I need to delete images that are all or mostly white, here's a sample of them:

enter image description here

Here is my my code finds, my code is not very accurate nor efficient:

WhiteQ[img_] := ColorDistance[DominantColors[img, 1], White][[1]] < 0.2
fimgs = Map[
  Framed[#, FrameStyle -> If[WhiteQ[#], {Thick, Red}, White]] &, 
Magnify[Grid[Partition[fimgs, 10], Dividers -> All], 0.5]

enter image description here

  • $\begingroup$ Perhaps define "mostly", and provide some images to play with? $\endgroup$ – MarcoB Jun 14 '16 at 18:14
  • $\begingroup$ Sure, maybe 97% of area is white, it doesn't have to be exactly. And whats the easiest way that can I provide the images? $\endgroup$ – M.R. Jun 14 '16 at 18:27
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    $\begingroup$ With the Wolfram Cloud, I put the images into Databin 'dsNFr2og'. wolfr.am/dsNFr2og $\endgroup$ – M.R. Jun 14 '16 at 20:18
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    $\begingroup$ @MarcoB The permissions on the databin is public, can you access it? $\endgroup$ – M.R. Jun 14 '16 at 21:26
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    $\begingroup$ Please edit your question to include the Databin link. $\endgroup$ – J. M. will be back soon Jun 14 '16 at 23:11

This seems pretty fast (it takes roughly 0.08s on your set of images):

images = Normal@Databin["dsNFr2og"];

Total[#, 2] & /@ ImageData /@ Binarize /@ images;
% / (Times @@ ImageDimensions[images[[1]]]) // N;
Extract[images, Position[%, p_ /; p < 0.5]]

Mathematica graphics

Adjust the 0.5 threshold to your liking to retain more or fewer images. (Thanks nikie for the suggestion to replace Count with Total!).

Using a fixed threshold for Binarize also leads to a significant speedup:

Total[#, 2] & /@ ImageData /@ (Binarize[#, 0.9] & /@ images); // RepeatedTiming
(* Out: {0.016, Null} *)

Mathematica graphics

  • $\begingroup$ That "0.1" seem to not include that import and export? $\endgroup$ – yode Jun 14 '16 at 23:49
  • $\begingroup$ @yode sure, but OP already has those images imported. I think it's the processing that took time. $\endgroup$ – MarcoB Jun 15 '16 at 1:30
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    $\begingroup$ If you replace Count[1] with Total (should be the same for binary images?), and if you used a fixed threshold for Binarize, you can get that down to about .01s $\endgroup$ – Niki Estner Jun 15 '16 at 6:58
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    $\begingroup$ @nikie That's a very good point about Total; I'll make the change; additionally, using the second argument of Total removes the need for Flatten as well, and it saves a few ms more. A fixed threshold for Binarize is faster, but the default adaptive algorithm seems to give better results (more uniform color blocks in the B&W images). On that point, I'll leave it up to OP to choose which one is more important to him, speed or accuracy. $\endgroup$ – MarcoB Jun 15 '16 at 15:01

I suppose all your images to process is in a certain same local fold and they are a same format.In this solution,I give a example that they are all ".png".Of course they can be ".tiff",".jpg" or other something.Let simulate your real case

images = Normal@Databin["dsNFr2og"];
   FileNameJoin[{Directory[], "testFold", 
      RandomWord[Language -> "English"]}] <> ".png", #] & /@ images;

Start to process,I make a custom function for this.

DeleteWihtePicture[fold_, threshold_] := 
 Module[{count = 0}, SetDirectory[fold];
  Do[If[ImageMeasurements[ChanVeseBinarize[#, White], "Total"]/
        Times @@ ImageDimensions[#] &[
      First@Image`ImportExportDump`ImageReadPNG[img]] > threshold, 
    DeleteFile[img]; count++], {img, FileNames[]}]; 
  Print[TemplateApply["You have deleted `` white picture", count]]

Let's give a try.

 DeleteWihtePicture[FileNameJoin[{Directory[], "testFold"}], .6]]

You have deleted 35 white picture


Then you will get


I don't like these filenames,because they may include some nouns that you don't like. But don't mind that.For the efficiency,I use ImportExportDump`ImageReadPNG.You can replace First@Image`ImportExportDump`ImageReadPNG with Import for any image format.In my PC(i7-6500U),the time will increase to 1.28.BTW,you can find those specific function which can help to speed up by


It is @MarcoB's contribution in this answer,which makes me deeply impressed.Hope this can help.

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    $\begingroup$ "I don't like these filenames,because it can be include some nouns that you don't like." - neither do I; what the hell is an insecticide doing in there?! :P $\endgroup$ – J. M. will be back soon Jun 15 '16 at 5:53
  • $\begingroup$ @J.M. Ok.I have killed those pests. :) $\endgroup$ – yode Jun 15 '16 at 6:41

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