Questions on trigonometric and hyperbolic functions, as well as their inverses, in Mathematica.

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22
votes
3answers
2k views

How to find the period of an arbitrary mathematical function?

Is there a function to find the period of an arbitrary (possibly complex) function in Mathematica?
17
votes
4answers
512 views

How do I introduce a new variable in a trigonometric equation?

I have the trigonometric equation \begin{equation*} \sin^8 x + 2\cos^8 x -\dfrac{1}{2}\cos^2 2x + 4\sin^2 x= 0. \end{equation*} By putting $t = \cos 2x$, I have \begin{equation*} \dfrac{3}{16} t^4+ ...
17
votes
2answers
707 views

ArcTan[0,0] numeric approximation

I've noticed that the numeric approximation of ArcTan is a bit different from the symbolic one. If I write ArcTan[0,0] I ...
15
votes
1answer
396 views

Speeding up trigonometric integral

Context On a possible non trivial toric topology for the Universe (nothing less!). Problem I would like to carry out the following integral for $\ell=2,4\cdots 20$. $$\int _0^{\pi }\int _0^{2 \pi ...
14
votes
2answers
680 views

Why do certain values in ArcSin not fully evaluate?

This is a continuation of: Why do certain fractional values in TriangleWave not evaluate? The analysis by R.M and rasher revealed that problem to reduce to the behavior of: ...
13
votes
2answers
47k views

Generate a Unit Circle Trigonometry

Struggling often with Trigonometry I would like to have some code to generate this Unit Circle Trigonometry. Would be of great help when I need to transform some data :
13
votes
2answers
582 views

Mathematica Sec and Csc

How can I prevent Mathematica from using the "old fashioned" functions "Sec" and "Csc"? In Germany these functions are "old fashioned" as they are not taught anymore at school.
11
votes
1answer
10k views

How to express trigonometric equation in terms of of given trigonometric function?

How can I express a trigonometric equation / identity in terms of a given trigonometric function? using following trigonometric identities ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Persistence length of a polymer chain

I'm trying to calculate the persistence length (Lp) of a polymer chain using Mathematica. The first and simplest method is to compare the EuclideanDistance between ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Why doesn't Mathematica expand Cos[x]^3 Sin[x]^2?

I found some examples of Mathematica's commands usage in an old manual but the program gives me different result than expected ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

How to expand tan(x+y) as normal form?

TrigExpand@Tan[x + y] gives $\frac{\sin (x) \cos (y)}{\cos (x) \cos (y)-\sin (x) \sin (y)}+\frac{\cos (x) \sin(y)}{\cos (x) \cos (y)-\sin (x) \sin (y)}$ but I ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I work with Root objects?

I want to solve the trigonometric equation : $$(3-\cos 4x )\cdot (\sin x - \cos x ) = 2.$$ I tried Solve[(3 - Cos[4*x])*(Sin[x] - Cos[x]) == 2, x] It returns the ...
8
votes
0answers
77 views

Simplifying trig expressions containing Sqrt or Abs

The following Maple code can simplify abs(sin(x)) into -sin(x) given the condition ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Checking if two trigonometric expressions are equal

Say I have two trigonometric expressions which are a bit complicated. Is there a quick way to check if they reduce to the same thing (that they are equal) using Mathematica? I was solving this: $y'' ...
7
votes
4answers
249 views

How to make Mathematica simplify $\cos[(i + j + k)\pi]$ to $(-1)^{i+j+k}$?

We know that: $$ \cos\left[(i+j+k)\pi\right] = (-1)^{i+j+k} $$ for $i, j, k$ being positive integers. In Mathematica I've tried: ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

Extract real part of a complex expression better than Re does

I have a complex expression with real positive variables only. Mathematica Input Style: ...
7
votes
2answers
226 views

How to automatically get rid of trig functions in an expression?

I have a large expression containing many terms like this: Sin[1/2 ArcTan[(2 Log[5])/(Log[5]^2 - 2)]] where a trig function is invoked on a rational multiple ...
6
votes
5answers
717 views

Trying to prove that $x\sin(\frac{\pi}{x})\ge\pi \cos(\frac{\pi}{x})$ for $x\ge 1$

Consider the function f[x_] := x Sin[Pi/x] I want to prove that this function is increasing for $x\ge 1$. This can be done with the first derivative. We have to ...
6
votes
2answers
157 views

ArcTan and Compile

See following three snippet code: ...
6
votes
1answer
191 views

Simplifying a trigonometric sum

I want to caculate Cos[θ] + Cos[2 θ]+ ... + Cos[n θ] Sum[Cos[k θ], {k, 1, n}] ...
5
votes
4answers
497 views

How to transform the result of this integral into powers of $\sin\,x$?

I want to calculate the integral $I = \displaystyle\int{\cos ^5 x\, \mathrm dx}$. Using the variable $t = \sin x$, I get $$I = \sin x - \frac{2}{3}\sin^3 x + \frac{1}{5}\sin^5 x + C.$$ With ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Solving a trig equation

I am trying to find an explicit solution to a trigonometric equation. It is running for a long time and I didn't get any result, but Maple solves it quickly. Why ? ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

ArcTan expressed as a radian fraction?

This type of answer is what I'm looking for: In[58]:= ArcTan @ 1 Out[58]= π/4 This is what mathematica gives me: ...
4
votes
4answers
574 views

Simplifying a trigonometric expression

I'm sure this has been addressed before, but I can't find it! I want Mathematica to simplify Sqrt[1 - Sin[π/6 - θ]^2] to ...
4
votes
4answers
463 views

Arcs of rotation for angles

How can I draw trigonometric angles of any radian measure associated with the unit circle, complete with the x-axis and y-axis? How can I draw arcs of rotation inside positive or negative angles? Is ...
4
votes
2answers
112 views

Why Refine does not simplify Cos[2*Pi*FractionalPart[1/2*(i + j + k)]] to $(-1)^{i+j+k}$?

