Questions on the functionality operating on polynomials

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36
votes
6answers
5k views

Finding real roots of negative numbers (for example, $\sqrt[3]{-8}$)

Say I want to quickly calculate $\sqrt[3]{-8}$, to which the most obvious solution is $-2$. When I input $\sqrt[3]{-8}$ or Power[-8, 3^-1], Mathematica gives the ...
23
votes
2answers
763 views

Funny behaviour when plotting a polynomial of high degree and large coefficients

I am trying to plot a polynomial of degree 29 on the domain [0,1], with fairly large coefficients: ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

First positive root

Simple question but problem with NSolve. I need help how to extract first positive root? For example: ...
12
votes
7answers
3k views

How do I replace a variable in a polynomial?

How do I substitue z^2->x in the following polynomial z^4+z^2+4? z^4+z^2+4 /. z^2->x ...
13
votes
3answers
669 views

How to keep Collect[] result in order?

For example, Collect[(1 + x + Cos[s] x^2)^3, x] gives the result ...
8
votes
4answers
6k views

Factoring polynomials to factors involving complex coefficients

I've run into some problems using Factor on polynomials with complex coefficient factors. Reading the documentation it looks like it only factors over the ...
6
votes
2answers
669 views

Why does Expand not work within a function?

I'm writing this fairly simple function: ...
9
votes
3answers
504 views

How do I get a two-term polynomial with a leading negative sign to display in the correct (i.e. textbook) order?

The first three expressions evaluate as expected and the polynomial is displayed in what I would call "textbook" form. The last expression, however, switches the order of terms. Mathematica employs ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Get polynomial interpolation formula

I'm attempting to get a polynomial interpolation formula out of Mathematica but I am absolutely lost. I stared out using ...
11
votes
2answers
543 views

Factorizing polynomials over fields other than $\mathbb{C}$

I'd like to take a polynomial in $\mathbb{Z}_5[x]$ of the form $ax^2+bx+c$ and factor it into irreducible polynomials. For example: Input... x^2+4 Output... ...
4
votes
1answer
216 views

Factoring a two variable polynomial in a special way

Let $$f=x^9-x^6+4x^5y+2x^3y^2-y^4$$ I would like to factorize $f$ into form: $$(y-F_1(x))\cdots(y-F_k(x))$$ over complex numbers. How can I do it with Mathematica?
7
votes
1answer
255 views

How to substitute the following conditions into an expression?

I have an expression: $p=a\;b\; x + b^2\; y + a\;c\; z$. I want to substitute $a\;b=1$, $b^2 = 2$ and $a\;c = 4$ to obtain $p = x + 2y + 4z$. How can I tell Mathematica to do that? I dont know how to ...
4
votes
2answers
161 views

HornerForm of polynomials in terms of E^(i x)

I want to know how to get the HornerForm of the following expression in terms of E^(I x): ...
2
votes
3answers
316 views

How can I reorder the factors in the terms of a polynomial?

How can I reorder the factors in the terms of a polynomial? Consider ...
19
votes
5answers
834 views

How do I reassign canonical ordering of symbols?

I have a big polynomial that evaluates to: $$A^2 e^2 \phi ^- \phi ^++A e \phi ^- \phi ^+ c_{2 w} g_Z+\frac{1}{2} A e g h W^- \phi ^+ +\ll13\gg,$$ which is supposed to represent some terms in the ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Checking if the roots of a function are real

I'm trying to determine if the roots of a function are real. How would you do that? (In particular I'm interested in verifying that the roots of LegendreP[6, x] ...
7
votes
8answers
1k views

Defining a function that completes the square given a quadratic polynomial expression

How can I write a function that would complete the square in a quadratic polynomial expression such that, for example, CompleteTheSquare[5 x^2 + 27 x - 5, x] ...
11
votes
4answers
325 views

How to replace every possible $A+B$ and $AB$ in expansion of $(A+B)^{10}-A^{10}-B^{10}$ with $x$ and $y$, respectively?

I would like to replace every possible $A+B$ and $AB$ in expansion of $(A+B)^{10}-A^{10}-B^{10}$ with $x$ and $y$, respectively. How to do it with the simplest code in Mathematica? For example, ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

How to get exact roots of this polynomial?

