# Tag Info

40

Edit. I have produced an image which is "cleaner" looking than my original attempt, and the processing is faster too. As before we start by loading the images in order from darkest to brightest, and cropping away the artifacts from alignment. files = Reverse@FileNames["memorial*.png"]; images = ImagePad[Import[#], {{-2, -12}, {-35, -30}}] & /@ files; ...

38

A percolation network is just a kind of network, so I went in the direction of proposing a graph-theoretic approach. You seem to be measuring distances between nodes multiple times, but given the points don't move, you need only do it once: ed = Outer[EuclideanDistance, randPts, randPts, 1]; You can get the positions of the nodes you are trying to connect ...

38

For starters i tried an easy intuitive approach, namely, combining the best parts from each image adjusted for the different exposure times all into one HDR image. Let's start by importing all the images imageurls = "http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/" <> # & /@ {"0/09/StLouisArchMultExpEV-4.72.JPG/320px-StLouisArchMultExpEV-4....

36

This shows a way to parametrise a line using the method suggested by Rahul Narain in a comment, i.e. using Fourier to approximate the data with a set of sinusoids. I use Rationalize to convert all the reals back to rationals, this isn't necessary but it makes the expression look more like those used in Wolfram Alpha. param[x_, m_, t_] := Module[{f, n = ...

28

This now has been discussed in Wolfram blog posts by Michael Trott: Part 1: Making Formulas… for Everything — From Pi to the Pink Panther to Sir Isaac Newton Part 2: Using Formulas... for Everything — From Complex Analysis Class to Political Cartoons to Music Album Covers Here is one of the example apps from blog - go read it in full - fun! Don't miss the ...

25

Version 9 answer - use built-in functionality The symbols ImageCreateHDRI and ImageToneMapHDRI were present in version 8 but didn't seem to do anything. In version 9 there is functioning code behind them. This is all undocumented, and therefore liable to change before it is officially released, but here is what I've managed to dig up. ImageCreateHDRI ...

25

================= UPDATE ====================== Due to @halirutan comment I'll add a note on realism. First of all pure water and clouds are not the best subject to simulate reflecations because they have fractal structure - meaning they tend to appear the same on different magnification scales. So it is hard to give impression to a human eye of refraction ...

25

This is more of an add-on to Vitaliy's excellent answer, than a completely new approach. I wanted to try to simulate some of the image distortion that would be seen at the jar walls. A simple (though utterly wrong in a physics sense) way to do this is to make the demagnification vary according to the jar image intensity. Load a picture and the jar image, ...

22

As you said, essentially you need binary search, since you have a sorted list and binary search has a logarithmic complexity. However, since the limiting numbers may not be present in the list some numbers may be present more than once we'd need modified binary search. Here is a possible implementation: (* maximum number smaller than or equal to the ...

22

(I've been waiting for somebody to ask this question for months... :D ) Here's the Mathematica implementation of the Frobenius companion matrix approach discussed by Jim Wilkinson in his venerable book (for completeness and complete analogy with built-in functions, I provide these three): PolynomialEigenvalues[matCof : {__?MatrixQ}] := Module[{p = Length[...

22

Here I will attempt to provide a basic implementation of the random forest algorithm for classification. This is by no means fast and doesn't scale very well but otherwise is a nice classifier. I recommend reading Breiman and Cutler's page for information about random forests. The following are some helper functions that allow us to compute entropy and ...

22

Update: I have realized since writing this that the below algorithm is not exactly what Plot uses anymore. Given the reference in my reference, a book written by someone who knew Mathematica very well, I guess that the algorithm has been changed in more recent versions of Mathematica. The algorithm that Plot uses is explained in the link provided by ...

20

Update: I described an alternative approach based on built in plotting functions in this answer. That approach is not very practical here though because I need to be able to handle points at arbitrary positions while built in functions work with a rectangle-based mesh. I am still looking for improvements. I came up with this very naive approach and ...

20

Here's my version. I don't know how fast/slow it is compared to the other solutions, but at least is shortish. spiral[rlist_ /; Length[rlist] >= 2] := Module[{findCentre}, findCentre[zlist_] := Module[{coslst, theta, ind, k}, k = Length[zlist] + 1; coslst = Table[ With[{dist = N@Norm[zlist[[-1]] - zlist[[l]]]}, ((rlist[[k - 1]] ...

20

One can use CellularAutomaton and apply only one rule: do not allow 4 white cells together! ClearAll[f]; f@{{1, 1, _}, {1, _, _}, {_, _, _}} = 0; f@{{_, 1, 1}, {_, _, 1}, {_, _, _}} = 0; f@{{_, _, _}, {_, _, 1}, {_, 1, 1}} = 0; f@{{_, _, _}, {1, _, _}, {1, 1, _}} = 0; f@{_, {_, x_, _}, _} := If[Random[] < 0.1, 1, x]; Here 0 and 1 mark black and white ...

