# Tag Info

32

Here's what I did back in pre-MMA6 times. I believe you can easily adapt this method to work with all the fancy commands that have been added since then. Someone proficient in CDF programming could also make the mask building process interactive with disks and polygons: one window shows the FFT, the user places shapes to hide unwanted features, and another ...

26

I think there are at least three elements to consider here: FourierTransform and Fourier, by default, output results in different forms Plotting Sin[x] UnitStep[x] is not the same as Sin[x] and behaves differently when used in conjunction with Fourier and FourierTransform Plot does not handle DiracDelta elegantly The signal processing form of the ...

26

This is how I would do this. Define frequencies and sampling rate precisely. Then use Periodogram because it takes SampleRate as an option and rescales frequency axis automatically. Read up Docs on Periodogram - see examples there. data = Table[{t, Sin[2 Pi 697 t] + Sin[2 Pi 1209 t]}, {t, 0., 0.1, 1/8000.}]; ListLinePlot[data, AspectRatio -> 1/4, ...

23

It looks like you need some basic facts on numerical Fourier transforms. I am going to assume that you are going from the time domain to the frequency domain. The number of points in the time domain equals the number of points in the frequency domain. As the data is sampled in the time domain i.e. is a set of equally spaced points, then in the frequency ...

22

img = Import["ExampleData/lena.tif"]; Image[img, ImageSize -> 300] data = ImageData[img];(*get data*) {nRow, nCol, nChannel} = Dimensions[data]; d = data[[All, All, 2]]; d = d*(-1)^Table[i + j, {i, nRow}, {j, nCol}]; fw = Fourier[d, FourierParameters -> {1, 1}]; (*adjust for better viewing as needed*) fudgeFactor = 100; abs = fudgeFactor*Log[1 + ...