The equation $$ 64x^7 -112x^5 -8x^4 +56x^3 +8x^2 -7x - 1 = 0 $$ has seven solutions $x = 1$, $x = -\dfrac{1}{2}$ and $x = \cos \dfrac{2n\pi}{11}$, where $n$ runs from $1$ to $5$. With ...
3
votes
1answer
444 views

How to do the polynomial stuff over finite fields extensions fast?

This question is raised from the problem of package FiniteFields being very slow (please, see the corresponding question): I have had an evidence that Mathematica ...
15
votes
2answers
249 views

What are Root objects with multiple polynomials?

In Mathematica 9 a new flavor of Root object with multiple polynomials was introduced. For example, ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Computing the genus of an algebraic curve

How-to compute the genus of an algebraic curve in Mathematica ? In my case the algebraic curve is explicitly defined by a polynomial.
12
votes
2answers
532 views

Surprises simplifying simple polynomials

I came across some somewhat surprising behavior of Simplify today, on something very simple. Let's take two cubic polynomials that we know have the same value: ...
12
votes
1answer
249 views

ToNumberField won't recognize Root as an explicit algebraic number

In Mathematica 9.0.1, it appears that ToNumberField will not always recognize a Root object as an explicit algebraic number. ...
7
votes
4answers
561 views

How to collect terms with positive powers in polynomial

I am trying to collect all terms with non-negative powers of $x$ in polynomials like $\frac{1}{x^2}\left(a x^2+x^{\pi }+x+z\right)^2$ First expand the polynomial ...
6
votes
2answers
308 views

Finding the coefficient of a certain power in a generating function

I want to compute $(t^1+\dots +t^5)(t^2+\dots+ t^6)(t^3+\dots +t^9)$ and find the coefficient of $t^{15}$ for example. $t$ is an indeterminate Now in Maple this is simply as ...
2
votes
4answers
238 views

Working with symmetric polynomials

I have a question related to working with symmetric polynomials in some variables. Let us say, I have an expression ...
2
votes
2answers
629 views

Calculating Taylor polynomial of an implicit function given by an equation

I'd like to write a procedure that will take an equation: F(x,y,z) = 0 chosen variable: x a point: ...
4
votes
3answers
315 views

Finding parameters making real part of eigenvalues vanish

I have the following $\;3\times3$ matrix: $\left( \begin{array}{ccc} 0.04 -0.4 b & 0 & 0.04 -0.4 b \\ 0 & -0.08-1.2 b & -0.06-0.9 b \\ 1.04 -0.4 b & 2.08 -0.8 b & 0 ...
1
vote
2answers
341 views

solving for one solution to a system of polynomials

I'm trying to solve a system of equations: ...
12
votes
4answers
836 views

Is there a way to Collect[] for more than one symbol?

Oftentimes you find yourself looking for polynomials in multiple variables. Consider the following expression: a(x - y)^3 + b(x - y) + c(x - y) + d as you can ...
7
votes
3answers
319 views

How can we plot the complex roots of an equation?

If we'd like to display the $n$ roots of a polynomial on the complex plane as points, how can we do this? For example, if we have the equation $x^3 + x^2 + x + 1$, how can we plot the 3 roots as ...
6
votes
5answers
208 views

Lowering the degree of an polynomial with an assumption that the polynomial has a factor x^2+ax+b

Let's assume $ x^{10}+x^5+1 $ has a factor $x^2+ax+b$ Then, If $x^2=-ax-b$, $ x^{10}+x^5+1 =0$. If we successively apply $x^2=-ax-b$ to $ x^{10}+x^5+1 $, we can make $ x^{10}+x^5+1 $ to degree 1, ...
6
votes
3answers
568 views

What function can I use to evaluate $(x+y)^2$ to $x^2 + 2xy + y^2$?

