Questions on expression testing and manipulation through pattern matching and constructing efficient patterns.

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3
votes
2answers
162 views

Why wouldn't ReplaceAll (/.) work with this list of number? [closed]

The answer to this might be simple, but why would ReplaceAll return such a weird result when replacing a number in a list of numbers: ...
3
votes
3answers
225 views

How to do Cases with multiple related patterns?

I would like to write a function similar to Cases, but can search for a group of related patterns together. For example, ...
3
votes
1answer
248 views

How do you pattern match a DataDistribution

I have a function, f[dist_, samp_]:=somework[dist, samp] that I want to return Null or zero if passed a null distribution. I ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

Power[__] Pattern works like Level

I came across this case: ...
3
votes
2answers
103 views

Select gives different answers in versions 8 and 9

Consider the code below: s = Solve[(3 - Cos[4*x])*(Sin[x] - Cos[x]) == 2, x, InverseFunctions -> True]; Select[s[[All, 1, 2]], Element[#, Reals] &] In MMA ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

Detect highest order of derivative in expression?

Is it possible to detect the highest order (or generally all orders) of derivatives in an expression? Consider eqn = D[a[x,t],t] == D[a[x,t],x,x] How would I go ...
3
votes
1answer
146 views

Set promotes Rule to RuleDelayed?

In mentally building a model of how Mathematica works, I naively expected Set to create a Rule in a symbol's ...
3
votes
2answers
120 views

What is the correct way to pattern match nested lists?

I have the following function: f[lst_List /; MatchQ[lst, SOME PATTERN HERE]] := ({#[[1]] + #[[2]], #[[1]] - #[[2]]} &) /@ lst; I want to match lists that ...
3
votes
3answers
166 views

StringCases using RegularExpression fails when there is missing data

I got some text scraps with this structure "Focal Plane: 198' Active Aid to Navigation: Yes *Latitude: 35.250 N *Longitude: -75.529 W" But some of them lack ...
3
votes
1answer
211 views

Covariant derivative for symbolic tensors

I want to define a "prefix" (D_i) covariant derivative operator CD[] for symbolic tensors in form of a function, i.e. for ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Elegant way to match a list with only certain types of elements

I'm working on learning Mathematica programming for personal edification and am trying to find a more elegant way to do a matching expression which will match only a list containing elements that are ...
3
votes
2answers
105 views

More general pattern fails to match everything the more specific pattern does.

When I input this: MatchQ[x*SF[a,b] + y*SF[c,d], Plus[Times[x,SF[a,b]],Times[y,SF[c,d]]]] I get "True" as expected. But If I change it to: ...
3
votes
2answers
137 views

Get DownValues that do not involve patterns?

Say I have a function with a few definitions that also implements memoization: f[x_] := f[x] = x^2 f[x_, y_] := f[x, y] = x^2 + y^2 I then apply the function to ...
3
votes
1answer
189 views

Pattern matching a multivariate derivative

I can extract the parameters of a single variable derivative with the rule D[f[x], x] /. Derivative[order_][fcn_][variable_] -> {order, fcn, variable} ...
3
votes
2answers
126 views

Convert matrix rows into variables

Can anyone show me how to set all matrix rows to variables. For example, I have matrix w={{1,2,3},{3,2,1},{0,0,0}} and I need to set each matrix row to be separate ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

Is there a way to simplify this replacement rule

I have a rather big expression which contains many sums of form q x + w y. I know that y is much smaller than ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

FreeQ and arguments of Hypergeometric2F1

I was trying to use FreeQ to test for the presence of Hypergeometric2F1 functions in my expressions. I encountered the following ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

How to Override the Head of a Symbol

I was wondering if it is possible to override the head of symbols/operators. As a motivating example if I run: Then Ket will be returned. But lets say I want Bob to be returned instead of Ket. Is ...
3
votes
1answer
207 views

Extract date from a not well-formed string

Is there a way to robustly extract date and time from a text? Say for example: ...The event will be held on 17/10/2013 at 3:30 PM in the room 121 and everyone is welcome... should return: ...
3
votes
2answers
105 views

How to apply multiple/complicated requirements for a pattern in a function input [duplicate]

In this question. I suggested that to test whether the input of a function was a matrix of numbers one could create the following test: ...
3
votes
1answer
543 views

Adjacency List representation of a graph

I am looking to draw a graph knowing a simple adjacency representation of the graph like: A = {{1, 3}, {2, 3}, {3, 4, 5}, {4, 5}, {5}} Where ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

Removing non-word characters in certain parts of a string

I would like to ask how I can remove non-word characters from a string, but only in certain cases. I have read this article, so I know how to get the words out of a string. My text is however a bit ...
3
votes
4answers
68 views

Pattern for finding matches that are different [duplicate]

I am trying to solve the following problem. I have tuples of size 3 {{a, b, c}, {a, b, c}, {a, b, c}} I would like to find cases where all the elements in a ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Custom operators; custom pattern matching with pure functions

What I'm trying to achieve in Mathematica is the creation of a binary operator whose operands are both pure functions over the natural numbers. The result of the operator should be another pure ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

How to localize symbols on the right-hand side of Rule when using ReplaceAll?

