to those.

I read the Mathematica documentation on how to perform a Monte Carlo simulation, but I couldn't see how to transfer it to my model.

I tried the table function but the only result I achieved is {Null}.

My question is: how do I set this up correctly?

• Why did you delete the code in your question? Mar 27, 2018 at 8:33
• I rolled previous revision back as this question makes no sense without code sample.
– Kuba
Mar 27, 2018 at 8:37

You use memoization in your code. In some cases that may be quite useful. Personally, I use it rarely, because it mixes data and operations on that data in a rather unfavorable way: After a single run of your simulation, you have to delete almost all you definitions. So the life cycle of the memoized data is pretty short; in the end it will be tiny fractions of a second. Moreover, you plan to produce huge loads of numerical data; these can be most efficiently stored and accessed in a simple array. Since you want to perform lots of simulations with many different parameters, you might also want decent performance of the code. Thus, I compiled your code into the following library function:

cf = Compile[{{noise, _Real, 1}, {F, _Real}, {b, _Real}, {c, _Real},
{α0, _Real}, {αn, _Real}, {αp, _Real}, {β, _Real}, {μ, _Real}, {WF1, _Real}, {WC1, _Real}},
Block[{P, ED, DC, DF, WF, WC, a, n},
n = Length[noise];
P = Table[0., {n}];
ED = Table[0., {n}];
DC = Table[0., {n}];
DF = Table[0., {n}];
WF = Table[0., {n}];
WC = Table[0., {n}];
a = Table[0., {n}];
P[[1 ;; 3]] = {F, F, F + 0.01};
WF[[1]] = WF1;
WC[[1]] = WC1;
Do[
P[[i]] = P[[i - 1]] + μ ED[[i - 1]] + noise[[i]];
DC[[i]] = b (P[[i]] - P[[i - 1]]);
DF[[i]] = c (F - P[[i]]);
a[[i]] = α0 + αn (WF[[i - 1]] - WC[[i - 1]]) + αp (P[[i - 1]] - F)^2;
WF[[i]] = 1./(1. + Exp[-β  a[[i]]]);
WC[[i]] = 1. - WF[[i]];
ED[[i]] = WC[[i]]  DC[[i]] + WF[[i]] DF[[i]];
, {i, 2, n}];
{P, DC, DF, a, WF, WC, ED}
],
CompilationTarget -> "C",
RuntimeAttributes -> {Listable},
Parallelization -> True,
RuntimeOptions -> "Speed"
]


Now you can run 5000 simulations with 6000 iterations each within a second with

n = 6000;
m = 5000;
μ = 0.01;
β = 1;
b = 0.01;
c = 0.01;
α0 = 0;
αn = -0.4;
αp = 1;
F = 1.;
WF1 = 0.2;
WC1 = 0.8;
noise = RandomVariate[NormalDistribution[0, 0.03], {m, n}];
data = cf[noise, F, b, c, α0, αn, αp, β, μ, WF1, WC1];


In order to interpret the output: data has dimension {m,7,n}. You access {P, DC, DF, a, WF, WC, ED} (in that order) of the j-th iteration in the i-th simulation with data[[i,All,j]].

• I tried your solution but i got the following error Compile::nogen: A library could not be generated from the compiled function. CCompilerDriverCreateLibrary::nocomp: A C compiler cannot be found on your system. Please consult the documentation to learn how to set up suitable compilers.
– user52902
Oct 21, 2017 at 15:03
• Aha. You have no C compiler installed. That somehow tells me that you are using windows. You have two options: For very fast execution, install a C compiler, e.g. cygwin. If you are lazy but somewhat more patient, just change CompilationTarget -> "C" to CompilationTarget -> "WVM". On my system, the difference is a factor five in execution time. Oct 21, 2017 at 15:14
• I changed it WVM since i don't get mathematica to recognize cygwin. Another question would be how do i get access to all iterations of P?
– user52902
Oct 21, 2017 at 16:02
• The list of all P in the i-th simulation is data[[i,1]]`. Oct 21, 2017 at 16:22
• And see here (reference.wolfram.com/language/CCompilerDriver/tutorial/…) for more information on C compilers that are supported. Oct 21, 2017 at 17:19