# change function name based on argument name (Replacement Rules)

I am looking for replacement rules that will accomplish the following:

• If the variable name of the function contains "p", append "aa" to the function name
• If the variable name of the function does not contain "p", append "bb" to the function name

Here are some examples

myfun1[x1] ==> myfun1bb[x1]
myfun2[x1p] ==> myfun2aa[x1p]
myfun3[x4p] ==> myfun4aa[x4p]

Any help is greatly appreciated!

• May I ask why? :P Mixing up the name of a variable/function and the value of a variable/function is not usually considered good practice. Aug 4, 2017 at 22:27
• Will you only consider symbols as arguments, or can they be numbers, or expressions, or... Aug 4, 2017 at 22:28
• @MariusLadegårdMeyer Thanks for your comments, I will only use symbols as arguments. The reason why I am doing this is that I have a long expression (>1000 terms) which I need to integrate over (it is a multi dimensional integration). It happens that the individual parts can be integrated analytically, but the integral depends in on the symbolic variable (it makes a difference on whether we are integrating over x1 or x1p). Mathematica can sovle these integrals but it is rather slow. Aug 6, 2017 at 14:37
• I have therefore saved the analytically integrated parts in the variables myfun1bb and myfun2aa. So after the replacement the result is the correctly integrated function. But maybe I overlooked a simpler way of achieving this... Aug 6, 2017 at 14:41

Convert to strings and then back to a symbol.

rule = fun_[arg_] :> Module[
{
funString = ToString[fun],
argString = ToString[arg]
},
If[
StringMatchQ[argString, ___ ~~ "p" ~~ ___],
funString = funString <> "aa",
funString = funString <> "bb"
];
ToExpression[funString <> "[" <> argString <> "]"]
];


Now test it on the two cases.

myfun[x1] /. rule
(* myfunbb[x1] *)

myfun[x1p] /. rule
(* myfunaa[x1p] *)

• This worked perfectly for what I was trying to do! Thanks so much Aug 7, 2017 at 12:55

I answer this with the caveat that I share Marius's puzzlement at why you have to do this. Nevertheless:

Operate[Function[x, Symbol[ToString[#] <>
If[StringFreeQ[ToString[x], "p"], "bb", "aa"]][x]] &,
myfun1[x1]]
myfun1bb[x1]

Operate[Function[x, Symbol[ToString[#] <>
If[StringFreeQ[ToString[x], "p"], "bb", "aa"]][x]] &,
myfun3[x4p]]
myfun3aa[x4p]

f1 = # /. h_[x__] :> If[And @@ StringFreeQ[ToString /@ {x}, "p"],
Symbol[SymbolName[h] <> "bb"], Symbol[SymbolName[h] <> "aa"]][ x] &;

f1 /@ {myfun1[x1], myfun2[x1p], myfun3[x1, x2, x3p], myfun4[x1, x2, xyz[pqrs]]}


{myfun1bb[x1], myfun2aa[x1p], myfun3aa[x1, x2, x3p], myfun4aa[x1, x2, xyz[pqrs]]}

Or, using Replace

f2 = Replace[#, h_[x__] :> If[And @@ StringFreeQ[ToString /@ {x}, "p"],
Symbol[SymbolName[h] <> "bb"], Symbol[SymbolName[h] <> "aa"]][x]] &;


Now that we have some clarification in the comments, I would propose a simple wrapper-type definition:

myfun1[arg_] := If[StringFreeQ[SymbolName[arg], "p"], myfun1bb[arg], myfun1aa[arg]]


Do you need it to be more complicated than this?

• Thanks for providing this answer, unfortunately it doesn't quite fit in my case since I can't redefine the function myfun1. I do need it later on in the calculations (together with the integrated function). Basically I get this very long sum of terms containing myfuns and need to integrate it. Afterwards I need access to the original sum of terms and to the integrated sum of terms. Aug 7, 2017 at 3:35
• Hmm, but thinking of it, I could make a copy of the long expression, replace all the occurances of myfun with myfuntemp and then use your approach. So it would work. I will evaluate the different answers more closely tomorrow. Thanks. Aug 7, 2017 at 3:36