Questions on the functionality operating on polynomials

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

38
votes
6answers
6k views

Finding real roots of negative numbers (for example, $\sqrt[3]{-8}$)

Say I want to quickly calculate $\sqrt[3]{-8}$, to which the most obvious solution is $-2$. When I input $\sqrt[3]{-8}$ or Power[-8, 3^-1], Mathematica gives the ...
26
votes
2answers
1k views

Funny behaviour when plotting a polynomial of high degree and large coefficients

I am trying to plot a polynomial of degree 29 on the domain [0,1], with fairly large coefficients: ...
20
votes
5answers
1k views

How do I reassign canonical ordering of symbols?

I have a big polynomial that evaluates to: $$A^2 e^2 \phi ^- \phi ^++A e \phi ^- \phi ^+ c_{2 w} g_Z+\frac{1}{2} A e g h W^- \phi ^+ +\ll13\gg,$$ which is supposed to represent some terms in the ...
16
votes
4answers
879 views

How to keep Collect[] result in order?

For example, Collect[(1 + x + Cos[s] x^2)^3, x] gives the result ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

Computing the genus of an algebraic curve

How-to compute the genus of an algebraic curve in Mathematica ? In my case the algebraic curve is explicitly defined by a polynomial.
15
votes
2answers
300 views

What are Root objects with multiple polynomials?

In Mathematica 9 a new flavor of Root object with multiple polynomials was introduced. For example, ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

Is there a way to Collect[] for more than one symbol?

Oftentimes you find yourself looking for polynomials in multiple variables. Consider the following expression: a(x - y)^3 + b(x - y) + c(x - y) + d as you can ...
14
votes
0answers
149 views

Undocumented fourth parameter of Collect; how long has it been there?

While tinkering with How to get a list of monomials of a polynomial without coefficients? on a whim I tried a fourth argument in Collect and found: ...
13
votes
1answer
315 views

ToNumberField won't recognize Root as an explicit algebraic number

Bug fixed in 10.0.0 In Mathematica 9.0.1, it appears that ToNumberField will not always recognize a Root object as an ...
12
votes
7answers
4k views

How do I replace a variable in a polynomial?

How do I substitue z^2->x in the following polynomial z^4+z^2+4? z^4+z^2+4 /. z^2->x ...
12
votes
4answers
357 views

How to replace every possible $A+B$ and $AB$ in expansion of $(A+B)^{10}-A^{10}-B^{10}$ with $x$ and $y$, respectively?

I would like to replace every possible $A+B$ and $AB$ in expansion of $(A+B)^{10}-A^{10}-B^{10}$ with $x$ and $y$, respectively. How to do it with the simplest code in Mathematica? For example, ...
12
votes
2answers
632 views

Factorizing polynomials over fields other than $\mathbb{C}$

I'd like to take a polynomial in $\mathbb{Z}_5[x]$ of the form $ax^2+bx+c$ and factor it into irreducible polynomials. For example: Input... x^2+4 Output... ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

How do I find the degree of a multivariable polynomial automatically?

I have a very simple question which appears not to have already been answered on this forum. Is there built-in functionality that returns the degree of a multivariable polynomial? For example if the ...
12
votes
2answers
585 views

Surprises simplifying simple polynomials

I came across some somewhat surprising behavior of Simplify today, on something very simple. Let's take two cubic polynomials that we know have the same value: ...
12
votes
1answer
653 views

Rearranging a Polynomial

In Mathematica 8.04 on Windows, I want to display a formula in standard textbook format. The formula is the variance of an $N$-security portfolio. For two securities it is: ...
11
votes
9answers
2k views

Defining a function that completes the square given a quadratic polynomial expression

How can I write a function that would complete the square in a quadratic polynomial expression such that, for example, CompleteTheSquare[5 x^2 + 27 x - 5, x] ...
11
votes
3answers
596 views

How can we plot the complex roots of an equation?

