Questions on the functionality operating on polynomials

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38
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6answers
6k views

Finding real roots of negative numbers (for example, $\sqrt[3]{-8}$)

Say I want to quickly calculate $\sqrt[3]{-8}$, to which the most obvious solution is $-2$. When I input $\sqrt[3]{-8}$ or Power[-8, 3^-1], Mathematica gives the ...
26
votes
2answers
1k views

Funny behaviour when plotting a polynomial of high degree and large coefficients

I am trying to plot a polynomial of degree 29 on the domain [0,1], with fairly large coefficients: ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

First positive root

Simple question but problem with NSolve. I need help how to extract first positive root? For example: ...
16
votes
4answers
877 views

How to keep Collect[] result in order?

For example, Collect[(1 + x + Cos[s] x^2)^3, x] gives the result ...
12
votes
7answers
4k views

How do I replace a variable in a polynomial?

How do I substitue z^2->x in the following polynomial z^4+z^2+4? z^4+z^2+4 /. z^2->x ...
10
votes
4answers
7k views

Factoring polynomials to factors involving complex coefficients

I've run into some problems using Factor on polynomials with complex coefficient factors. Reading the documentation it looks like it only factors over the ...
20
votes
5answers
1k views

How do I reassign canonical ordering of symbols?

I have a big polynomial that evaluates to: $$A^2 e^2 \phi ^- \phi ^++A e \phi ^- \phi ^+ c_{2 w} g_Z+\frac{1}{2} A e g h W^- \phi ^+ +\ll13\gg,$$ which is supposed to represent some terms in the ...
9
votes
3answers
618 views

How do I get a two-term polynomial with a leading negative sign to display in the correct (i.e. textbook) order?

The first three expressions evaluate as expected and the polynomial is displayed in what I would call "textbook" form. The last expression, however, switches the order of terms. Mathematica employs ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

Get polynomial interpolation formula

I'm attempting to get a polynomial interpolation formula out of Mathematica but I am absolutely lost. I stared out using ...
6
votes
2answers
753 views

Why does Expand not work within a function?

I'm writing this fairly simple function: ...
2
votes
3answers
374 views

How can I reorder the factors in the terms of a polynomial?

How can I reorder the factors in the terms of a polynomial? Consider ...
11
votes
9answers
2k views

Defining a function that completes the square given a quadratic polynomial expression

How can I write a function that would complete the square in a quadratic polynomial expression such that, for example, CompleteTheSquare[5 x^2 + 27 x - 5, x] ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Gram-Schmidt Process for Polynomials

I want to implement the Gram Schimdt procedure to the vector space of polynomials of degree up to 5, i.e. I want to find an orthogonal basis from the set of vectors $v=(1,x,x^2,x^3,x^4,x^5)$. The ...
12
votes
2answers
632 views

Factorizing polynomials over fields other than $\mathbb{C}$

I'd like to take a polynomial in $\mathbb{Z}_5[x]$ of the form $ax^2+bx+c$ and factor it into irreducible polynomials. For example: Input... x^2+4 Output... ...
7
votes
1answer
403 views

How to substitute the following conditions into an expression?

I have an expression: $p=a\;b\; x + b^2\; y + a\;c\; z$. I want to substitute $a\;b=1$, $b^2 = 2$ and $a\;c = 4$ to obtain $p = x + 2y + 4z$. How can I tell Mathematica to do that? I dont know how to ...
4
votes
1answer
283 views

Factoring a two variable polynomial in a special way

Let $$f=x^9-x^6+4x^5y+2x^3y^2-y^4$$ I would like to factorize $f$ into form: $$(y-F_1(x))\cdots(y-F_k(x))$$ over complex numbers. How can I do it with Mathematica?
4
votes
1answer
568 views

How to do the polynomial stuff over finite fields extensions fast?

