# Tagged Questions

Questions about Mathematica's rule-based replacement functionality, including functions such as Rule (->), Replace, ReplaceAll (/.) and ReplaceRepeated (//.).

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### Replace inside Held expression

I wish to make functional replacement inside Held expression like this: ...
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### Best practice of passing a large number of parameters to functions

I have a number of functions that all take a large number of parameters. I am wondering what is the best practice of passing these parameters to those functions. I could, of course, simply specify ...
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### Extracting values from nested rules in JSON data

I have been using Mathematica to analyse some data from the StackExchange API. It is conveniently available in JSON form, which Mathematica interprets as replacement rules. However, some of the rules ...
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### replacement rules from a pattern and a matching expression

(This seems to be a very basic necessity in a language having pattern-matching capabilities such as Mathematica, yet I struggled for many hours to find a common solution to this problem.) Suppose ...
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### Using results of Reduce

Suppose I have function f: f[x_, y_] := 50000 + x 30000 + y 35000; Now I want to find the x and y when f[]<=200000. I use Reduce: ...
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### Mathematica for Computer Scientists

Background I've coded in C/Scheme for 10 years. I have a BS CS. I've recently become very interested in pattern-matching (lisp's match macro), and term rewriting systems, which brought me to ...
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### Options which require RuleDelayed

For some functions in Mathematica it is important to use RuleDelayed. One prominent example is the EvaluationMonitor for ...
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### Why is ReplaceAll behaving like this?

I'm learning to use the ReplaceAll function and I found the behavior of which is quite confusing. For Sqrt[f[x, y]] /. f[___] -> u Mathematica returns ...
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### Why Infinity /. _?(# < 6 &) -> 0 replaces Infinity with ComplexInfinity?

Suppose I define a matrix: mat = { {Infinity, 4, 9}, {6, Infinity, 10}, {8, 9, Infinity} }; Now I want to replace all values smaller than ...
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### Replacing composite variables by a single variable

To replace a single variable by another variable, one can simply use the the replace all (/.) operator (e.g., ...
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### Pattern does not match with Orderless head

Why does the following pattern matching not succeed? ...
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### How to change element color in Periodic Table?

The command ColorData["Atoms", "Panel"] generates a periodic table. As I don't want to reinvent the wheel, I asked myself how to change the color of each cell ...
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### How to assign a list of numbers into letter grades

Here is my list: ...
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### Equivalent of ReplaceAll for Associations?

Is there a nice (built-in) way to apply Replace-style rules to key-value pairs in an association? Something like ...
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### Replacing parts of a held expression with held parts of another expression

I'm applying the Trott-Strzebonski technique in order to replace inside a held expression. ...
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### rule-based implementation of an algorithm

When I first started learning about rule-based programming with Mathematica, I tried to translate this algorithm for computing the convex hull of a set of 2-D points in $O(n \log(n))$ time, to use ...
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### Transform an expression into a graph that can be plotted with TreeGraph (not TreeForm)

I would like to plot an expression (like TreeForm does), but using the new TreeGraph functionality. ...
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### Is everything in Mathematica ultimately stored as a rule?

My current understanding about Mathematica is that everything, at the lowest level, ends up as replacement rules. First question: is this true? Second question: does Mathematica "gloss over" these ...
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### How do I replace a variable in a polynomial?

How do I substitue z^2->x in the following polynomial z^4+z^2+4? z^4+z^2+4 /. z^2->x ...
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### How to replace every possible $A+B$ and $AB$ in expansion of $(A+B)^{10}-A^{10}-B^{10}$ with $x$ and $y$, respectively?

I would like to replace every possible $A+B$ and $AB$ in expansion of $(A+B)^{10}-A^{10}-B^{10}$ with $x$ and $y$, respectively. How to do it with the simplest code in Mathematica? For example, ...
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### Using ReplaceAll on SparseArray

I'm using SparseArray in a notebook in which I am doing complex conjugation manually, i.e. writing $\sqrt{-1}$ as i and applying ...
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### “Strange” behavior of Rule

According to the Help lhs->rhs evaluates rhs immediately. How to understand the output of the following code? ClearAll@x; {1, 3.5} /. x_?IntegerQ -> {x} ...
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### Dispatch displays rules incorrectly and evaluates when displaying

Bug introduced in 10.0.0 and fixed in 10.0.1 Consider this a = 3; disp = Dispatch[Unevaluated[{a -> 2}]] We see the rule ...
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### ReplaceRepeated seemingly omits some rules

Is there a simple way in Mathematica to prevent rule reordering? Let me give an example: ...
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### StringReplace, ReplaceAll and Rule interact in a bizarre way

I have the following pair of things: ClearAll[foo, labeledFoo]; labeledFoo = {"FooBarBazQuux", foo}; This works like you'd expect: ...
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### How to properly project a Graphics object consisting of line primitives

My problem starts from attempts at depicting overlapping lines of different thickness, i.e. ...
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### A replacement problem

list = {1, x, 3, x, 4, x, x, 3, 4, 3, x, 2, 3, x, 8, 7}; If there is exactly one integer between two x I want to replace it with y: ...
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### Replace operators

/. can be used to replace variables but how can one replace operators. For example in a * b, ...
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### For a given expression: if it appears, remove it, but if it is absent, add it

While reformatting Szabolcs's code from (42660) I noticed this interesting operation: ...
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### How to implement a regular grammar?