If we'd like to display the $n$ roots of a polynomial on the complex plane as points, how can we do this? For example, if we have the equation $x^3 + x^2 + x + 1$, how can we plot the 3 roots as ...
11
votes
2answers
434 views

How to deduce a generator formula for a polynomial sequence?

Consider a polynomial sequence $\{p_n\}$ generated by some (simple) rule: $$ \begin{array}{l} p_1(x)=x \\ p_2(x)=2 x-x^2 \\ p_3(x)= x^3-3 x^2+3 x \\ p_4(x)=-x^4+4 x^3-6 x^2+4 x \\ p_5(x)= x^5-5 ...
11
votes
1answer
303 views

Does NRoots own an abstract counterpart? If not, can we write one?

We know when solving linear algebra equations, despite its abstract syntax, LinearSolve is much faster compared to Solve: ...
10
votes
5answers
2k views

How to get exact roots of this polynomial?

The equation $$ 64x^7 -112x^5 -8x^4 +56x^3 +8x^2 -7x - 1 = 0 $$ has seven solutions $x = 1$, $x = -\dfrac{1}{2}$ and $x = \cos \dfrac{2n\pi}{11}$, where $n$ runs from $1$ to $5$. With ...
10
votes
3answers
443 views

Any efficient way to make complete homogeneous symmetric functions in Mathematica?

We do have elementary symmetric functions, SymmetricPolynomial[k, {x_1, ..., x_n}] . But I didn't find complete homogeneous symmetric functions. The induction ...
10
votes
4answers
7k views

Factoring polynomials to factors involving complex coefficients

I've run into some problems using Factor on polynomials with complex coefficient factors. Reading the documentation it looks like it only factors over the ...
10
votes
2answers
255 views
10
votes
1answer
728 views

Find roots of polynomial in field extension $GF(2^n)$?

How can I find roots of polynomial in extension field $GF(2^n)$?
9
votes
1answer
520 views

Gröbner basis on a particular set of equations

This question is very similar in gist to equation solving with GroebnerBasis, but hopefully when I say that I make the system a little larger I mean little. I have ...
9
votes
3answers
618 views

How do I get a two-term polynomial with a leading negative sign to display in the correct (i.e. textbook) order?

The first three expressions evaluate as expected and the polynomial is displayed in what I would call "textbook" form. The last expression, however, switches the order of terms. Mathematica employs ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

First positive root

Simple question but problem with NSolve. I need help how to extract first positive root? For example: ...
8
votes
5answers
726 views
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Checking if the roots of a function are real

I'm trying to determine if the roots of a function are real. How would you do that? (In particular I'm interested in verifying that the roots of LegendreP[6, x] ...
8
votes
4answers
740 views

“Evaluating” polynomials of functions (Symbols)

I want to implement the following type evaluation symbolically $$(f^2g + fg + g)(x) \to f(x)^2 g(x) + f(x) g(x) + g(x)$$ In general, on left hand side there is a polynomial in an arbitrary number of ...
8
votes
1answer
135 views

Decomposition of a semialgebraic set into connected components

Is there any built-in function for doing decomposition of a semialgebraic set into connected components? The only way I now can think of is to use ...
8
votes
1answer
232 views

Speed up MinimalPolynomial

My Mathematica code runs slowly MinimalPolynomial[Sqrt[2] + Sqrt[3]+ Sqrt[5]+ Sqrt[7]+ Sqrt[11]+ Sqrt[13], x] runs slowly, but the Maple version ...
7
votes
3answers
342 views

Generating a polynomial that's accurate to within an error of no more than 1/10^5

I'm currently stuck on a question for class that asks... "Find a polynomial p[x] that you can use to calculate 6 ArcTan[x] to ...
7
votes
2answers
491 views

