Questions on trigonometric and hyperbolic functions, as well as their inverses, in Mathematica.

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19
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I work with Root objects?

I want to solve the trigonometric equation : $$(3-\cos 4x )\cdot (\sin x - \cos x ) = 2.$$ I tried Solve[(3 - Cos[4*x])*(Sin[x] - Cos[x]) == 2, x] It returns the ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

Mathematica Sec and Csc

How can I prevent Mathematica from using the "old fashioned" functions "Sec" and "Csc"? In Germany these functions are "old fashioned" as they are not taught anymore at school.
13
votes
5answers
1k views

Solve symbolically a transcendental trigonometric equation and plot its solutions

I currently have the equation below for a beam with a hinge at various locations, the variable a can vary between 0 and 0.5. $$ Tan\left( {a\sqrt \alpha } \right) + Tan\left\{ {\left( {1 - a} ...
13
votes
1answer
11k views

Extract real part of a complex expression better than Re does

I have a complex expression with real positive variables only. Mathematica Input Style: ...
1
vote
4answers
3k views

Solve trigonometric equation

I'm looking for a solution (graphic, numeric or analytic) for a function of the form: $$a^2\tanh(x)=\tan(ax),\quad a ≥ 1,\ x > 0$$ preferably using Mathematica. Any advice?
25
votes
2answers
26k views

How to express trigonometric equation in terms of of given trigonometric function?

How can I express a trigonometric equation / identity in terms of a given trigonometric function? using following trigonometric identities ...
27
votes
4answers
4k views

How to find the period of an arbitrary mathematical function?

Is there a function to find the period of an arbitrary (possibly complex) function in Mathematica?
8
votes
4answers
4k views

Checking if two trigonometric expressions are equal

Say I have two trigonometric expressions which are a bit complicated. Is there a quick way to check if they reduce to the same thing (that they are equal) using Mathematica? I was solving this: $y'' ...
9
votes
2answers
5k views

How to expand tan(x+y) as normal form?

TrigExpand@Tan[x + y] gives $\frac{\sin (x) \cos (y)}{\cos (x) \cos (y)-\sin (x) \sin (y)}+\frac{\cos (x) \sin(y)}{\cos (x) \cos (y)-\sin (x) \sin (y)}$ but I ...
21
votes
2answers
1k views

Behavior of ArcTan when two zeros are given as arguments

I've noticed that the numeric approximation of ArcTan is a bit different from the symbolic one. If I write ArcTan[0,0] I ...
16
votes
2answers
1k views

Why do certain values in ArcSin not fully evaluate?

This is a continuation of: Why do certain fractional values in TriangleWave not evaluate? The analysis by R.M and rasher revealed that problem to reduce to the behavior of: ...
5
votes
3answers
772 views

Replacing Tan[x] with Sin[x]/Cos[x]

Why doesn't this work? (1 - Tan[x])/(Sin[x] - Cos[x]) /. Tan[x] -> Sin[x]/Cos[x] I get back: ...
17
votes
4answers
604 views

How do I introduce a new variable in a trigonometric equation?

I have the trigonometric equation \begin{equation*} \sin^8 x + 2\cos^8 x -\dfrac{1}{2}\cos^2 2x + 4\sin^2 x= 0. \end{equation*} By putting $t = \cos 2x$, I have \begin{equation*} \dfrac{3}{16} t^4+ ...
1
vote
3answers
243 views

Solve simple trig equation

I would like to solve this equation: $$-x\sin(x)=\cos(x)$$ But Solve in Mathematica doesn't work: This system cannot be solved with the methods available to ...
8
votes
7answers
1k views

Trying to prove that $x\sin(\frac{\pi}{x})\ge\pi \cos(\frac{\pi}{x})$ for $x\ge 1$

Consider the function f[x_] := x Sin[Pi/x] I want to prove that this function is increasing for $x\ge 1$. This can be done with the first derivative. We have to ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

ArcTan[z] and ArcTan[x,y], Restriction and Conversion

In Mathematica there are two different forms for the arctangent (inverse tangent), namely ArcTan[x,y] which gives the arc tangent of $y/x$, taking into account ...
3
votes
3answers
239 views

Speed up Eliminate

I have a set of trig equations, c1,c2,c3 are constants, I excepted the result is c1 c2 c3 r^2 + (c1^2 + c2^2 + c3^2 - 1) r + c1 c2 c3 == 0 but following code ...
2
votes
2answers
174 views

