Is there a function which turns optimized expression to C code?


Experimental`OptimizeExpression[ Sin[x] + Cos[Sin[x]]]


          Compile`$1 = Sin[x];
          Cos[Compile`$1] + Compile`$1]]

I would like to turn this to C code

float $1 = sin(x);
return cos($1) + $1;

Is there an easy way to do this? Or do I have to write the conversion myself?


So since I need it, I wrote the function myself. It is a little bit hackish approach, but it solves my problem. So any comment and suggestions for improvement are welcome.

OptimizeExpressionToC[expr_] := 
  Module[ {optimizedExpr, mainExpr, n, m, defs, output},
   optimizedExpr = Experimental`OptimizeExpression[expr];
   n = Length[optimizedExpr[[1, 1]]];
   mainExpr = Flatten@{optimizedExpr[[1, 2, n + 1]]};
   m = Length[mainExpr];

   defs  = 
    Table[ "Real " <>   
            ToString@CForm@optimizedExpr[[1, 2, i, 1]]  <>  
           " = " <>
            ToString@CForm@optimizedExpr[[1, 2, i, 2]] <>
            {i, 1, n}];

   output = 
    Table[ "out[" <>
            ToString[i - 1] <>              
           "] = " <>
            ToString@CForm@mainExpr[[i]] <>     
           {i, 1, m}];
   Join[defs, output]


OptimizeExpressionToC[{Sin[x] + Cos[Sin[x]] + x y, x y}] 


{"Real Compile_$32 = Sin(x);",
 "Real Compile_$31 = x*y;", 
 "out[0] = Compile_$31 + Compile_$32 + Cos(Compile_$32);",
 "out[1] = Compile_$31;"}
| improve this answer | |
  • $\begingroup$ There's the SymbolicC package. You can construct a symbolic representation of the C code and convert it to a C code string in one go. The advantage is that the symbolic representation is a Mathematica expression, so you can use all the standard expression manipulation techniques up to the point where you decide to convert to a string. Will it be easier here than your approach? I do not know. It might be, but I'm not sure. Just wanted to let you know about this. $\endgroup$ – Szabolcs Oct 20 '16 at 22:12
  • $\begingroup$ I strongly suspect that there is some mechanism in Mathematica that already does the conversion to symbolic C automatically. But I don't know where it is and how to use it. It is internal stuff. $\endgroup$ – Szabolcs Oct 20 '16 at 22:14
  • $\begingroup$ I'm aware of SumbolicC package, but I could not figure out how it can help me in this situation. $\endgroup$ – tom Oct 22 '16 at 15:06

Not an answer but possibly a starting point.

You could try the CCodeGenerator package along the lines of:

out = Compile[{{x, _Real}}, Sin[x] + Cos[Sin[x]], 
              CompilationOptions -> {"ExpressionOptimization" -> True}]


CCodeStringGenerate[out , "test"]

will produce C code.

| improve this answer | |
  • $\begingroup$ Yeah, In this example the generated C code is quite nice, but take for example a simple expression x^3 and generate C code for it and you get something completely unreadable. $\endgroup$ – tom Oct 20 '16 at 9:59
  • $\begingroup$ @tom Try with out = Compile[{{x, _Real}}, x x x, CompilationOptions -> {"ExpressionOptimization" -> True}]; the output looks very reasonable. $\endgroup$ – b.gates.you.know.what Oct 20 '16 at 13:17
  • $\begingroup$ x^3 was just a toy example. I have an expression which is long over 9000 of lines of code which I need to convert to C code. I do not have the time to change the form of this expression such that CCodeStringGenerate would give me easily modifiable code. $\endgroup$ – tom Oct 20 '16 at 13:57

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