Finding the coefficient of a certain power in a generating function

I want to compute $(t^1+\dots +t^5)(t^2+\dots+ t^6)(t^3+\dots +t^9)$ and find the coefficient of $t^{15}$ for example. $t$ is an indeterminate Now in Maple this is simply as ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Gram-Schmidt Process for Polynomials

I want to implement the Gram Schimdt procedure to the vector space of polynomials of degree up to 5, i.e. I want to find an orthogonal basis from the set of vectors $v=(1,x,x^2,x^3,x^4,x^5)$. The ...
7
votes
4answers
753 views

How to collect terms with positive powers in polynomial

I am trying to collect all terms with non-negative powers of $x$ in polynomials like $\frac{1}{x^2}\left(a x^2+x^{\pi }+x+z\right)^2$ First expand the polynomial ...
7
votes
4answers
133 views

Unexpected behavior using FromDigits to reconstruct polynomial

I have an issue with the reconstruction of a polynomial using FromDigits. The documentation of the function CoefficientList says: Fold the operation for multivariate polynomials: ...
7
votes
2answers
210 views

On the definition of the associated Legendre polynomials

Mathematica computes for n = 1,2,...: (-1)^n (LegendreP[n, -1, -3]/Sqrt[2]) -I, -3 I, -11 I, -45 I, -197 I, ... Maple ...
7
votes
1answer
514 views

How can I plot a Chebyshev spiral?

The Chebyshev polynomials T_n of the first kind are a certain set of orthogonal polynomials. They can be defined by T_n(cos(x))=cos(nx), the first of them are T_0(x) = 1 T_1(x) = x T_2(x) = ...
7
votes
1answer
404 views

How to substitute the following conditions into an expression?

I have an expression: $p=a\;b\; x + b^2\; y + a\;c\; z$. I want to substitute $a\;b=1$, $b^2 = 2$ and $a\;c = 4$ to obtain $p = x + 2y + 4z$. How can I tell Mathematica to do that? I dont know how to ...
7
votes
1answer
152 views

Trouble with polynomial multiplication

Bug introduced in 10.1.0 and persisting through 10.2.0 or later ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

Get polynomial interpolation formula

I'm attempting to get a polynomial interpolation formula out of Mathematica but I am absolutely lost. I stared out using ...
7
votes
1answer
563 views

How to express the original ideal elements in the Groebner basis?

Suppose I call GroebnerBasis[{f1, f2, ...}, {x1,x2, ...}] The output is a list {g1,g2,...} For each $g_j$, there should be ...
7
votes
1answer
218 views

GroebnerBasis without specifying variables

All the examples in the Mathematica documentation specify that the syntax for the GroebnerBasis command is ...
7
votes
1answer
631 views

Writing an expression as sum of squares of expressions

Suppose we have a symmetric homogeneous polynomial expression $P$ in $X=(x_1,\cdots, x_n)$. I want to check whether there are functions $g(X)$ so that $P$ is of the form $\sum _{1\le i<j\le n} ...
7
votes
1answer
336 views
7
votes
0answers
130 views

Apart may use Padé method: what's that?

How does Apart work? The page tutorial/SomeNotesOnInternalImplementation#7441 says, "Apart ...
6
votes
7answers
260 views

What is the inverse of CoefficientList?

I have numbers in vector notation. I need to get polynomial notation from them. My numbers are {0, 1, 23, 5, 15, 0, 0, 0}. I want to get $x + 23x^2 + 5x^3 + ...
6
votes
3answers
605 views

What function can I use to evaluate $(x+y)^2$ to $x^2 + 2xy + y^2$?

What function can I use to evaluate $(x+y)^2$ to $x^2 + 2xy + y^2$? I want to evaluate It and I've tried to use the most obvious way: simply typing and evaluating $(x+y)^2$, But it gives me only ...
6
votes
6answers
2k views

Series expansion in terms of Hermite polynomials

I am trying to expand a polynomial in terms of orthogonal polynomials (in my case, Hermite). Maple has a nice built-in function for this, ChangeBasis. Is there a ...