This question is raised from the problem of package FiniteFields being very slow (please, see the corresponding question): I have had an evidence that Mathematica ...
4
votes
2answers
174 views

HornerForm of polynomials in terms of E^(i x)

I want to know how to get the HornerForm of the following expression in terms of E^(I x): ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

Computing the genus of an algebraic curve

How-to compute the genus of an algebraic curve in Mathematica ? In my case the algebraic curve is explicitly defined by a polynomial.
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Checking if the roots of a function are real

I'm trying to determine if the roots of a function are real. How would you do that? (In particular I'm interested in verifying that the roots of LegendreP[6, x] ...
10
votes
5answers
2k views

How to get exact roots of this polynomial?

The equation $$ 64x^7 -112x^5 -8x^4 +56x^3 +8x^2 -7x - 1 = 0 $$ has seven solutions $x = 1$, $x = -\dfrac{1}{2}$ and $x = \cos \dfrac{2n\pi}{11}$, where $n$ runs from $1$ to $5$. With ...
7
votes
2answers
491 views

Finding the coefficient of a certain power in a generating function

I want to compute $(t^1+\dots +t^5)(t^2+\dots+ t^6)(t^3+\dots +t^9)$ and find the coefficient of $t^{15}$ for example. $t$ is an indeterminate Now in Maple this is simply as ...
7
votes
3answers
342 views

Generating a polynomial that's accurate to within an error of no more than 1/10^5

I'm currently stuck on a question for class that asks... "Find a polynomial p[x] that you can use to calculate 6 ArcTan[x] to ...
12
votes
4answers
356 views

How to replace every possible $A+B$ and $AB$ in expansion of $(A+B)^{10}-A^{10}-B^{10}$ with $x$ and $y$, respectively?

I would like to replace every possible $A+B$ and $AB$ in expansion of $(A+B)^{10}-A^{10}-B^{10}$ with $x$ and $y$, respectively. How to do it with the simplest code in Mathematica? For example, ...
4
votes
3answers
390 views

Finding parameters making real part of eigenvalues vanish

I have the following $\;3\times3$ matrix: $\left( \begin{array}{ccc} 0.04 -0.4 b & 0 & 0.04 -0.4 b \\ 0 & -0.08-1.2 b & -0.06-0.9 b \\ 1.04 -0.4 b & 2.08 -0.8 b & 0 ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

The plot of roots of polynomials

I have polynomial equation like Tribonacci Polynomials for example: $T_3(x)=x^4+x$. After finding the roots of this polynomial, I want to show these roots in the complex plane. I have tried lots of ...
15
votes
2answers
300 views

What are Root objects with multiple polynomials?

In Mathematica 9 a new flavor of Root object with multiple polynomials was introduced. For example, ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

Is there a way to Collect[] for more than one symbol?

Oftentimes you find yourself looking for polynomials in multiple variables. Consider the following expression: a(x - y)^3 + b(x - y) + c(x - y) + d as you can ...
12
votes
2answers
583 views

Surprises simplifying simple polynomials

I came across some somewhat surprising behavior of Simplify today, on something very simple. Let's take two cubic polynomials that we know have the same value: ...
11
votes
1answer
303 views

Does NRoots own an abstract counterpart? If not, can we write one?

We know when solving linear algebra equations, despite its abstract syntax, LinearSolve is much faster compared to Solve: ...
13
votes
1answer
315 views

ToNumberField won't recognize Root as an explicit algebraic number

Bug fixed in 10.0.0 In Mathematica 9.0.1, it appears that ToNumberField will not always recognize a Root object as an ...
11
votes
2answers
434 views

How to deduce a generator formula for a polynomial sequence?

