Fitting data with unique variable per measurement

Imagine we are in the following situation, we have a nonlinear system of functions $f$ with coördinates $x_i$, and unknown parameters $\delta_i$'s and $t$. Let this system be defined as,

\begin{eqnarray*} f_1(x_{1},x_{2},...,x_{n})=y_1 \\ f_2(x'_{1},x'_{2},...,x'_{n})=y_2 \\ f_3(x''_{1},x''_{2},...,x''_{n})=y_3 \end{eqnarray*}

Now for every data entry (measurement to the functions) we collect the known coördinates $x_i,x'_i$ and $x''_i$, the known function values $y_1, y_2$ and $y_3$.

The goal is to find values for the $\delta_i$'s and $t$'s that best fit de data. It is of note to mention that the values of $t$ are specific to a measurement, thus for a dataset containing $n$ measurements one would need to find a $t$ for each measurement ($n$ in total).

Let me elaborate via the following example. We have a function $f$ as below, where $A$ and $\xi$ are unknown parameters, where $A$ plays the role of the $\delta_i$'s and $\xi$ that of the parameter $t$. Furthermore, $\mu_i$ and $\sigma_i$ are the given coördinates.

f[A_, μ_, σ_, x_] := A^2 E^(-((x - μ)^2/(2 σ^2)))

A = 2;
{μ1, μ2, μ3} = RandomReal[{-5, 5}, 3];
{σ1, σ2, σ3} = RandomReal[{2, 5}, 3];

ξ = RandomReal[{-5, 5}];

y1 = f[A, μ1, σ1, ξ] + .1 RandomReal[{-1, 1}];
y2 = f[A, μ2, σ2, ξ] + .1 RandomReal[{-1, 1}];
y3 = f[A, μ3, σ3, ξ] + .1 RandomReal[{-1, 1}];

Show[
Plot[{
f[A, μ1, σ1, x],
f[A, μ2, σ2, x],
f[A, μ3, σ3, x]}, {x, -7.5, 7.5}, PlotRange -> All],
ListPlot[{
{{ξ, y1}},
{{ξ, y2}},
{{ξ, y3}}}]
] A data entry would look like this,

{{1, id, μ1, σ1, μ2, σ2, μ3, σ3, y1},
{2, id, μ1, σ1, μ2, σ2, μ3, σ3, y2},
{3, id, μ1, σ1, μ2, σ2, μ3, σ3, y3}, ... }

Where the first element identifies with the function $f_1, f_2$ or $f_3$, and the second element is used as ID for a specific measurement, because the values of $y_i$ are simultaneously found for a measurement (they have equal $t$) and thus should be grouped, in this case by an ID for the measurement.

Now make some test data,

make[n_] :=
Module[{l1, l2, id, ξ, A, f, μ1, σ1, μ2, σ2, μ3, σ3, y1, y2, y3},

f[A_, μ_, σ_, x_] := A^2 E^(-((x - μ)^2/(2 σ^2)));
A = 2;
l1 = {}; l2 = {};

Do[
{μ1, μ2, μ3} = RandomReal[{-5, 5}, 3];
{σ1, σ2, σ3} = RandomReal[{2, 5}, 3];

ξ[id] = RandomReal[{-5, 5}];

y1 = f[A, μ1, σ1, ξ[id]] + .1 RandomReal[{-1, 1}];
y2 = f[A, μ2, σ2, ξ[id]] + .1 RandomReal[{-1, 1}];
y3 = f[A, μ3, σ3, ξ[id]] + .1 RandomReal[{-1, 1}];

AppendTo[l1, {
{1, id, μ1, σ1, μ2, σ2, μ3, σ3, y1},
{2, id, μ1, σ1, μ2, σ2, μ3, σ3, y2},
{3, id, μ1, σ1, μ2, σ2, μ3, σ3, y3}}];

AppendTo[l2, {i, ξ[id]}];, {id, n}];

{Flatten[l1, 1], l2}]

{data, ξlist} = make;

The Question

Given this example one would like find all values of ξ[id] given the measurement ID (so recreate the ξlist list), and find $A\approx2$ by means of a fit to the function f as used to create the data.

I have been trying to use NonlinearModelFit[] with this answer that dealt with fitting for multiple functions simultaneously. This would work if ξ[id] was constant for all measurements, but it is not.

EDIT

Apparently I solved my problem without me knowing, I used the "ParametersTable" option in the nlm but that does not seem to work, which got me confused for a while. Anyway here is the code that worked for me,

fitmodel[set_, id_, μ1_, σ1_, μ2_, σ2_, μ3_, σ3_, A_, x_]:=Which[
set == 1, f[A, μ1, σ1, x],
set == 2, f[A, μ2, σ2, x],
set == 3, f[A, μ3, σ3, x]]

fitmodel2[set_, id_, μ1_, σ1_, μ2_, σ2_, μ3_, σ3_, A_]:=fitmodel[set, id, μ1, σ1, μ2, σ2, μ3, σ3, A, t[Round[id]]]

parm = Flatten[Append[{A}, Table[t[i], {i, 100}]]];
nlm = NonlinearModelFit[data, fitmodel2[set, id, μ1, σ1, μ2, σ2, μ3, σ3, A], parm, {set, id, μ1, σ1, μ2, σ2, μ3, σ3}];

nlm["BestFitParameters"] // TableForm

The only question that remains is how to find the parameter errors, but that should be relatively easy. I'll update when I have a way of finding them.

Now the problem I am trying to solve is a bit more complicated than this, where $f_1, f_2$ and $f_3$ are not of the same form, and have more coördinates and parameters, but the general idea still applies.

I have been stuck on this for a while now, and any help would be greatly appreciated.

• The first AppendTo has an extra } at the end. But in any event, I'm having trouble following what model you're actually trying to fit. You call t a coordinate but it's unknown. I'd call that a parameter to be estimated. Also, it's not clear if the error structure of the model being fit is the same as the error structure used to generate data. In short, I think more clarity of the definition of the model is needed (which includes the parameters, coordinates, and the error structure). – JimB Jan 10 '16 at 21:22
• @JimBaldwin I rephrased my question, hopefully it is more neatly formatted this way. – user19218 Jan 10 '16 at 21:43
• I had to change your code to get parameter estimates. Specifically you generate 100 sets of 3 but your definition of parm only lists 25. Setting the 25 to 100 gets estimates as you describe. And while one of the ways to obtain standard errors would be to use nlm["ParameterErrors"], an error is produced stating "The estimated variance...is not a positive number." So I'm still a little suspicious as to how your model is formulated. If the number of parameters always increases with the sample size, then I still wonder if t would be best considered a random effect. – JimB Jan 11 '16 at 19:37