Questions on expression testing and manipulation through pattern matching and constructing efficient patterns.

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4
votes
1answer
458 views

Extracting text from nested HTML lists <ul> <li>

We wish to analyze the tree structure of HTML documents that consist of nested lists, ie, using the HTML tags <ul> and ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

How to apply multiple/complicated requirements for a pattern in a function input [duplicate]

In this question. I suggested that to test whether the input of a function was a matrix of numbers one could create the following test: ...
6
votes
2answers
240 views

Variable scoping problem when mapping over delayed replacement

This is something that got me curious while I was playing around with Mathematica. Consider the following (contrived) example: ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Flat function with repeated sequence

There are functions like Join[ ] that accept a variable number of arguments. Join is a flat function, as the order of arguments ...
4
votes
2answers
498 views

Write a function that returns the logarithmic derivative

How can we write a function that if we input an expression f, it returns the log derivative $\frac{1}{f} \frac{df}{dx}$. We have to use a conditional or pattern test so that the function accepts any ...
3
votes
0answers
165 views

I am missing a function like HoldPattern

Temporary message: I am planning to edit this question, making the examples less confusing and by moving the things that are confusing to a separate question For any confusion about expressions that ...
14
votes
3answers
194 views

What does `: Hold[$IterationLimit]` mean?

In this answer, what does the : Hold[$IterationLimit] part of the following construct do? ...
10
votes
1answer
875 views

Mathematica equivalent of regex '\w{2,3}'

It beats me to write the Mathematica pattern equivalent to the regex: \w{2,3} Any ideas?
3
votes
2answers
105 views

Select gives different answers in versions 8 and 9

Consider the code below: s = Solve[(3 - Cos[4*x])*(Sin[x] - Cos[x]) == 2, x, InverseFunctions -> True]; Select[s[[All, 1, 2]], Element[#, Reals] &] In MMA ...
13
votes
1answer
337 views

I can't use PatternSequence with Cases

I have a list of integers: s = {4, 5, 5, 6, 2, 5, 3, 2, 4, 2, 1, 1, 4, 3, 4, 3, 1, 6, 3, 4}; And if I do this, both occurrences of 4 after 3 are replaced. ...
17
votes
5answers
2k views

The difference between 0. and 0

I have a function for which 0 is a special case: f[A___, 0, B___] := 0 But since I am doing numerics, sometimes in the course ...
3
votes
1answer
183 views

Problem with | operator in pattern matching

My first question here as I only got into Mathematica programming recently. Basically I have a large symbolic algebraic expression where I know certain variables with head pε appear with degree 2 in ...
1
vote
2answers
260 views

Deep Pattern matching with repeating arguments

I have a function that accepts a single argument that is described by the following grammar: ...
3
votes
1answer
732 views

Adjacency List representation of a graph

I am looking to draw a graph knowing a simple adjacency representation of the graph like: A = {{1, 3}, {2, 3}, {3, 4, 5}, {4, 5}, {5}} Where ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

transformation patterns don't work with constants

I want to do the reverse of PowerExpand and convert 2*Log[x+y] to Log[(x+y)^2]. The rule: t_ Log[x_] -> Log[x^t] works for ...
5
votes
1answer
299 views

Why does this pattern for combining two lists require triple underscores (___) to work?

I understand that __ is a list of one or more elements, and that ___ is 0 or more elements, but when I try this rule with 2 ...
6
votes
2answers
305 views

Rule for orderless function Times

I have problems extending a replacement rule. Schematically, this is the situation: I have an expression and a rule, and they work perfectly together. ...
11
votes
3answers
998 views

Passing down arguments

In R, one can use ... to pass arguments down to another function. For example ...
1
vote
2answers
148 views

Named patterns as function argument descriptors

I have a function timeToMinutes that takes a 24-hour time as a string argument (in digital clock format, e.g., "15:47") and converts it to the number of minutes ...
13
votes
3answers
338 views

Question about using a pattern in ReplacePart

I noticed that "ReplacePart" can use pattern. For example: ReplacePart[{{0, 0, 0}, {0, 0, 0}, {0, 0, 0}}, {i_, i_} -> x] {{x, 0, 0}, {0, x, 0}, {0, 0, x}} So ...
5
votes
2answers
364 views

Keep Ordering of Bra Ket When Printing

I would like to keep the ordering of the bra ket-print but right now this doesn't happen. Any Idea? I tried playing with HoldForm but then i could evaluate the expression inside properly ...
5
votes
0answers
240 views

Convert logical relational expression to / from disjunctive and conjunctive forms?

I would like to convert logical relational expressions in disjunctive form, e.g., $$(x \lt -1) \lor (-1 \lt x \lt +1) \lor (x \gt +1)$$ into conjunctive form, e.g., $$(x \ne -1) \land (x \ne +1)$$ ...
11
votes
2answers
540 views

Soft-Match String Comparison

I have a list of names in which I would like to check for duplicates. However, within the list, the duplicates may not show up as exact duplicates of each other - for instance, ...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

Extending D for four-derivatives

I'm currently trying to consistently define rules for extending D[] to four-derivatives. As 'backend' I'm using the package TRACER (http://library.wolfram.com/infocenter/MathSource/2987/), which can ...
2
votes
1answer
240 views

Using transformation rules to manipulate expressions

I'm trying out Mathematica as a replacement for LaTeX for typesetting math. It works very well, but I would like to take advantage of Mathematica's computer algebra capabilities as well. Specifically, ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

Downvalues vs. Scoping for Functions

Regarding my recent question on using a default value for a function argument when a pattern was not met yielded some interesting answers, but the general consensus was "Yes this can be done, but ...
6
votes
4answers
635 views

Function argument to default under certain condition

Inspired by this and this question (and how I handle this in practice), what is the best way to default a function value when a certain condition is met? For example, if a function is defined as: ...
4
votes
2answers
181 views

How to achieve Set+Part like behaviour in custom Set function?

So I've been toiling away on my DataFrame package. I've been trying to get Set to work with it, but it seems it either can't be done (ie via ...
4
votes
2answers
144 views

Get DownValues that do not involve patterns?

Say I have a function with a few definitions that also implements memoization: f[x_] := f[x] = x^2 f[x_, y_] := f[x, y] = x^2 + y^2 I then apply the function to ...
10
votes
3answers
365 views

Patternmatching sets

How to match set-patterns against sets? A set (in the mathematical sense) is a list of elements without repetition and order of elements does not matter. For example, we have a pattern set ...
6
votes
2answers
324 views

Fastest way to test if a numerical array has complex elements

I am looking for the fastest way to test whether an n-dimensional numerical (NumericQ) array (in the ArrayQ sense) is complex or ...
9
votes
5answers
379 views

How can I remove matching sublists from my list?

I want to use DeleteCases (or any appropriate function) to remove elements of a list, which in turn are lists of fixed size. The rule I wish to apply is that any ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Detect highest order of derivative in expression?

Is it possible to detect the highest order (or generally all orders) of derivatives in an expression? Consider eqn = D[a[x,t],t] == D[a[x,t],x,x] How would I go ...
5
votes
2answers
270 views

Pattern matching repeated structures with named subexpression components

I am trying to write a function with a pattern that tests its arguments for a particular structure. But in that pattern I'd like to name a subpattern to make it easier to exract and operate on. The ...
4
votes
2answers
114 views

Pattern match any member of a Context

Let's say I have four functions: x, y, X`x, and X`y. ...
5
votes
2answers
220 views
2
votes
1answer
239 views

Convert boolean test function to pattern?

What is a "reverse" to MatchQ? MatchQ converts pattern into boolean function. So how to convert back? Suppose I want to use ...
-1
votes
3answers
199 views

How to systematically classify Mathematica expressions?

How to systematically classify Mathematica expressions? I can think of using Head[], Depth[], ...
10
votes
3answers
833 views

Pattern matching a pattern with patterns

Confusing title, I know. But the question is, if we have two patterns which have the same general structure but different names used in the patterns and different names: ...
17
votes
1answer
952 views

How to Combine Pattern Constraints and Default Values for Function Arguments

EDIT: As several respondents have noted in the answers and comments below, the original example had a default value that would never be used because of the way patterns and default values are ...
6
votes
2answers
229 views

Is it possible to use PatternTest and Optional value on one Pattern simultaneously? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to Combine Pattern Constraints and Default Values for Function Arguments First a simple example: define a function "add" with two arguments, and its second argument ...
8
votes
1answer
238 views

Is it possible to specify a context-sensitive, “depth-agnostic” rewrite rule?

I'm using the term "depth-agnostic" in this post to describe structural patterns featuring a "target" sub-pattern that can occur "at any depth" relative to one or more "context" sub-patterns. As a ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

How do I combine the data from two tables according to a rule of my own devising?

I have two matrices a = m x 5 and b =m x 5 (m is large, say 1,000) which are already sorted as below: How to generate a new matrix c = m x 5 which consists: Column 1: exact replica of Column 1 ...
-1
votes
2answers
537 views

Correct way to compare arrays and do conditional evaluations

I would like to compare two arrays a=: and b= and get: using: (b/.(b_?Positive->a+b))//MatrixForm but this doesn't seem to work? Can ...
1
vote
2answers
299 views

How to generate patterns by a list of integers

I have a list of integers {3,4,2,2}. This list will give patterns {x_,_,y_,y_,_,_,z_,z_,w_,w_,x_} and ...
14
votes
3answers
381 views

Make mathematica treat $e_i^2$ as numeric

With NumericQ[symbol] = True, I can declare that a symbol is numeric. I want the expressions matching: $$e_{\text{i$\_$}?\text{IntegerQ}}^2$$ to be treated as ...
8
votes
2answers
412 views

How to Enable Syntax Coloring of Pattern Match Variable Only (i.e. Without Coloring any Associated Pattern)?

Syntax coloring for the following function definition foo[x_List] := ... will color green (and italicize by default) the argument name ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

How to make a pattern to change x^(2/y) to (x^2)^(1/y) for any x and y?

This might have been asked before. Please let me know if it is. I was looking at an interesting Mathematica question in students forum and trying to solve it, and a chance to learn more about ...
1
vote
2answers
207 views

A function that only evaluates on lists of pairs [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why doesn’t PatternTest work with Composition? I'd like my function to only evaluate when the argument is a list of pairs. It seems like ...