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12
votes
3answers
518 views

How can FactorInteger be so slow if PrimeQ is fast?

My 8th grade son had a homework problem to find a prime factor of 99!-1. I thought to be clever/lazy and used FactorInteger[99!-1], but it takes forever. PrimeQ[99!-1] very quickly gives False. It ...
1
vote
2answers
71 views

Infinite sums with Boole and EvenQ

Suppose I am interested in a sum across a set of even numbers, such as: Sum[x, {x, 2, 20, 2}] 110 or ...
3
votes
2answers
94 views

Prime power list

Update Is there any better way of generating the nth prime power? Chip Hurst gave a great solution for a list below, so ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Consecutive integers that can be written as the product of three distinct primes

Mathematica novice here. I want to start with a list of integers that are the product of three distinct primes m,n, and o, where 2 <= m|n|o < 2000. ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

One of the factors greater than $x$ [closed]

Is there an easy way to tell Mathematica to find one of the prime factors of $n$ greater than $x$. For example, if $n=1299709\cdot 7919 \cdot 17$, is there a way to request a factor greater than ...
-2
votes
1answer
88 views

Missing Primes in List [closed]

In the following code why do I get even numbers instead of primes only: ...
4
votes
2answers
205 views

Approximation to the prime counting function

Is there a function similar to PrimePi that gives approximate value for large numbers? In particular, I need a reasonably good approximation for $\pi(x)$, where ...
10
votes
4answers
497 views

Set of integers not divisible by smaller set of primes

Let $p_n$ be the sequence of prime numbers, and $s(x,n)=$ the set of integers less or equal than $x$ that are not divisible by $p_1,\dots,p_n.$ I can define it as follows: ...
0
votes
2answers
96 views

prime-palindromic number selected from a list

I want to find all prime-palindromic numbers up to 5000. Prime-palindromic numbers are numbers that themselves and their reverse digits are both primes. For example, 31 is a prime-palindromic number ...
7
votes
4answers
643 views

Generating an Ulam spiral

An Ulam Spiral is quite an interesting construction, revealing unexpected features in the distribution of primes. Here is a related topic with one answer by Pinguin Dirk, who has provided one ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

Symbolic multiplicative partitions

Let $p_n\#\equiv\prod_{k=1}^{n}p_k$ (primorial): p[n_] := Times @@ Prime[Range[n]] then the multiplicative partitions of $p_{1,2,3,4}\#$ are $$ \{\{2\}\},$$$$ ...
5
votes
0answers
111 views

Is there a PrimeQ whose accuracy guarantee you can adjust?

Say I have a list of a million integers each with a million digits, and I want a crude sieve to see which have a chance at being prime. Mathematica has a PrimeQ function, which appears to be slow ...
2
votes
0answers
110 views

Displaying primes as a 3D array of spheres

I am currently learning my way through Mathematica and have stumbled upon a strange problem. It is asking me to implement PrimeQ into ...
3
votes
2answers
143 views

FactorInteger over UFDs

How can I factor 'integers' over other quadratic number fields (not just gaussian integers). For instance, how could I factor $7 = (3 + ω)(2 − ω)$ over Eisenstein integers ($ω = \frac{-1+ I ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

Semi prime numbers

The high school textbook I am using has the example of semi-prime numbers. They wanted students to find (by "perspiration") all the semi-prime numbers less than $50$ (for a question on set theory). ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Faster Solve for Fermat 4n+1 conjecture

Assuming that Fermat 4n+1 conjecture (each prime of the form 4n+1 is the sum of two squares) is true then I like to solve the ...
8
votes
4answers
311 views

Generate PrimePower counting function

Is there a way to generate a counting function for prime powers - i.e. to create a similar function to PrimePi, but including prime powers. The following will, of ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Limits of PrimeNu [duplicate]

Is there any way to find distinct prime factors for very large numbers using Prime and/or PrimePi that exceeds the ...
6
votes
2answers
328 views

Memory management and speed for Fast GCD

Let's say that we have some $300\,\text{K}$ digits (arbitrary function) and want to trial factor with $100{,}000{,}000$ first prime numbers. ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Internals of Prime function [duplicate]

Does anyone knows how exactly Prime works ? For example how Prime[1000000000] is calculated ? The only information I found was ...
1
vote
1answer
200 views

How to represent very long integers with at-most-8-digit(base-10) short integers with * and +

I need an algorithm in Mathematica, which can represent any very long integer, prime or not, into the the product operation "*" and sum "+" forms by short integers (not more than 8 decimal digits). ...
0
votes
0answers
246 views

Hurwitz-Lerch transcendent

I want to compute the following sum over primes: $$\sum\limits_{p \text{ prime}}\sum\limits_{k=1}^\infty(\log(p^k))\left(\frac{1}{2p^k} - \Phi[-1,1,p^k]\right),$$ where $\Phi[z,s,a]$ is the ...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

Double sum over primes [duplicate]

Can anyone tell me the value of the sum $$\sum_{p\in \mathcal{P}}\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{\log (p^n)}{2}\left[\,p^{-n}-\psi\left(\frac{p^n+2}{2}\right)+\psi\left(\frac{p^n+1}{2}\right)\right].$$ ...
11
votes
5answers
963 views

How can I simulate this animation of checking for prime numbers?

I can only implement a very simple one, I want to make my code look like that. Any better ideas? ...
10
votes
5answers
561 views

Double series over primes

I'm very curious if the following double series over primes has a closed form: $$\sum_{k \in \mathcal{P}}\sum_{n \in \mathcal{P}}\frac{1}{k\;n(k+n)^2}$$ where $\mathcal{P}$ denotes the set of all ...
13
votes
2answers
400 views

Is there a way to use functions like Prime[n] within Solve[]?

I'm trying to see if a number can be written as the sum of two prime numbers. Ideally, I would like to use Solve[ Prime[n] + Prime[m] == 100, {n, m}] But that ...
4
votes
1answer
337 views

How does Mathematica calculate the nth prime?

When I enter Prime[2000000000000], the two-trillionth prime, Mathematica gives 61427839512211 for the answer after several ...
8
votes
1answer
202 views

Testing for primality in quadratic rings?

Testing for primality in $\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{-1}]$ in Mathematica is easy: PrimeQ[n, GaussianIntegers -> True] But how can I test for primality in, say, ...
14
votes
2answers
437 views

Why does iterating Prime in reverse order require much more time?

Say I would like to display the $10$ greatest primes that are less than $10^5$. I could do the following: ...
8
votes
3answers
525 views

Fast Sieve Implementation

I'm going to write a code to compete in performance with NewPGen. The goal is to sieve numbers that have small factors. Mine is very slow in compare with NewPGen. Here's my code: ...
34
votes
9answers
1k views

Happy 2K prime question

This being the Q number 2K in the site, and this being the day we got the confirmation of mathematica.se graduating soon, I think a celebration question is in order. So... What is the fastest way to ...
5
votes
1answer
412 views

Time approximation of decrypting RSA algorithm

I've written a function that encrypts a text using the RSA algorithm. It then decrypts it using prime factorization, and takes the time it took to decrypt it and puts it in a vector together with the ...
1
vote
1answer
445 views

Equivalent of Python's “all” function in Mathematica

The Python function def isPrime(n): return all(n % i for i in xrange(2, n)) checks if a number is a prime number by using ...