Get position in list of the first element with a certain property

Consider a toy list

l = {x[2],x[32],x[43],x[56],x[72]};


I would like to find the position of the first element within this list, for which x[y] is such that y>N where N is a positive integer that I will specify. In case if N is bigger than any label of any x[y], then the result should be zero. So for example:

getPos[l,35]


3

getPos[l,60]


5

getPos[l,80]


0

How can I do that in an efficient manner?

• Maybe I don't understand the question but FirstPosition? – unlikely Feb 22 '16 at 23:10
• Beware of things like x[n_] := 3; l = {x[2],x[32],x[43],x[56],x[72]}; – Dr. belisarius Feb 22 '16 at 23:13

p[n_] := First@FirstPosition[l, x[k_] /; k >= n, {0}]

getPos[l_List,myN_Integer]:=FirstPosition[l,x[qq_Integer] /; qq > myN,{0}][[1]]

• Better to use n than N. – bbgodfrey Feb 22 '16 at 23:16