Is it posible to define a multivariate function where the number of indipendent variables is not fixed?

For simulation reasons I have to change the dimensionality (and also the definition) of my function making it to be:

$f(x_0,x_1, \ldots, x_k)$ where $k$ can change.

My function is:

$$f(x_0,x_1, \ldots, x_k)= \sum_{d=0}^{d=k} x_d\,d\,u(d)$$

  • $\begingroup$ Yes, it is, but it sounds like to want a list as input. $\endgroup$
    – Szabolcs
    May 13, 2017 at 9:56

2 Answers 2


In addition to the possible solution Sumit offers, you can also define functions to take variable numbers of arguments directly:

f[xs___] := Dot[{xs},{xs}]
{f[1,2,3], f[1], f[]}

{14, 1, 0}

Usually, I turn these into a list like this so that you can use functions like Length on them:

f[xsSeq___] := With[
  {xs = {xsSeq}},

Here are a few pieces of relevant documentation:


with a[n] being a predefined function

f[x_List] := Module[{n}, n = Length[x];
             Sum[1/i a[i] x[[i]], {i, n}]]

f[{x1, x2, x3}]

x1 a[1] + 1/2 x2 a[2] + 1/3 x3 a[3]

f[{q1, q2, q3, q4}]

q1 a[1] + 1/2 q2 a[2] + 1/3 q3 a[3] + 1/4 q4 a[4]


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