22

The Fourier transform is defined as: $$H(f)=\int_{-\infty}^\infty h(t) e^{2\pi i f t}dt\\ h(t)=\int_{-\infty}^\infty H(f) e^{-2\pi i f t}df$$ where $h(t)$ is the signal, and $H(f)$ is it's Fourier transform, if $t$ is meassured in second, then $f$ is measured in Hz. The discrete Fourier transform is defined as: $$H_{f_j}=\frac{1}{N}\sum_{k}h_{t_k}e^{2\... 20 I appreciate very much, that you wrote up such a nicely formatted question, although this is your first post. Therefore, let's put the comments into an answer. Your first issue was that you used ( ) where you should have used [ ]. That's maybe not obvious for starters and I have seen this mistake very often. There are different types of braces and it's ... 18 There is the function NFourierTransform[] (as well as NInverseFourierTransform[]) implemented in the package FourierSeries`. The function, as with the related kernel functions, takes a FourierParameters option so you can adjust computations to your preferred normalization as needed. For your specific normalization, you apparently want the setting ... 18 The problem here is that Mathematica doesn't recognize {x, y, z} as some kind of a vector object that should be treated as grouped together; instead, it substitutes in three independent variables, and probably starts integrating them one by one. The result is a very complicated integral. If you do the coordinate transformation yourself, you can reproduce ... 18 Here's a possible starting point for a solution. It splits the sample list into chunks and measures the Norm of the sample Differences in each chunk, and then does the FFT on that data. bpmplot[snd_, bpmmax_: 300] := Module[{samples, minfreq, signal, fft}, samples = snd[[1, 1, 1]]; minfreq = snd[[1, 2]]/Length[samples]; signal = (Norm[Differences[#]]) &... 17 Based on the MATLAB documentation, it would appear that this is accomplished by simple zero-filling. As such, you can obtain the same result in Mathematica using Fourier[PadRight[list, n, 0.], FourierParameters -> {1, -1}] where list is your signal and n is the desired length. For a multidimensional FFT, replace n with {n1, n2, ...}, where n1, n2, &... 17 It always takes me a while to remember the best way to do a numerical Fourier transform in Mathematica (and I can't begin to figure out how to do that one analytically). So I like to first do a simple pulse so I can figure it out. I know the Fourier transform of a Gaussian pulse is a Gaussian, so pulse[t_] := Exp[-t^2] Cos[50 t] Now I set the timestep ... 16 So, you have a function F(x,y) = f_x(x)g_y(y) + g_x(x)f_y(y), and you want to recover f_x,g_y,g_x,f_y. If you've tabulated the values of F(x,y) in a matrix \mathbf F with entries f_{ij} = F(x_i,y_j), then this amounts to decomposing the matrix as$$\mathbf F \approx \mathbf f_x\mathbf g_y^T + \mathbf g_x\mathbf f_y^T,$$where \mathbf f_x,\mathbf ... 15 I think perhaps you need codes like this: Func[x_] := Sin[x]; tmin = 0; tmax = 10; \[CapitalDelta]t = (tmax - tmin)/100; tgrid = Table[t, {t, tmin, tmax, \[CapitalDelta]t}]; wgrid = RotateRight[(2 \[Pi])/(tmax - tmin)* Range[-((Length@tgrid - 1)/2), (Length@tgrid - 1)/2], ( Length@tgrid - 1)/2]; ListLogLogPlot[{wgrid, (tmax - tmin)/Sqrt[2 \[Pi]*... 15 As mentioned by @Rahul, you have not sampled your sine wave often enough and have introduced artifacts due to aliasing. The frequency of Sin[500 x]=Sin[2 Pi f x] is f=500/(2\pi), which is about 80 Hz. At least two samples per cycle are required to avoid aliasing, hence the default x interval of 1 in {x,0,100} must be reduced to less than about 1/(2*80)=... 15 Finally I found the most promising algorithm proposed in this really good reference Manuel Guizar-Sicairos and Julio C. GutiĆ©rrez-Vega, "Computation of quasi-discrete Hankel transforms of integer order for propagating optical wave fields," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 53-58 (2004). The authors call the algorithm pth-order quasi-discrete Hankel Transform (pQDHT) ... 14 I will take the data as a time history. First I assume that the x-values are equally spaced and work out the time increment and frequency increment and then plot the data. tinc = data[[2, 1]] - data[[1, 1]]; finc = 1/(tinc Length[data]); ListPlot[data] This looks like almost two cycles of a sine wave with a frequency of about 0.1 and an amplitude of 17. ... 14 I like @Vitaliy's answer, but here's another approach using Fourierinstead of Periodogram. time = 2; tinc = 0.001; sampls = Table[Sin[n*(2 Pi) 4], {n, 0, 2, tinc}]; nyquist = 1/(2 tinc) len = Length@sampls; ListLinePlot[Sqrt[4/len] Abs@Fourier[sampls], PlotRange -> {{0, 10}, All}, DataRange -> {0, (len - 1)/time}] Briefly, I construct a sample ... 14 Since you are using this as an excuse to learn to code in Mathematica, I'll try to help with that in mind. Sometimes I find it nice to design "from the top down", document from the top down, split in many small functions with no state, and go testing them "from the bottom up". As you gain confidence, you will perhaps use coarser functions, and not test every ... 14 First, I have a few improvement suggestions for your Fourier code: The bright vertical and horizontal lines you see in your Fourier image are the sharp gradients at the borders of the image (because the Fourier transform assumes a periodic image). So you should get rid of the black border at the bottom: img = Import["http://i.stack.imgur.com/bIUkE.png"]; ... 13 Fourier[list] computes the discrete Fourier transform of list. I assume it uses the FFT when it can. 13 It's not a bug, it's a feature Exact integration returns 1/Sqrt[2 Pi] Integrate[(1 + Sqrt[x])^2 Exp[I k x], {x, -Infinity, Infinity}, Assumptions -> {k \[Element] Reals}] Integrate::idiv: "Integral of E^(I\k\x)\ (1+[Sqrt]x)^2 does not converge on {-Infinity,Infinity}." However we can multiply by Exp[-b Abs[x]] and then put b -> 0 Limit[1/... 13 update Just to clean things up a bit, we can use the discussion here to make a couple functions that help extract the frequency data from this dataset. I define two functions findPeriod and reconstruct: Clear[findPeriod]; findPeriod[data_, threshold_] := Module[{fs, s1, s = {}, i, a0f, af, pf, pos, fr, frpos, fdata, fdatac, n, per}, n = Length[... 13 Looking at your plotted data you can see about 40 cycles of the dominant frequency, this tells you that the peak will appear somewhere around the 40th element of the DFT. That's in the region where your plot of the DFT is clipped, so it's no wonder you can't see the peak. Looking at the relevant part of the DFT you can see the peak quite clearly: ... 13 CUDALink allows you to write custom kernels but unfortunately it doesn't allow to use its CUDAMemory in other functions. I found two methods to deal with it. Documented method You can use LibraryLink and call CUDA functions as in a regular CUDA program. For example, you can write something like fourier.cu. Then you can compile it and load "fourier_single" ... 12 Fourier uses FFT when possible 12 If you take a look at the documentation, Mathematica's symbolic Fourier transform function, FourierTransform, computes$$\hat f(k) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}f(x)e^{ikx}\mathrm{d}x You can discretize some piece of this integral by limiting $x$ and $k$ to values $x_1 + (r-1)\Delta x$ and $(s-1)\Delta k$ respectively, where \$\Delta x\...

12

You could simply remove the vertical waves (e.g. by subtracting the median of each column) and histogram modification. Using @bill s's cropped image: img = Image[ ImageData[ ColorConvert[Import["http://i.stack.imgur.com/EvjuW.png"], "Grayscale"]][[;; , ;; , 1]]]; (* remove alpha channel *) columnMedian = Median[ImageData[img]]; medianRemoved = # ...

12

Here is an explicit way to calculate the frequency corresponding to each element of the output of the Fourier command. The frequencies will depend on two values: the sampling interval and the number of points in the data analysis. ssf = RotateRight[Range[-n/2, n/2 - 1]/(n sampInt), n/2]; where n is the number of points analyzed and sampInt is the time ...

12

I believe the frequency mismatch arises because the endpoints of your 200 point series are offset. The first point has amplitude 0.1, the last 1.5584. As others mention, the Fourier transform assumes periodicity. So the signal you are transforming has a sine component, a cosine component, and a step function offset of the first and last points. The Fourier ...

Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible