Questions on expression testing and manipulation through pattern matching and constructing efficient patterns.

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4
votes
1answer
100 views

Dot when used in a pattern becomes Times… Why?

In[1] := Hold[a.b] // FullForm Out[1] := Hold[Dot[a,b]] So far so good. ...
6
votes
2answers
524 views

How to test whether an expression is a valid variable?

I would like to test whether an argument is a valid variable for functions like Solve and DSolve. For instance several ...
11
votes
2answers
354 views

Using Except with strings

Suppose that I have the following sample list, called list: list = {"bBb", "aAa", "aaa"}; Now suppose I want to select the ...
4
votes
1answer
143 views

Selecting expressions from a sequence that are not subexpressions of earlier elements

I have a While loop that generates and prints an expression on each iteration (there can be thousands of iterations). UPDATE: Some expressions are generated in ...
4
votes
2answers
101 views

Pattern-rewriting Pattern triggers error?

I am trying to rewrite patterns. For example, I'd like to rewrite the pattern jFoo_Integer which has FullForm ...
9
votes
2answers
285 views

Orderless pattern matching of rule lists

I am looking for a compact way to specify a pattern to match a rule list with MatchQ that allows for enumerating the rules in the rule list in an arbitrary order. E....
16
votes
4answers
492 views

How to enumerate all possible binary associations?

Suppose I have a list of symbols like: {a,b,c,d} I would like to enumerate all possible binary associations (combining symbols and/or sublists pairwise): ...
3
votes
2answers
237 views

String pattern matching & replacement

I would like to find all occurrences of a full stop "." followed by a capital letter in a string and have these replaced with a "; ". How do I do this in Mathematica? e.g. ...
17
votes
1answer
261 views

Bug in RepeatedNull?

RepeatedNull appears to be buggy (versions 8.0, and 9.0). Define f as follows: ...
4
votes
5answers
361 views

Pattern matching in nested lists

I'm sure this has been asked before, but I can't find the right combination of search keywords to find it. Apologies. I want to do a ReplaceAll on a list of lists, ...
4
votes
0answers
271 views

Syntax error for optional pattern, but only in debugger

This expression (explained here by Leonid) evaluates fine unless Evaluation->Debugger is enabled: h[x : (_Integer) : 1] := x Syntax::sntxf: "x:" cannot be ...
6
votes
4answers
341 views

Is there a more Mathematica-y way to label these plots?

I am studying an infinite square well in the context of quantum mechanics. ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Function to differentiate between date pattern and specific string format

I'd like to write a function that behaves one way when the argument is a Mathematica date, such as {2013,12,15}, or with added hours, minutes and seconds if ...
2
votes
1answer
267 views

How to create a SparseArray satisfying multiple conditions on Parts and Elements of a Matrix?

I have a matrix m1 of size $3 \times 19$. Rows $1$, $2$ and $3$ represent $3$ different groups, and columns represent $4$ different blocks: block1 - columns $1$, ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Matching Root[…] objects with patterns, unexpected hidden argument

I needed to write patterns that could distinguish between arbitrary-function and polynomial forms of Root objects, for example, ...
1
vote
1answer
859 views

How to effectively compare two sentences and say both are equal

want to compare two text file. Suppose file AA contains following text ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Pattern matching list elements in pure functions [duplicate]

Pattern matching here is a functional programming term, but it might be called differently in Mathematica, I'm not sure. It is possible to match the elements of the list in a regular function ...
6
votes
3answers
217 views

Using PatternTest and/or Condition to detect equal list lengths as well as list element formats

On searching Mathematica.SE for information about overloading functions, I came across several threads about PatternTest and ...
4
votes
3answers
229 views

Simplifying expression with patterns (Replace)

Q1: I need to simplify some algebraic expression, according to particular pattern, namely: \begin{equation*} x^m = \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} 1 & \text{if } m \text{ is even} \\ x & \text{if }...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Substitute complex functions into complicated polynomials

Mathematica has some strange way of sorting terms. It seems that it is using a canonical sort on expressions, e.g. $\mathbb{i} \sin[x] \cos[y] \cos[z]$ is returned as $\mathbb{i} \cos[y] \cos[z] \sin[...
3
votes
1answer
397 views

Extract date from a not well-formed string

Is there a way to robustly extract date and time from a text? Say for example: ...The event will be held on 17/10/2013 at 3:30 PM in the room 121 and everyone is welcome... should return: <...
13
votes
10answers
741 views

Counting sublists containing 0

Given a list: data = {{0, 2}, {0, 0}, {1, 0}, {1, 2}, {2, 3}}. I would like to count the number of sublists which contain zero. ...
5
votes
1answer
393 views

Use Pattern with Vectors in Assumptions

I had a problem using Pattern with Vectors in Assumptions. Here's how I use ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

Elegant transformation of various rules to strings, {f[z_] -> y} becomes “f = @(z) y”

Assume that I have some function for transformation mathematica expressions to strings. For simplicity, just assume it is an identity: ...
3
votes
1answer
257 views

Is there a way to simplify this replacement rule

I have a rather big expression which contains many sums of form q x + w y. I know that y is much smaller than ...
14
votes
2answers
354 views

Pattern to match L, but not L[_]

I have an expression where I want to replace L but not L[_] For example, the following doesn't work and ...
13
votes
5answers
729 views

How to remove duplicate characters from a string?

How do you remove duplicate characters in a string without converting the string to a list. I want to delete all duplicate characters in a string (i.e. get the unsorted union of characters). For ...
9
votes
1answer
126 views

Why can't I remove the {0, 0} in Circle[{0, 0}] using pattern matching?

Why does Circle[{0, 0}] /. List[_?NumericQ ..] :> Sequence[] return Circle[{0, 0}] yet ...
2
votes
3answers
452 views

How to manipulate log arguments?

A common problem I have with Mathematica is needing to manipulate the arguments of logarithms. Typically, I need to take ratios of the log arguments Mathematica gives me by default. That's to say ...
2
votes
0answers
444 views

NDSolve Issue with initial conditions

I am trying to implement a Poincare section for a gravitational movement on the plane $(x,y)$. Here is the code I wrote ...
5
votes
2answers
274 views

How to get complement of a pattern

I have a list. I want to get all the elements in that list which do not match a given pattern. That is, I want the strings which do not match any of the following patterns: First and last characters ...
3
votes
1answer
248 views

Use of StringExpression as argument

Is it possible to use a StringExpression as a pattern for an argument? I.E. something like foo[chars__~~ WordCharacter.. ~~ num:NumberString] := {chars, num}; At ...
1
vote
1answer
235 views

Do any users know of methods to capture Twitter feeds and subject them to analysis? [duplicate]

I would like to use the output of about 300 Twitter sources and would probably collect 30 minutes of tweets at a time and subject each collection to analysis; ideally this process would be automatic ...
20
votes
1answer
232 views

How to get Cases to wrap results in an arbitrary head?

A number of functions provide for results to be wrapped in an arbitrary head. This is very important in cases where the results should not be evaluated. Take Level...
2
votes
3answers
613 views

Select sublists with second element nearest to zero

I've got some big lists from which i need some data (one of the big lists). To be specific, I need to divide this biglists in sublists of the same length (10000), and form a new list with the mean of ...
5
votes
2answers
133 views

Pattern Matching with Indexed Object

If I have a list of rules associated with indexed variables like: solution = {a[1] -> 1, a[2] -> 10, a[3] -> 100} I would like to be able to extract all ...
8
votes
3answers
211 views

Select and Blank

I try to filter sublists of a list which match a pattern. test = {{"String1", "a"}, {"String2", "b"}, {"String3", "a"}, {"String4", "a"}}; The result should be:...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

Add Pattern to List Removing Duplicates

Lets say I have a list of patterns ...
4
votes
7answers
533 views

Given a symbolic expression how to find if starts with a minus or not?

I am using a Mathematica function which returns some error term in symbolic form. I needed a way to determine if this term starts with a minus sign or not. There will be only one term. This is to ...
6
votes
3answers
355 views

Match a sequence of integers

I would to match a pattern p1 = 0,0,1,0,0 to the elements in listA. The elements are a boolean sequence that may look like this ...
7
votes
2answers
338 views

Using MatchQ (or other means) to parse an expression using sums of COS or SIN correctly

I am writing a function that will take an expression as input. I want to make sure the expression is valid first before processing it. Looking for a correct to use ...
12
votes
3answers
266 views

Pattern matching on Orderless functions inside Hold

MatchQ[Hold[1 + 2], Hold[2 + 1]] returns False. But in the presence of a Blank[] in the ...
4
votes
4answers
537 views

Listing matrices up to symmetry

I am interested in the equivalence relation on N x N binary matrices, in which two matrices are equivalent if one can be obtained by rotating/reflecting the other. I would like to obtain a list ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Detecting a more general pattern [duplicate]

I need a function that, given 2 patterns, determines if the first pattern is more general than the second (i.e. that any expression successfully matched by the second, will be successfully matched by ...
9
votes
1answer
104 views

Apply N only outside a certain function

1 + f[1] // N gives 1. + f[1.] I don't want the argument of f evaluated by N; I ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

How to define Similarity Rules?

I have a question about Mathematica's SimilarityRules defining (for e.g. SequenceAlignment function). So help centre clearly ...
10
votes
4answers
250 views

Is it possible to separately call the default value of a variable which isn't at the end of the sequence?

After reading this post I recalled an old question I once met. We know that we can set default values for variables of a function: ...
5
votes
2answers
245 views

Extract substring by repeated StringPattern

This code failed, but may exemplify my intention. StringCases["aA1bbbbbbbbbbaA2baA3b...aA4b",Repeated[Shortest["a"~~xx__~~"b"],{2,100}]] I want to get the ...
4
votes
2answers
257 views

How can I replace the general element of a geometric series with the sum of the series?

Consider the list mylist = {b(a/bc t)^r, a/b(b t)^r, a (c/d t)^r, ...} where a, b, c, t, etc., are real numbers between 0 and 1. I want to sum each term in the ...
23
votes
7answers
1k views

Elegant and fast way to join all string sequences

I want to do what title says: {"a","b",1,2,3,4,"a",2,2,2,"edg","?"} => {"ab",1,2,3,4,"a",2,2,2,"edg?"} in the most elegant way. For example one replacement rule for ...