I have a list of the type list={1,2...,n,n+1,...,2n,2n+1,...,3n,..} and I want to create a new list with the sum of certain elements of the list, in the way newlist = {1+(n+1)+(2n+1)...,2+(2n+1)+(3n+1)...}, for example:

list = {1,2,3,4,5,1,2,3,4,5,1,2,3,4,5}, newlist={1+1+1,2+2+2,3+3+3,4+4+4,5+5+5},

I tried using listnew1=Table[Take[list[[i,1]],{i,1,n}], listnew2=Table[Take[list[[i,1]],{i,n+1,2n}] and so on, and then

total=listnew1+listnew2 +...

the problem comes for a several listnew (in my case around 1000)

is there a way to this in mathematica automatically? Thanks for the help,

  • $\begingroup$ So you have a list of length $k\cdot n$ and want to sum every $n$th element to produce a list of $k$ such sums? $\endgroup$ – corey979 Sep 8 '16 at 17:09
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ If it's every fifth element, then Total@Partition[list, 5]. If it's every nth element, then Total@Partition[list, n]. $\endgroup$ – march Sep 8 '16 at 17:13

If it's every nth element, then

Total@Partition[list, n]

works. For example:

lst = Array[a, 12]
Total@Partition[lst, 4]
(* {a[1], a[2], a[3], a[4], a[5], a[6], a[7], a[8], a[9], a[10], a[11], a[12]}
(* {a[1] + a[5] + a[9], a[2] + a[6] + a[10], a[3] + a[7] + a[11], a[4] + a[8] + a[12]} *)

Less elegantly, using Table and Sum:

With[{n = 4},
  Table[Sum[lst[[jj + kk]], {kk, 1, Length@lst, n}], {jj, 0, n - 1}]

A different approach might be

n = 3;
Total /@ Table[list[[i ;; -1 ;; n]], {i, 1, n}]

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