I am frustrated by the following: {1, 2, 3.0} /. a_Integer -> a + 1 The a on the left side of the arrow is localized and ...
3
votes
2answers
186 views

Finding similar expressions in list

I have a function that returns to me lists of expressions, like: ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Inheritance in Mathematica using pattern matching on UpValues

Edit: I think in my original post, I missed emphasizing the main point. This is mainly a pattern matching question. If you're interested in the 'why' of this question, please read the original post ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Use of StringExpression as argument

Is it possible to use a StringExpression as a pattern for an argument? I.E. something like foo[chars__~~ WordCharacter.. ~~ num:NumberString] := {chars, num}; At ...
3
votes
3answers
226 views

Write a function using pattern test to test whether the input is polynomial and print error message if not

I am doing this which is supposed to be an easy problem and which I think my code should be correct but for some reasons it is not working. May anyone help correcting my mistakes? How should I write ...
3
votes
1answer
127 views

How to make a pattern to change x^(2/y) to (x^2)^(1/y) for any x and y?

This might have been asked before. Please let me know if it is. I was looking at an interesting Mathematica question in students forum and trying to solve it, and a chance to learn more about ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

How to define patterns to filter lists of replacement rules? [closed]

I have a list of replacement rules like list˘of˘replacement˘rules = {a -> 1, b -> 2, c -> 3} and I want to filter all the elements where ‘b’ is replaced ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Why does pattern test not work in this case to restrict the function parameters?

I was looking at this Q&A about using pattern test (pattern_?test) vs pattern condition (pattern_/;cond) and came across ...
3
votes
2answers
143 views

truncating terms in symbolic expression basing on their values

I need to simplify big symbolic solution of equations system by truncating terms that are orders of magnitude less then others in subexpressions like a + b. The solution is big fraction with sum of ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Problem with | operator in pattern matching

My first question here as I only got into Mathematica programming recently. Basically I have a large symbolic algebraic expression where I know certain variables with head pε appear with degree 2 in ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

Extending D for four-derivatives

I'm currently trying to consistently define rules for extending D[] to four-derivatives. As 'backend' I'm using the package TRACER (http://library.wolfram.com/infocenter/MathSource/2987/), which can ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

Downvalues vs. Scoping for Functions

Regarding my recent question on using a default value for a function argument when a pattern was not met yielded some interesting answers, but the general consensus was "Yes this can be done, but ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Recognizing Matching Colors in a Game Grid from a Camera Image

I am relatively new to Mathematica, having taken my first serious dive into it this week. As a fun project to teach myself some of the basics, I've come up with a goal of optimally solving a game ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Need help in building a pattern [duplicate]

Suppose I have the following list: list = {w, r, {f, first, t, y}, {a, y}, last, {k, r, first, e}, m, e, last, r, t} I am expecting this ...
3
votes
1answer
128 views

Why even try the semantic constraints, if expression can't match the pattern structure?

This result is unexpected: Trace[MatchQ[{7}, {_?NumberQ, __}], NumberQ] (* -> {{NumberQ[7], True}} *) Why evaluate ...
3
votes
0answers
143 views

I am missing a function like HoldPattern

Temporary message: I am planning to edit this question, making the examples less confusing and by moving the things that are confusing to a separate question For any confusion about expressions that ...
2
votes
4answers
509 views

More elegant way

I read ReplaceOrRemoveInvalidOrMissingData Mathematica documentation, and I tried to apply the same approach to my dataset. I've got two problems, but one is only a style problem! There is one more ...
2
votes
3answers
116 views

Cases do not return all expected result

I have the following line code: Cases[g[h, r, t, b, m], x_[__, y_, __] -> y, {0, -1}] I am expecting the results to be ...
2
votes
2answers
369 views

Write a function that returns the logarithmic derivative

How can we write a function that if we input an expression f, it returns the log derivative $\frac{1}{f} \frac{df}{dx}$. We have to use a conditional or pattern test so that the function accepts any ...
2
votes
3answers
360 views

Select sublists with second element nearest to zero

I've got some big lists from which i need some data (one of the big lists). To be specific, I need to divide this biglists in sublists of the same length (10000), and form a new list with the mean of ...
2
votes
3answers
124 views

Applying several patterns to `Split`

Please consider the following: Split[data, patterns &] patterns=Not[#=="a"]&&Not[#=="b"]&&...&&Not[#=="blabla"]; How can I define ...
2
votes
2answers
113 views

Matching a case when one element in a pair is Null

I've got a dataset of laitutdes and longitudes. Unfortunately, some of the dataset was from when a time when lat/longs weren't constantly recorded. So I need to remove the invalid data before working ...
2
votes
2answers
327 views

Pattern test for variables during function definition

I am having a problem with pattern testing on variables during function definition ...
2
votes
2answers
114 views

Using FreeQ with implicit functions

In Mathematica 7, I want to determine whether a list of free of numbers greater than 1 or not. It seems like using FreeQ would be a concise way to do this: ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Find names similar to a given name in a large data set

I'm trying to find a 'similar' name to every item in a list ...