I have a set of points and I like to compute the (pairwise) euclidian distance for those points. The set has a form like this:

pts = {{1, 1}, {1, 2}, {3, 3}, {4, 5}}

I need the output as a matrix, because I like to use it for a weighted graph. I noticed that there is a function called DistanceMatrix[], however my Version doesn't support it. Is there a easy way using the EuclideanDistance[] function ?

  • $\begingroup$ Given the size of my of my set speed is not an issue. Sorry I edit my question. $\endgroup$ – Peanut Mar 1 '16 at 10:07

There are a number of ways to get (symmetric) distance matrix, e.g

Outer[EuclideanDistance, pts, pts, 1]
Partition[EuclideanDistance @@@ Tuples[{pts, pts}], 4]

enter image description here

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  • $\begingroup$ Whenever I see your post, I try to pronounce your username as ubiquitin, as in the protein $\endgroup$ – Jason B. Mar 1 '16 at 10:20
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    $\begingroup$ @JasonB it is an ambigram: rotational symmetry (rotation by $\pi$)- my tiny homage to frugal typograph: only need u and b...:) $\endgroup$ – ubpdqn Mar 1 '16 at 10:26


pts = {{1, 1}, {1, 2}, {3, 3}, {4, 5}};  
Outer[EuclideanDistance, pts, pts] // MatrixForm


output example






List Manipulation

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    $\begingroup$ You should add a 1 as the fourth argument to Outer so that you have a matrix as the output rather than a Tensor. As it is you are taking the distance between points on the number line (I think) like EuclideanDistance[{1}, {3}] $\endgroup$ – Jason B. Mar 1 '16 at 10:14
  • $\begingroup$ @JasonB read your comment after posted my answer...oh well $\endgroup$ – ubpdqn Mar 1 '16 at 10:17
  • $\begingroup$ @JasonB please feel free to edit the post as you find necessary. Your insight is appreciated. $\endgroup$ – e.doroskevic Mar 1 '16 at 10:18
  • $\begingroup$ @Artes, you deleted your comment so maybe you won't see this. Sorry if my reply came off as harsh, would you care to discuss it in the chat room? $\endgroup$ – Jason B. Mar 1 '16 at 10:53

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