Consider a polynomial sequence $\{p_n\}$ generated by some (simple) rule: $$ \begin{array}{l} p_1(x)=x \\ p_2(x)=2 x-x^2 \\ p_3(x)= x^3-3 x^2+3 x \\ p_4(x)=-x^4+4 x^3-6 x^2+4 x \\ p_5(x)= x^5-5 ...
8
votes
1answer
135 views

Decomposition of a semialgebraic set into connected components

Is there any built-in function for doing decomposition of a semialgebraic set into connected components? The only way I now can think of is to use ...
7
votes
4answers
751 views

How to collect terms with positive powers in polynomial

I am trying to collect all terms with non-negative powers of $x$ in polynomials like $\frac{1}{x^2}\left(a x^2+x^{\pi }+x+z\right)^2$ First expand the polynomial ...
2
votes
4answers
257 views

Working with symmetric polynomials

I have a question related to working with symmetric polynomials in some variables. Let us say, I have an expression ...
2
votes
2answers
829 views

Calculating Taylor polynomial of an implicit function given by an equation

I'd like to write a procedure that will take an equation: F(x,y,z) = 0 chosen variable: x a point: ...
7
votes
4answers
132 views

Unexpected behavior using FromDigits to reconstruct polynomial

I have an issue with the reconstruction of a polynomial using FromDigits. The documentation of the function CoefficientList says: Fold the operation for multivariate polynomials: ...
5
votes
2answers
320 views

Why doesn't Roots work on a certain quartic polynomial equation?

In everything that follows I am using Roots to get the solutions to the equations. I start off with this equation: $$ \frac{A}{3}x^4 - x^2 + 2ax - b^2 = 0$$ Now ...
1
vote
2answers
392 views

solving for one solution to a system of polynomials

I'm trying to solve a system of equations: ...
11
votes
3answers
594 views

How can we plot the complex roots of an equation?

If we'd like to display the $n$ roots of a polynomial on the complex plane as points, how can we do this? For example, if we have the equation $x^3 + x^2 + x + 1$, how can we plot the 3 roots as ...
6
votes
3answers
624 views

Piecewise Polynomial Interpolation

Given some data pairs $(x_i,y_i)$, with $i=0,...,m$, and a degree $r$, I wish to build a piecewise polynomial function to interpolate these data. That interpolation should be continuous, and, on every ...
6
votes
5answers
221 views

Lowering the degree of an polynomial with an assumption that the polynomial has a factor x^2+ax+b

Let's assume $ x^{10}+x^5+1 $ has a factor $x^2+ax+b$ Then, If $x^2=-ax-b$, $ x^{10}+x^5+1 =0$. If we successively apply $x^2=-ax-b$ to $ x^{10}+x^5+1 $, we can make $ x^{10}+x^5+1 $ to degree 1, ...
6
votes
3answers
605 views

What function can I use to evaluate $(x+y)^2$ to $x^2 + 2xy + y^2$?

What function can I use to evaluate $(x+y)^2$ to $x^2 + 2xy + y^2$? I want to evaluate It and I've tried to use the most obvious way: simply typing and evaluating $(x+y)^2$, But it gives me only ...
3
votes
2answers
337 views

Tweaking Solve for systems of polynomial equations

I am trying to solve the following system of $6$ quadratic equations in $6$ variables: ...
14
votes
0answers
148 views

Undocumented fourth parameter of Collect; how long has it been there?

While tinkering with How to get a list of monomials of a polynomial without coefficients? on a whim I tried a fourth argument in Collect and found: ...
6
votes
6answers
2k views

Series expansion in terms of Hermite polynomials

I am trying to expand a polynomial in terms of orthogonal polynomials (in my case, Hermite). Maple has a nice built-in function for this, ChangeBasis. Is there a ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

How do I find the degree of a multivariable polynomial automatically?

I have a very simple question which appears not to have already been answered on this forum. Is there built-in functionality that returns the degree of a multivariable polynomial? For example if the ...
8
votes
5answers
725 views
6
votes
1answer
174 views

The third argument of the Root function

Consider the roots of an arbitrary indecomposable polynomial: sol = Solve[x^5 + 2 x + 1 == 0, x] The returned expression is ...
6
votes
2answers
393 views

3D Plot: Number of Roots in x of a polynomial in x, a, b and c

I have a polynomial in four variables x,a,b and c. The number of roots of the polynomial in x depends of the choice of a, b and c. I would like to have a 3D-Plot with a, b and c on the axes, while the ...