Questions on manipulating complicated expressions and making them look simpler using Simplify, FullSimplify and Reduce.

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8
votes
1answer
555 views

how to simplify large expression with lots of special functions in it (BesselY, Hypergeometric, MeijerG etc…)

I saw this DE in Maple forum. When solving it using Mathematica 9.01, even though the result was correct (both solutions gave the same numerical answer for some random values), Mathematica's answer ...
8
votes
0answers
100 views

Why is this evaluation halved when adding units?

Why does this strange behavior occur when dealing with units and quantities? ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

Checking if two trigonometric expressions are equal

Say I have two trigonometric expressions which are a bit complicated. Is there a quick way to check if they reduce to the same thing (that they are equal) using Mathematica? I was solving this: $y'' ...
7
votes
5answers
803 views

How to cancel a common term from numerator and denominator?

What mathematica commands are needed to simplify $\frac{x+n x^m}{x(1+x)}$ to $\frac{1+n x^{m-1}}{(1+x)}$ ? ...
7
votes
4answers
394 views

Counting multiplications (complexity function)

I'm trying to count the number of times multiplication appears in an expression (for the purpose of constructing a ComplexityFunction that would help me simplify a terrible algebraic expression for ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Fourier Transform of a Step Function

I'm trying to obtain the form of a sinc function that I know I'm supposed to get in Mathematica. I'm doing this because I intend to do a lot with Fourier transforms (FT) and I'd like to know I'm not ...
7
votes
3answers
227 views

Why does Mathematica not seem to know that $i^x$ cannot be equal to $0$?

I am experiencing a curious behaviour of Simplify when handling expressions involving powers of $\mathbf{i}$, such as $\mathbf{i}^x$ where $x$ is unknown. For ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I simplify a vector expression?

I am doing vector analysis. I have figured out that the following expression won't be simplified in Mathematica: Simplify[Dot[x, y] - Dot[y, x]] I think the ...
7
votes
2answers
593 views

Simplifying the derivative of $|x|$

Context In[855]:= D[Abs[x], x] /. x -> 1 Out[855]= Derivative[1][Abs][1] In[856]:= D[x, x] /. x -> 1 Out[856]= 1 Question Why is ...
7
votes
2answers
189 views

Why isn't Simplify doing more simplification of this expression?

When I try this Simplify[(1-a)*(1/(1+x*m))^(1-a)(1+m)^(1-a) + (1-a)*(x*m)^a*((x*m)/(1+x*m))^(1-a)*(1+m)^(1-a)] the output is $$\frac{(1-a) (1+m)^{1-a} ...
7
votes
2answers
289 views

FullSimplify giving unexpected result

When I perform a FullSimplify on the list $$ \left\{-\sqrt{5-2 \sqrt{6}},\sqrt{5-2 \sqrt{6}},-\sqrt{5+2 \sqrt{6}},\sqrt{5+2 \sqrt{6}}\right\} $$ I get $$ ...
7
votes
2answers
205 views

Is there a way to show the details of a numerical computation?

I have recently started using Mathematica as a calculator while teaching (definitely overkill, but I try to use as few tools as possible). I would like my students to be able to trace simple numerical ...
7
votes
2answers
154 views

How do I invoke the default complexity function?

Documentation on ComplexityFunction says: With the default setting ComplexityFunction->Automatic, forms are ranked ...
7
votes
2answers
444 views

How to automatically get rid of trig functions in an expression?

I have a large expression containing many terms like this: Sin[1/2 ArcTan[(2 Log[5])/(Log[5]^2 - 2)]] where a trig function is invoked on a rational multiple ...
7
votes
3answers
276 views

Simplify with Assumptions Sqrt[(expr)^2]

While trying to simplify expressions in the form Sqrt[(expr)^2] when expr>0 I noticed a peculiar behavior that was not ...
7
votes
2answers
216 views

Behavior of Reduce with variables as domain

When using Reduce, I accidentally put a set of variables as the domain. To my surprise, it not only seems that Reduce expects ...
7
votes
1answer
815 views

Simplify an expression containing NonCommutativeMultiply

How does mathematica evaluate the following expression to zero: ...
7
votes
1answer
170 views

Why does Mathematica not simplify the Gudermannian function?

The Gudermannian function is built into Mathematica, but does not reduce to simpler terms in some simple cases. In particular, the Gudermannian is an odd function of real arguments but Mathematica ...
7
votes
1answer
335 views

Why does Simplify with TimeConstraint return Removed[$$Failure]?

Bug existed in version 7 and is fixed in version 10.0.0 I have a rather ugly Mathematica expression (edit: shown below) that I would like to simplify with a time constraint; simplifying without a ...
7
votes
1answer
233 views

Simplify with TransformationFunctions, Bug?

I want to use custom transformation functions in Simplify, but mathematica does not seem to use them properly. Consider the following ...
7
votes
1answer
346 views

RootSum result manipulation/simplification

Consider the sum sum1 = Sum[ k/( k^7 - 2 k + 3), {k, Infinity}] ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Assumptions on unknown functions

I'm trying to do analytic calculations in a quantum mechanic harmonic oscillator basis. Specifically I want to be able to evaluate functions of the many particle density. I define the following ...
7
votes
1answer
246 views

Limit for Matrix expression

Let's assume that $Q_0$ is $3\times 3$ matrix with $\det Q_0\neq0 $ and $$ Q_{i+1} = \frac{1}{2}\left[ Q_i+(Q_i^{-1})^T \right] $$ I need to find next limit: $\lim _{i \to +\infty}$$Q_i$. In other ...
7
votes
1answer
217 views

Why does simplification in Mathematica depend on variable names

Mathematica fails to put the following into an obvious simplest form: ...
7
votes
0answers
296 views