Showing steps for TrigExpand

If I enter a double equal sign and the following in Mathematica 10: == integrate 1/(1+x^4) Then wolfram alpha allows me to select a Step-by-step solution, which ...
0
votes
2answers
81 views

How can I put the results of TrigFactor function into a more convenient form?

a1 D11 Cos[n x] + a0 a1 D11 Cos[n x] + 1/2 a1 a3 D11 Cos[n x] + 1/2 a2 a4 D11 Cos[n x] I have a large trigonometric expression. Can I factor out different ...
20
votes
1answer
551 views

Transform Root objects into Trigonometric expressions

Consider the Root objects roots = Table[Root[-1 + 27 #1^2 - 162 #1^4 + 243 #1^6 &, i],{i,1,6}] These can be expressed in terms trigonometric functions as ...
14
votes
2answers
67k views

Generate a Unit Circle Trigonometry

Struggling often with Trigonometry I would like to have some code to generate this Unit Circle Trigonometry. Would be of great help when I need to transform some data :
6
votes
2answers
303 views

Evaluating complicated trig without resorting to numerical methods

I have an angle theta given by Kx = (2/Sqrt[3]) ArcSin[Sqrt[3/10]]; Ky = (2/3) (ArcCos[(1/5) Sqrt[7/10]] - Pi); theta = Cos[ArcTan[Kx, Ky]]; This evaluates, by ...
6
votes
2answers
230 views

ArcTan and Compile

See following three snippet code: ...
5
votes
3answers
608 views

How to simplify 1 - Cos[2x] to 2 Sin[x]^2?

I want to reduce all Cos[2 x] to 1 - 2Sin[x]^2, it seems Mathematica will always simplify ...
2
votes
2answers
341 views

How to change the form $A\cos \omega t + B\sin \omega t$ into the form $\sqrt{A^2+B^2}\cos(\omega t-\phi)$ [duplicate]

I'm preparing notes for teaching next week's class in differential equations. My hand calculation solution of $$y''+192y=0, y(0)=1/6, y'(0)=-1$$ is $$y=\frac16\cos 8\sqrt3 t-\frac{\sqrt3}{24}\sin ...
0
votes
1answer
560 views

Avoid trigonometric simplifications?

When evaluating the expression Sinh[x]^2 + Cosh[x]^2 // FullSimplify I get Cosh[2 x] That is indeed a simplification, but ...
8
votes
4answers
388 views

How to make Mathematica simplify $\cos[(i + j + k)\pi]$ to $(-1)^{i+j+k}$?

We know that: $$ \cos\left[(i+j+k)\pi\right] = (-1)^{i+j+k} $$ for $i, j, k$ being positive integers. In Mathematica I've tried: ...
2
votes
0answers
86 views

TrigExpand Idiosyncracies

TrigExpand[Sin[x]^2 Log[y]] returns sin^2(x) log(y), as one would expect. However, ...
2
votes
3answers
728 views

DSolve will not apply assumption m ∈ Integers

I am trying to solve a linear second order ODE using DSolve which involves an arbitrary integer m. ...
2
votes
1answer
624 views

Solve[Tan[theta] == (b*Sin[t])/(a*Cos[t]), theta] breaks when “Reals” is added?

Mathematica solves this equation fine: Solve[ Tan[theta] == (b*Sin[t])/(a*Cos[t]), theta] // InputForm ...
1
vote
2answers
151 views

Find the explicit solution of the integral

I want to calculate the integral: assuming that we are familiar with the relation: The answer should be: The code that I've used is the following: ...
1
vote
1answer
830 views

How can I get Mathematica to write Log instead of ArcTan?

ArcTan really bothers me, so is there a way to make Mathematica write Logarithm instead of ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

Find *all* numerical solutions to cosine based equality

To help with http://astronomy.stackexchange.com/questions/11456/ I'm trying to find all numerical solutions to: 5.20427*Sin[0.529699*t] == Sin[2*Pi*t] Since the period of the first function is ...
0
votes
2answers
192 views

Expand 2f[x] to f[x]+f[x] (Simplify sums of ArcTan)

I'm trying to simplify an expression with sums of ArcTan, for which I've written a transformation rule that works for simple sums, so that ...
0
votes
2answers
684 views

Simplifying a trigonometric equation to obtain specific terms

When I try to solve the non-homogeneous differential equation ...
0
votes
1answer
349 views

Get Mathematica to simplify $\cosh(i x)$ [closed]

I want Mathematica to simplify Cosh[I x] to Cos[x] if I tell Mathematica that x is Real. I ...