Questions about Mathematica's rule-based replacement functionality, including functions such as Rule (->), Replace, ReplaceAll (/.) and ReplaceRepeated (//.).

learn more… | top users | synonyms (4)

60
votes
3answers
2k views

Replacement inside held expression

I wish to make a replacement inside a held expression: f[x_Real] := x^2; Hold[{2., 3.}] /. n_Real :> f[n] The desired output is ...
30
votes
2answers
2k views

Best practice of passing a large number of parameters to functions

I have a number of functions that all take a large number of parameters. I am wondering what is the best practice of passing these parameters to those functions. I could, of course, simply specify ...
27
votes
3answers
3k views

Extracting values from nested rules in JSON data

I have been using Mathematica to analyse some data from the StackExchange API. It is conveniently available in JSON form, which Mathematica interprets as replacement rules. However, some of the rules ...
26
votes
1answer
1k views

replacement rules from a pattern and a matching expression

(This seems to be a very basic necessity in a language having pattern-matching capabilities such as Mathematica, yet I struggled for many hours to find a common solution to this problem.) Suppose ...
21
votes
2answers
1k views

Mathematica for Computer Scientists

Background I've coded in C/Scheme for 10 years. I have a BS CS. I've recently become very interested in pattern-matching (lisp's match macro), and term rewriting systems, which brought me to ...
20
votes
3answers
1k views

Using results of Reduce

Suppose I have function f: f[x_, y_] := 50000 + x 30000 + y 35000; Now I want to find the x and y when f[]<=200000. I use Reduce: ...
19
votes
3answers
358 views

Options which require RuleDelayed

For some functions in Mathematica it is important to use RuleDelayed. One prominent example is the EvaluationMonitor for ...
19
votes
2answers
321 views

Pattern does not match with Orderless head

Why does the following pattern matching not succeed? ...
18
votes
1answer
352 views

Why is ReplaceAll behaving like this?

I'm learning to use the ReplaceAll function and I found the behavior of which is quite confusing. For Sqrt[f[x, y]] /. f[___] -> u Mathematica returns <...
17
votes
6answers
6k views

Replacing composite variables by a single variable

To replace a single variable by another variable, one can simply use the the replace all (/.) operator (e.g., ...
16
votes
2answers
289 views

Why Infinity /. _?(# < 6 &) -> 0 replaces Infinity with ComplexInfinity?

Suppose I define a matrix: mat = { {Infinity, 4, 9}, {6, Infinity, 10}, {8, 9, Infinity} }; Now I want to replace all values smaller than ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

How to change element color in Periodic Table?

The command ColorData["Atoms", "Panel"] generates a periodic table. As I don't want to reinvent the wheel, I asked myself how to change the color of each cell ...
14
votes
4answers
404 views

A replacement problem

list = {1, x, 3, x, 4, x, x, 3, 4, 3, x, 2, 3, x, 8, 7}; If there is exactly one integer between two x I want to replace it with y: ...
14
votes
3answers
398 views

Equivalent of ReplaceAll for Associations?

Is there a nice (built-in) way to apply Replace-style rules to key-value pairs in an association? Something like ...
14
votes
2answers
340 views

ReplaceRepeated seemingly omits some rules

Is there a simple way in Mathematica to prevent rule reordering? Let me give an example: ...
14
votes
1answer
668 views

rule-based implementation of an algorithm

When I first started learning about rule-based programming with Mathematica, I tried to translate this algorithm for computing the convex hull of a set of 2-D points in $O(n \log(n))$ time, to use ...
14
votes
3answers
232 views

ReplaceAll with Associations instead of Rules

I have just noticed that x /. <|x -> 123|> evaluates to 123 In other words, the association seems to behave as a ...
14
votes
1answer
523 views

Transform an expression into a graph that can be plotted with TreeGraph (not TreeForm)

I would like to plot an expression (like TreeForm does), but using the new TreeGraph functionality. ...
13
votes
7answers
1k views

How to assign a list of numbers into letter grades

Here is my list: ...
13
votes
7answers
6k views

How do I replace a variable in a polynomial?

How do I substitue z^2->x in the following polynomial z^4+z^2+4? z^4+z^2+4 /. z^2->x ...
13
votes
2answers
627 views

Using ReplaceAll on SparseArray

I'm using SparseArray in a notebook in which I am doing complex conjugation manually, i.e. writing $\sqrt{-1}$ as i and applying ...
13
votes
4answers
367 views

Replacing parts of a held expression with held parts of another expression

I'm applying the Trott-Strzebonski technique in order to replace inside a held expression. ...
13
votes
3answers
805 views

How to properly project a Graphics object consisting of line primitives

My problem starts from attempts at depicting overlapping lines of different thickness, i.e. ...
13
votes
1answer
374 views

Is everything in Mathematica ultimately stored as a rule?

My current understanding about Mathematica is that everything, at the lowest level, ends up as replacement rules. First question: is this true? Second question: does Mathematica "gloss over" these ...
12
votes
4answers
382 views

How to replace every possible $A+B$ and $AB$ in expansion of $(A+B)^{10}-A^{10}-B^{10}$ with $x$ and $y$, respectively?