I am obtaining in Mathematica: Cos[2*Pi*FractionalPart[1/2*(i + j + k)]] We know that for $i, j, k$ being positive integers this expression after simplification ...
4
votes
2answers
226 views

Both Sin[x]==0 && Cos[x]==0 as a solution

If I do FullSimplify[Reduce[Sin[p1] == 0 && Cos[p1] == 0, Reals]] I get Cos[p1] == 0 && Sin[p1] == 0 ...
4
votes
1answer
340 views

Solving trig identities in specific terms

How would you solve a problem like "write csc(x) in terms of sec(x)" in Mathematica? The best I can get is "True." http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/167935/write-cscx-in-terms-of-secx I'm ...
4
votes
1answer
204 views

How to check if a given expression is an “explicit algebraic number”?

The documentation for PossibleZeroQ says: With the setting Method...
4
votes
0answers
52 views

Transform an expression to remove the singularity

I have the expression Sin[c x]/c. Clearly it is undefined at $c=0$, but that is merely a removable singularity, since $$\frac{\sin(cx)}c=x\frac{\sin(cx)}{cx}= ...
3
votes
3answers
184 views

Speed up Eliminate

I have a set of trig equations, c1,c2,c3 are constants, I excepted the result is c1 c2 c3 r^2 + (c1^2 + c2^2 + c3^2 - 1) r + c1 c2 c3 == 0 but following code ...
3
votes
3answers
244 views

How to extract phase angle from sinusoid

I'm doing some electric circuit calcualtions and I'm trying to get the phasor representation of some arbitrary function of Sin or Cos. Could be complex like: ...
3
votes
2answers
119 views

Mathematica not recognising closed forms as specific values

I have a Mathematica program that outputs a piecewise function, and some parts of the expression are not being recognised as specific numbers when using ...
3
votes
2answers
409 views

Evaluating the integral of $\cos (\theta )\cos\left[\tan ^{-1}\left(\frac{a^2 \tan (\phi )}{b^2}\right)\right]$

I am trying to evalute the following integral: Integrate[Cos[θ] Cos[ArcTan[a^2/b^2 Tan[φ]]], {φ, 0, 2π}] I know that for $a=b$ I should get 0 out of the integral ...
2
votes
4answers
180 views

Redefine ArcCot to be inverse of range [0, Pi]

Mathematica implements ArcCot function as an inverse to Cot on range [-Pi/2, Pi/2]. I ...
2
votes
3answers
250 views

Problem with simplifying Sinc function

$Assumptions = x ∈ Reals && y ∈ Reals && a ∈ Reals && b ∈ Reals; These work: ...
2
votes
2answers
132 views

Trigonometry expansion of a product

The following command does what I want: ...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

Problem with Sinc[x] function and rounding

I seem to be having some trouble with the Sinc[x] function, and I think it's due to rounding, but I'm not sure. The code is below, with relevant constants: ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

Solve[Tan[theta] == (b*Sin[t])/(a*Cos[t]), theta] breaks when “Reals” is added?

Mathematica solves this equation fine: Solve[ Tan[theta] == (b*Sin[t])/(a*Cos[t]), theta] // InputForm ...
2
votes
2answers
281 views

How do I get the solutions of a cubic equation in trigonometric form?

I know $x^3-3 x+1=0$ has three roots that can be expressed in trigonometric form: $\{2\sin(10^\circ),\,-2\cos(20^\circ),\,2\cos(40^\circ)\}$. How can I get this result with Mathematica?
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Discard functions with wrong symmetry?

I have functions of x, where x is the polar angle of spherical coordinates, i.e. ...
1
vote
4answers
727 views

Solve trigonometric equation

I'm looking for a solution (graphic, numeric or analytic) for a function of the form: $$a^2\tanh(x)=\tan(ax),\quad a ≥ 1,\ x > 0$$ preferably using Mathematica. Any advice?
1
vote
2answers
135 views

Highlighting a single Period of a Trig Plot

How do I highlight a single period of a trig function say by using color and/or thickness when the graph itself extends further than just a single period? Thanks...Gregory Lane
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Get Cos[2 x] in “Solve”

My goal is to get an analytical solution of x ( $\lambda$ in the problem), when $\epsilon$ (f[x] in the problem) is maximum (use inverse form). I found that if I can use trigonometric identity ...
1
vote
1answer
323 views

How can I get Mathematica to write Log instead of ArcTan?

ArcTan really bothers me, so is there a way to make Mathematica write Logarithm instead of ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Fitting data using a series of Sin and Cos

I have the following data representing the normal displacement caused by a normal load applied at the middle cross section of a cylinder: I've made the data available here. I am trying to fit ...
1
vote
1answer
281 views

How can I factor my trigonometric equation?

The equation $$3\sin^2 x - 3\cos x -6\sin x + 2\sin 2x + 3=0$$ has a solution $x = 0$. That means it has a factor of $\cos x - 1$. I tried to write the given equation has the form $$(\cos x - ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Prevent FullSimplify from converting trigonometric expressions to exponential

There's an option for FullSimplify, which is Trig, and with it I could prevent a trigonometric identities from being used. I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
201 views

Mathematica's ArcTan function [duplicate]

I'm trying to calculate the angle made by a vector from two vector components but am having some trouble. The x-component has a magnitude of -2.7388321862151737*^10 and the y-component has a magnitude ...