# Simplify integral with piecewise expression

How can I simplify this integral?

Integrate[Piecewise[{{c[x], 0 <= x <= 1/2}, {0, True}}], {x, 0, 1}]


I think it should be the same as

Integrate[c[x], {x, 0, 1/2}]


Thanks

I can't think of an easy way to just Simplify a Piecewise integral. But here's something that might achieve what you're looking for (in a hopefully more general setting).

Define a "piecewise integral" function:

pIntegrate[p_, {var_, min_, max_}] :=
Module[{funranges =
SortBy[{#[], Sort@Cases[#[], _?NumberQ]} & /@ p[var][], Mean[#[]] &]},

(* Turn "x < a" into "-Infinity < x < a" *)
If[Length[funranges[[1, 2]]] == 1, funranges[[1, 2]] = {-Infinity, funranges[[1, 2, 1]]}];
If[Length[funranges[[-1, 2]]] == 1, funranges[[-1, 2]] = {funranges[[-1, 2, 1]], Infinity}];

(* Only want the pieces of the function that are defined between the
limits of integration *)
funranges = Select[funranges, Or @@ IntervalMemberQ[Interval[{min, max}], #[]] &];
funranges[[;; , 2]] = Sort[Join[{min, max}, #[]], Less][[{2, 3}]] & /@ funranges;

(* Integrate the pieces and return their sum *)
Total[Integrate[#[], Flatten[{var, #[]}]] & /@ funranges]
]


Then applying it to your example:

f[x_] := Piecewise[{{c[x], 0 <= x <= 1/2}, {0, True}}]

pIntegrate[f, {x, 0, 1}] But it can also do more complicated things. Suppose f has many pieces, which overhang the limits of integration in odd ways (and that the pieces aren't even presented in the right order):

f[x_] := Piecewise[{{a[x], 0 <= x < 1/2}, {c[x], x >= 1}, {b[x], 1/2 <= x < 1},
{d[x], x < 0}, {0, True}}]

pIntegrate[f, {x, -5, 0.75}] (Sadly, the output is reordered according to Mathematica's whim -- function names? -- and not according to the integration limits of the pieces. But I think there's little that can be done about that.)

I'm sure there must be a cleaner, more concise way of doing this. Also, it would be nice to be able to set the options for Integrate through pIntegrate. But it works, and perhaps it will inspire someone to do it improve on it.

• You might be interested in InternalFromPiecewise[]. – J. M.'s discontentment Aug 17 '17 at 2:30
• @J.M. Interesting. For functions of one variable it seems to be functionally equivalent to Reverse@Transpose[f[x][]]` (but includes the default case). I suspect my way would fall apart fairly quickly for two or more variables. – aardvark2012 Aug 17 '17 at 2:39
• Pretty much. Using it would definitely simplify your code. – J. M.'s discontentment Aug 17 '17 at 12:33