Faster simplification of linear combinations of some specific functions

After some profiling I've found that my program spends most of its time in the simplification step. The program uses my simplification function many times (over different data). My calculation is not ...
6
votes
4answers
141 views

Minimizing a function with a constant $l > 0$

I'm VERY new to Mathematica and would like some help with minimizing a function. $$f(x) = \frac{1}{2} \sqrt{\frac{\left(l^4+x^4\right)^2}{l^4 x^2}}$$ I want to find which $x-value$ (probably ...
6
votes
2answers
384 views

Simplify Binomial Function

The following input ...
6
votes
4answers
407 views

Attaching persistent assumptions to symbol definition

Is it possible to attach assumptions to a symbol? This relates to this question. Most of my work involves physical equations, i.e. there are basic assumptions on variables that will always hold true ...
6
votes
1answer
137 views

How to prevent simplification?

I have a question about the concept of simplification. I want to explain it with an example. When I write $4/8$ in mathematica, output is 1/2. How can i return ...
6
votes
2answers
125 views

Partial result of aborted evaluation of FullSimplify

When FullSimplify invoked on a large expression, it can run for hours. If I do not have time to wait, and abort the evaluation, I get no result, although, ...
6
votes
3answers
134 views

How to simplify my expression to the style of “a+b*I”?

How to simplify my expression to the style of "a+b*I"? Expand[(E^(I θ) (-1 + E^(I n θ)))/(-1 + E^(I θ))] ...
6
votes
2answers
259 views

A short notation to fix the assumption that all involved parameters are, say, positive

Often I make simplifications or other operations with assumptions. Sometimes the assumptions simply state that all parameters involved are positive. I wonder, if there is a short notation for such a ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Simplify $\cos(n \pi)$ and $\sin(n \pi)$ when n is an integer

I was trying to calculate this integral in Mathematica 9: 2/π Integrate[ Cosh[a x] Cos[n x], {x, 0, π}, Assumptions -> n ∈ Integers] I got as a result : ...
6
votes
1answer
641 views

How to Simplify equations over a Ring with Mathematica?

For example, when we work over a ring, the equation x^3=0 does not imply x^2=0 or x=0, but ...
6
votes
1answer
170 views

How to reduce expressions with complex coefficients in the form of a+0.*I

I'm trying to get an eigenvalue equation in Mathematica, and the result is an expression with coefficients of the form a + 0. I. For example, Is there any clever ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Properly Force Mathematica to Simplify Log Expressions/Rules

I want to be able to expand $\log(x^n e^x) = n \log(x) +x$: FullSimplify[Log[x^n Exp[x]], x > 0 && Element[n, Integers] && n > 1] yields ...
6
votes
1answer
134 views

Is there a version of Together that doesn't cancel common factors?

I'm running code that produces a long combination of rational functions with free constants that need to be tuned such that the combination vanishes. My current method is to put the combination over ...
6
votes
1answer
341 views

Simplifying a trigonometric sum

I want to caculate Cos[θ] + Cos[2 θ]+ ... + Cos[n θ] Sum[Cos[k θ], {k, 1, n}] ...
6
votes
1answer
266 views

Forcing Mathematica to use certain simplification rule

I'm trying to force Mathematica to use following transformation function ...
6
votes
1answer
735 views

Why does this sum not simplify properly?

I was trying to get Mathematica to simplify some moderately ugly sums and I ran into some pretty weird behaviour, which I tracked down to the following example. I'm working with ...
6
votes
1answer
88 views

Strange behavior when setting NumericQ of a symbol

It happens both in v9&v10. If you try this a^0 a^0 (1/a)^(3/2) a^0 (1/a)^(5/2) Mathematica returns 1 (1/a)^(3/2) (1/a)^(5/2) It's trivial. ...
6
votes
2answers
206 views

Simplify 2D polyhedral Regions like Interval

I don't think there's a built in "RegionSimplify" for polyhedral Regions and derived akin to how Interval automatically simplifies its argument expression: ...
6
votes
1answer
135 views

Moles/Liters doesn't get simplified to Molar even though Molar*Liters gets simplified to Moles

Why can't Mathematica 9 simplify mol/L to M, when it can simplify M*L to mol? ...
6
votes
0answers
184 views

Using FunctionExpand to evaluate symbolic derivatives

Some symbolic derivatives of certain special function are not expanded automatically, but FunctionExpand often helps to get a derivative-free closed form ...
5
votes
2answers
376 views

Simplify — is this simplest result Mathematica can provide?

I have a question about Simplify: When I do a simplification the returned result is not as simple as I want. When I ask for the Norm of an complex expression, ...
5
votes
3answers
536 views

Removing Abs from Abs[a + Exp[I*c]b]^2

Title says it all. Mathematica produces sometimes expressions of the form Abs[a + Exp[I*c]b]^2 where all three quantities a, b and c are positive real numbers. ...
5
votes
2answers
250 views

Inequality with assumptions not simplifying

Can someone explain to me why the following does not simplify to True (as all constituents are positive)? ...
5
votes
1answer
242 views

Validating simplifications analytically

I have a rather complex expression which I would like to simplify and check my work along the way (Mathematica does not simplify very basic things and it is frustrating me). In the following example, ...
5
votes
2answers
304 views

How to find monotonically increasing intervals of a function

I tried this code, but not working Clear[f]; f[x_] := x^3 - 3 x + 2; ForAll[{x1, x2}, x1 < x2, f[x1] < f[x2]] Reduce[%, {x1, x2}, Reals] I expected the ...
5
votes
2answers
299 views

on simplifying an expression

After some integration process, I ended up with the following expression: ...