I need to plot a confidence band around a curve in Mathematica, similarly to what done with r in the image below (from here).

enter image description here

What is the best way to do it? My code is simply

SetOptions[Plot, BaseStyle -> {FontFamily -> "Times", FontSize -> 14}];
Plot[Sin[2 x], {x, 0, Pi/3}, Frame -> True, Axes -> False, 
 LabelStyle -> Opacity[0]]

and the resulting curve is also shown below.

enter image description here

  • 3
    $\begingroup$ How is your interval defined? By an offset? Please elaborate. $\endgroup$ – Yves Klett May 3 '16 at 8:42
  • $\begingroup$ Take a look at the documentation of my resource function BayesianLinearRegression. It has a number of these types of plots. $\endgroup$ – Sjoerd Smit Dec 27 '20 at 13:32

In V.12 this functionality has been finally automated with Around and IntervalMarkers. The code is as simple as that (@JimB's correct band procedure can be incorporated as well).

list = Table[Around[Sin[2 x], 0.2], {x, 0, Pi/3, Pi/3/20}];

ListLinePlot[list, IntervalMarkers -> "Bands", PlotRange -> 1.5]

enter image description here

ListPlot[list, IntervalMarkers -> "Bars", PlotRange -> 1.5]

enter image description here


Your figure with the "band" shows a 95% prediction band and not a 95% confidence band. In Mathematica lingo you need to decide on whether you want a SinglePredictionBand or a MeanPredictionBand, respectively. (And the one you show is not appropriate given the change in variance from low predictor values to high predictor values.)

Here is an example for obtaining both types of bands:

n = 100;
x = Table[(π/3) i/n, {i, n}];
y = Sin[2 x] + RandomVariate[NormalDistribution[0, 0.2], n];
data = Transpose[{x, y}];
nlm = NonlinearModelFit[data, a + Sin[b t], {{a, 0}, {b, 2}}, t];
 Plot[{nlm[t], nlm["SinglePredictionBands"], 
   nlm["MeanPredictionBands"]}, {t, 0, π/3}, 
  Filling -> {2 -> {1}, 3 -> {1}}], Frame -> True, 
 AxesOrigin -> {0, -0.5}, ImageSize -> Large]

Confidence and prediction bands


Something like this,

confidenceinterval = .2;
Plot[{Sin[2 x],
  Sin[2 x] + .5 confidenceinterval,
  Sin[2 x] - .5 confidenceinterval},
 {x, 0, Pi/3},
 Filling -> {3 -> {2}},
 FillingStyle -> Directive[Opacity[.3], Pink],
 PlotStyle -> {Automatic, None, None}]

enter image description here

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Sorry, @JasonB. I have no confidence in this answer. If there's data involved, the width of the band won't be constant. $\endgroup$ – JimB May 3 '16 at 20:09
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ @JimBaldwin Your sermons are appreciated, I pretend no knowledge of statistics, I just viewed the question as "how can I make this pretty plot with a pink stripe and blue line down the middle?" $\endgroup$ – Jason B. May 3 '16 at 20:15
  • $\begingroup$ I figured as much. But I just couldn't resist the opportunity. $\endgroup$ – JimB May 3 '16 at 20:20

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