I would like to replace every possible $A+B$ and $AB$ in expansion of $(A+B)^{10}-A^{10}-B^{10}$ with $x$ and $y$, respectively. How to do it with the simplest code in Mathematica? For example, \...
12
votes
4answers
491 views

“Strange” behavior of Rule

According to the Help lhs->rhs evaluates rhs immediately. How to understand the output of the following code? ClearAll@x; {1, 3.5} /. x_?IntegerQ -> {x} ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

How to implement a regular grammar?

What is the most simple, elegant way of implementing a rewrite-system defined as: $$ \begin{aligned} \Sigma &= \{a_1, a_2, a_3, ...\} \\ N &= \{A_1, A_2, A_3, ...\} \\ \{\alpha_1 , \...
12
votes
2answers
292 views

why MatchQ is fast and Replace slow?

Consider a large expression, say a polynomial with 25 terms expr=Product[Unique["a"],{i,1,25}]; to which you apply the following replacement rule: ...
12
votes
2answers
224 views

Dispatch displays rules incorrectly and evaluates when displaying

Bug introduced in 10.0.0 and fixed in 10.0.1 Consider this a = 3; disp = Dispatch[Unevaluated[{a -> 2}]] We see the rule ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Simple problem with Manipulate and Plot

Would anyone have an idea why the following doesn't work: rule = {z -> x^2 + 2 x + y}; Manipulate[ Plot[z /. rule, {x, 0, 10}], {{y, 2, "y"}, 1, 5} ] But ...
12
votes
1answer
323 views

StringReplace, ReplaceAll and Rule interact in a bizarre way

I have the following pair of things: ClearAll[foo, labeledFoo]; labeledFoo = {"FooBarBazQuux", foo}; This works like you'd expect: ...
12
votes
2answers
201 views

Opposite of Alternatives in a Rule

Mathematica provides Alternatives, to match one of several patterns. In a rule, this is used as p1|p2|p3:>replacement. I ...
11
votes
9answers
1k views

How can a power of 0 or 1 be replaced?

Consider this given example for ReplaceAll 1 + x^2 + x^4 /. x^p_ -> f[p] This returns ...
11
votes
3answers
526 views

Replace operators

/. can be used to replace variables but how can one replace operators. For example in a * b, ...
11
votes
3answers
478 views

substitution rules excluding subscripted variables

Suppose I have an expression containing p,Subscript[p,1],Subscript[p,2],etc. I want to ...
11
votes
6answers
374 views

Fill out blanks with a upcoming number in a list?

I have a bunch of arrays looking like this: {"", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", "", ...
11
votes
6answers
408 views

For a given expression: if it appears, remove it, but if it is absent, add it

While reformatting Szabolcs's code from (42660) I noticed this interesting operation: ...
11
votes
2answers
97 views

Replace and Association

I'm surprised that I can't find this question already, so perhaps I'm missing something obvious. I would like to take a list of associations and remove any with value ...
11
votes
1answer
280 views

Is there a programmatic equivalent of Edit > Find…?

Most things that can be done via the front-end interface in Mathematica can also be accomplished by some function. Is that the case for find-and-replacing? That is, is there some code I could execute ...
11
votes
1answer
192 views
10
votes
4answers
202 views

Timing problem with ReplaceRepeated

I have the following data: ...
10
votes
4answers
242 views

Leave expression tree formatting the same when a replacement rule is applied

If I type e1 := 3 x + 2 (1 + y) z // TreeForm, I get an expression tree. If I then type e1 /. x -> 3, I get another ...
10
votes
3answers
423 views

How to replace the first occurance in an expression instead of replacing all?

Is there a function that replaces the first occurance of the expression instead of replacing all? For example, if I have HoldForm[x + 2 + 4 + x] /. x -> 4, is ...
10
votes
2answers
317 views

How to extract a specific element from EXIF photographic metadata?

It's now possible to import photographs into Mathematica and import the EXIF data at the same time: i = Import["ExampleData/coneflower.jpg", "ImageWithExif"] ...
10
votes
1answer
374 views

error when defining a compiled function with ReplacePart

I always have difficulty in writing a non-trivial compiled function. I'm using Mathematica 9. Please see the following code ...
10
votes
1answer
95 views

Using PatternSequence on its own in ReplaceAll?

Say I have this list: list = {0, 1, 2, 0, 1, 3, 0, 1, 4} and say I want to remove consecutive sequences of 0 and 1. I'd normally go for this: ...
9
votes
5answers
391 views

Select a particular rules out of a list

rule = {beta -> 4, alpha -> 2, x -> 4, z -> 2, w -> 0.8} Select[rule, beta] Select[rule, beta &] Select[rule, beta -> _ &] How would I ...
9
votes
5answers
4k views

Replace values which obey certain criteria

I'd like to replace all values in a list which obey one or more criteria with another value. Example: Replace all values>30 by 30. data={{3,35},{2,7}} ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Replace expressions with symbols

First of all: I'm new to Mathematica, so I would appreciate it if the answers are quite complete. I have the result of calculation that is expressed in $\sin$ and $\cos$. Now, all of these can be ...
9
votes
6answers
2k views

How to simplify a complicated Sum in terms of power Sums?

For example, I have: $a=\sum _{r=1}^n x_r \left(\left(\sum _{i=1}^n x_i-x_r\right){}^2-\sum _{i=1}^n x_i^2\right)$ ...