How can I force mathematica to expand for example this expression

$$(\cos (\theta ) dr-r d\theta \sin (\theta ))\wedge (\sin (\theta ) dr+r d\theta \cos (\theta ))$$

into what is should be, that is

$$r dr\wedge d\theta \, ?$$

For your convenience:

(Cos[θ] Dt[r] - r Dt[θ] Sin[θ])\[Wedge](r Cos[θ] Dt[θ] + Dt[r] Sin[θ])
  • $\begingroup$ Unfortunately, Wedge has no built-in meaning in Mathematica. $\endgroup$
    – march
    Oct 2, 2017 at 21:48
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Yes, that's the first detail in Wedge's documentation page: "Wedge[x,y,[Ellipsis]] has no built-in meaning." Wedge is there to allow you define your own favorite wedge product, of which there are many. TensorWedge is a tensorial operation. $\endgroup$ Oct 3, 2017 at 5:55

1 Answer 1


One idea is to use TensorReduce. I will assume that r is real, and that Dt[r] and Dt[θ] are symbolic vectors:

$Assumptions = r ∈ Reals && (Dt[r]|Dt[θ]) ∈ Vectors[{d}];

Then, we can use Simplify + TensorReduce:

Simplify @ TensorReduce[
    TensorWedge[Cos[θ] Dt[r]-r Dt[θ] Sin[θ], r Cos[θ] Dt[θ]+Dt[r] Sin[θ]]
r Dt[r] \[TensorWedge] Dt[θ]

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