20

My answer is based on a modification of a binary heap. Basically the construction looks something like this. We start with a binary tree: Notice that if we label the nodes breadth-first, the labels have an interesting property. Each parent node $n$ has two children, $2n$ and $2n+1$. This also works in reverse: the parent of node $n$ is node $\left\... 19 Here is a hybrid recursive/StringReplaceList method. It builds a tree representing all possible splits. Now with a massive speed improvement thanks to Rojo's brilliance. elements = ToLowerCase @ Array[ElementData[#, "Symbol"] &, 112]; altelem = Alternatives @@ elements; f1[""] = Sequence[]; f1[s_String] := Block[{f1}, StringReplaceList[s, ... 19 This answer is going to be a bit of a sprawl. Please read on. I am going to present several methods of simulation, hopefully in increasing order of performance. Method 1 We can carry out the filling of seats, at least as I understand the puzzle, quite literally like this: fillseats[seats_List] := ReplacePart[seats, {{1}, {2}} + RandomChoice @ ... 19 I think the built-in function ArrayComponents is what you need: vec = {1, 4, 4, 8, 7, 7, 4}; ArrayComponents[vec] (* {1,2,2,3,4,4,2} *) mat = {{1, 4}, {2, 7}, {7, 2}, {9, 4}}; ArrayComponents[mat] (* {{1,2},{3,4},{4,3},{5,2}} *) raggedarray = RandomSample /@ (CharacterRange["a", "z"][[#]] & /@ Range[RandomSample[Range[5]]]) (* {{"a","b"}... 19 Wanna listen to a story? :) It was around 2002 when I finally became fed up with ParametricPlot3D[] and its inability to adaptively plot space curves. Recall that this was the old Graphics[] system where all the pictures were effectively done in PostScript. Thus, I set out to look for a way to adaptively plot curves in general. I was at the time very ... 18 Played with some image processing functions, get some rough procedure. Import the test image: img = Import["http://i.stack.imgur.com/H2Ksg.jpg"]; Do some gamma adjust to emphasize the edge: img // ImageAdjust[#, {0, 0, 5}] &; Draw rough edges: GradientFilter[%, 2, "NonMaxSuppression" -> True] // ImageAdjust Binarize and dilate it to form ... 18 Here's my take using NestList cm[n_] := NestList[# + 1 &, Join[Range[n/2 + 1], Reverse@Range[n/2]], n - 1] Then cm[11] Here's a FoldList version (just as fast): cmf[n_] := FoldList[#1 + #2 &, Join[Range[n/2 + 1], Reverse@Range[n/2]], ConstantArray[1, n - 1]] The above methods according to the benchmarks posted are already as ... 17 Let me add a few ideas, but be aware that this is unpolished code which was only hacked to show my points. I assume you have some kind of function$f(t;x_0,y_0,z_0)$which gives you a trajectory starting at the initial point$(x_0,y_0,z_0)$for$t=0$. I used$t$only for convenience. Your function should be parametrized by the arc-lenc if you want a defined ... 17 You can do: x[[2 ;; -2, 2 ;; -2]] = 0; x or ReplacePart[x, {i, j} -> 0 /; And @@ MapThread[Less, {{1, 1}, {i, j}, Dimensions@x}]] 17 Preface Below, you will find two different solutions. For understanding the problem itself, the first, iterative solution is better suited since it gives insight in how the solution can be found without directly executing the instructions given as input. Iterative Solution Detailed explanation To explain the idea behind this approach let us work with a ... 17 Below is given a solution derived with ILP combinatorial optimization: The total of the assigned values to the$5 \times 5$table is$61\$. I called in the comments this approach to be "brute force" because of the generation of a larger number of variables and conditions and pushing them to Maximize or LinearProgramming. Same approach was used for my answer ...

16

This is an incomplete answer; I will continue it tomorrow. Work In Progress: errors may abound. Preamble hat-tip to Leonid For the variations with custom test or ordering functions we can snoop on applications of that function to deduce the algorithm that is used. In the case of the default methods we must rely on observed complexity and guesswork ...

15

It might be easier to use TriangularSurfacePlot3D to find the Delaunay triangulation of the points. For example, Needs["ComputationalGeometry"]; triangles[points_] := Module[{pl}, pl = TriangularSurfacePlot[ArrayPad[points, {{0, 0}, {0, 1}}]]; Cases[pl, Polygon[a_] :> Flatten[(Position[points, #[[{1, 2}]]] & /@ a)], Infinity]] Graphics[...

15

I think Nearest[] is the most effective way. You don't even need to sort your data. a = RandomReal[1, 100]; nf = Nearest@a; xmin = 0.01; xmax = 0.6; x0 = (xmin + xmax)/2; dx = (xmax - xmin)/2; nf[x0, {\[Infinity], dx}] // Sort {0.0117819, 0.013102, 0.0177269, 0.0356801, 0.040019, 0.0504563, \ 0.0627056, 0.0749593, 0.0758206, 0.106541, 0.107941, 0.112281, \...

15

Here's my go at it. This tells you if two line segments intersect (unless they lie on the same line, in which case it fails horribly): ClearAll[segmentsIntersect]; segmentsIntersect[{a_, b_}, {p_, q_}] := Module[{s, t, soln}, soln = NSolve[a + t (b - a) == p + s (q - p), {s, t}]; If[Length@soln == 0, False, (0 <= s <= 1 && 0 <= t ...

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