What function can I use to evaluate $(x+y)^2$ to $x^2 + 2xy + y^2$? I want to evaluate It and I've tried to use the most obvious way: simply typing and evaluating $(x+y)^2$, But it gives me only ...
3
votes
2answers
284 views

Tweaking Solve for systems of polynomial equations

I am trying to solve the following system of $6$ quadratic equations in $6$ variables: ...
11
votes
4answers
956 views

How do I find the degree of a multivariable polynomial automatically?

I have a very simple question which appears not to have already been answered on this forum. Is there built-in functionality that returns the degree of a multivariable polynomial? For example if the ...
10
votes
2answers
403 views

How to deduce a generator formula for a polynomial sequence?

Consider a polynomial sequence $\{p_n\}$ generated by some (simple) rule: $$ \begin{array}{l} p_1(x)=x \\ p_2(x)=2 x-x^2 \\ p_3(x)= x^3-3 x^2+3 x \\ p_4(x)=-x^4+4 x^3-6 x^2+4 x \\ p_5(x)= x^5-5 ...
6
votes
1answer
164 views

The third argument of the Root function

Consider the roots of an arbitrary indecomposable polynomial: sol = Solve[x^5 + 2 x + 1 == 0, x] The returned expression is ...
6
votes
2answers
355 views

3D Plot: Number of Roots in x of a polynomial in x, a, b and c

I have a polynomial in four variables x,a,b and c. The number of roots of the polynomial in x depends of the choice of a, b and c. I would like to have a 3D-Plot with a, b and c on the axes, while the ...
4
votes
4answers
90 views

CoefficientRules for negative powers

CoefficientRules acts like the following. ...
4
votes
2answers
241 views

Why doesn't Roots work on a certain quartic polynomial equation?

In everything that follows I am using Roots to get the solutions to the equations. I start off with this equation: $$ \frac{A}{3}x^4 - x^2 + 2ax - b^2 = 0$$ Now ...
4
votes
2answers
185 views

Dimension of an algebraic variety

I would like to compute, using Groebner bases, the dimension of the variety defined by a set of polynomials in several variables. In the wikipedia page the method is described, and an implementation ...
4
votes
2answers
671 views

Inverse of a polynomial in a polynomial ring

Let $N$ be a prime, and $q$ be a positive integer. Given a polynomial $f(x)$ in $R = \mathbb Z[x]/(x^N-1)$, I want to find another polynomial $f_q(x)$ in $R_q = \mathbb Z_q[x]/(x^N-1)$, such that ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

How can Mathematica help me to find a real radical expression for roots of this polynomial?‎

The polynomial P(x)=x^‎‏4‏‎-‎‏4‏x^‎‏2‏‎-‎‏2‏x+‎‏1‏‎ has ‎‏4‏‎ real roots (this can be clearly checked by plotting). But solving ...
2
votes
2answers
218 views

Generating complete lists of polynomials

I would like to generate a list of all $3$-variable Laurent polynomials with non-negative integer coefficients using a looping construct so that I can, one-by-one, check them for specific ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

How to transform an expression using algebraical instead of pattern rules [duplicate]

I would like to transform rules algebraically. A very simple example would be: - k^2 - 2 k x + x^2 /. {2*k -> 1} This transforms to: - $$k^2-2 k x+x^2$$ ...
1
vote
2answers
254 views

Approximate solution to system of polynomial equations

I'd like to solve approximately the following system of equations for $a_1$, $a_2$, $\alpha_1$ and $\alpha_2$ all real and nonzero: ...
1
vote
3answers
939 views

The plot of roots of polynomials

I have polynomial equation like Tribonacci Polynomials for example: $T_3(x)=x^4+x$. After finding the roots of this polynomial, I want to show these roots in the complex plane. I have tried lots of ...
0
votes
1answer
149 views

Determinant of a square matrix with univariate polynomial entries is not a polynom? [closed]

I have a 15x15 Matrix with all polynomial entries. I want to calculate the determinant of the matrix. To my understanding the determinant should be a (albeit high order) polynom, too. And the paper, I ...
0
votes
2answers
178 views

Dynamically change the variables plotted against in Plot3D

This question posed by @Cam is the closest I can find to my question but I feel that the answers don't really guide me in the way in which I'd like to proceed.... How do I dynamically change ...