What is the most simple, elegant way of implementing a rewrite-system defined as:  \begin{aligned} \Sigma &= \{a_1, a_2, a_3, ...\} \\ N &= \{A_1, A_2, A_3, ...\} \\ \{\alpha_1 , ...
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### Simple problem with Manipulate and Plot

Would anyone have an idea why the following doesn't work: rule = {z -> x^2 + 2 x + y}; Manipulate[ Plot[z /. rule, {x, 0, 10}], {{y, 2, "y"}, 1, 5} ] But ...
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### How can a power of 0 or 1 be replaced?

Consider this given example for ReplaceAll 1 + x^2 + x^4 /. x^p_ -> f[p] This returns ...
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### Timing problem with ReplaceRepeated

I have the following data: ...
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### substitution rules excluding subscripted variables

Suppose I have an expression containing p,Subscript[p,1],Subscript[p,2],etc. I want to ...
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### How to replace the first occurance in an expression instead of replacing all?

Is there a function that replaces the first occurance of the expression instead of replacing all? For example, if I have HoldForm[x + 2 + 4 + x] /. x -> 4, is ...
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### How to extract a specific element from EXIF photographic metadata?

It's now possible to import photographs into Mathematica and import the EXIF data at the same time: i = Import["ExampleData/coneflower.jpg", "ImageWithExif"] ...
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### Is there a programmatic equivalent of Edit > Find…?

Most things that can be done via the front-end interface in Mathematica can also be accomplished by some function. Is that the case for find-and-replacing? That is, is there some code I could execute ...
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### Using PatternSequence on its own in ReplaceAll?

Say I have this list: list = {0, 1, 2, 0, 1, 3, 0, 1, 4} and say I want to remove consecutive sequences of 0 and 1. I'd normally go for this: ...
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### Select a particular rules out of a list

rule = {beta -> 4, alpha -> 2, x -> 4, z -> 2, w -> 0.8} Select[rule, beta] Select[rule, beta &] Select[rule, beta -> _ &] How would I ...
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### Replace expressions with symbols

First of all: I'm new to Mathematica, so I would appreciate it if the answers are quite complete. I have the result of calculation that is expressed in $\sin$ and $\cos$. Now, all of these can be ...
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### How to make a ReplaceAll Rule for adjacent items in a list?

I would like to make only one pass of a list of 2D items and replace adjacent items that have matching $x$ or $y$ coordinates with a series of linearly interpolated points between the two points. My ...
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### Leave expression tree formatting the same when a replacement rule is applied

If I type e1 := 3 x + 2 (1 + y) z // TreeForm, I get an expression tree. If I then type e1 /. x -> 3, I get another ...
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### error when defining a compiled function with ReplacePart

I always have difficulty in writing a non-trivial compiled function. I'm using Mathematica 9. Please see the following code ...
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### How can I replace the Greek symbols in an expression with their plain text names?

Suppose I have an expression with Greek symbols in it. How would I convert that expression to another expression where the Greek symbols have been replaces with their names in plain text? I've ...
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### Performance of Dispatch and lists of Rules

The issue outlined here seems to be no longer present in version 10, if you use a Dispatch table! This because a Dispatch table ...
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### MapAt with Replace(All) causing kernel crash

Bug introduced in 10.1 and fixed in 10.2 I wanted to roll a function that works like /. but only acts on the very first match it encounters. ...
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### Indexed replacement

Is there some equivalence of MapIndexed for rules? Consider a substitution on 3 a + 4 b + 21 c + .... The first integer I want to replace by 1, the second ...
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### Replace values which obey certain criteria

I'd like to replace all values in a list which obey one or more criteria with another value. Example: Replace all values>30 by 30. data={{3,35},{2,7}} ...
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### Unexpected behavior of rule matching a pattern

I am a beginner exploring the world of Mathematica. I expected the following code T[6, 5, 4, 1, 2, 3] /. {T[a___, 1, b___] -> Length[List[b]]} should return ...
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### Why does the name of a pattern affect the result of a transformation rule?

I was playing a little dirty, trying to get a template for defining a Curl[] operator. I wrote the following rule, which I knew was going to spit out a few ...