The new Visual Studio is out since a week and I tried to get it to work with Mathematica (versions 11.0 and 11.1). However, the usual tricks for working with a new VS version fail here.
Related seems to be the remark made on Microsoft's MSDN blog:
Since we have removed the VS150COMNTOOLS registry key to support the new world where multiple VS instances of the same product can be installed side-by-side on the same machine, we know that many build systems and tools have relied on this in the past and the new options are not an identical replacement. We are actively working with library developers and others with builds that depend on the VC++ compiler tools, and we are open to further feedback to help refine and improve upon the solutions mentioned above. Please share any feedback you have in the comments or feel free to send more detailed suggestions to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Anyone tried VS 2017 and succeeded in getting it to work with