Questions on expression testing and manipulation through pattern matching and constructing efficient patterns.

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2
votes
3answers
123 views

Cases do not return all expected result

I have the following line code: Cases[g[h, r, t, b, m], x_[__, y_, __] -> y, {0, -1}] I am expecting the results to be ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Why does pattern test not work in this case to restrict the function parameters?

I was looking at this Q&A about using pattern test (pattern_?test) vs pattern condition (pattern_/;cond) and came across ...
15
votes
2answers
474 views

Quick way to use conditioned patterns when defining multi-argument function?

I have a simple function that is supposed to only accept numeric values (i.e. complex/real numbers and constant symbols e.g. Pi, E). $$f(a,b,c)=a+b+c$$ Edit: I should have chosen a less simple ...
6
votes
3answers
229 views

Converting expressions to “edges” for use in TreePlot, Graph

This question is similar to this: Nested list to graph. How to "flatten" an arbitrary expression, eg expr = a[b[c, d[e][f], g], h] to a list of key-value pairs ...
10
votes
9answers
1k views

How can a power of 0 or 1 be replaced?

Consider this given example for ReplaceAll 1 + x^2 + x^4 /. x^p_ -> f[p] This returns ...
5
votes
1answer
233 views

More efficient Omnibus number determination?

Amusing myself with concepts from "Omnibus Sequences, Coupon Collection, and Missing Word Counts", in particular the sequences. To paraphrase the concept, a string is k-Omni over some alphabet a if ...
4
votes
2answers
209 views

Alternatives ordering affects pattern matching in Cases?

Given expr = f[x, g[y], z] In the following query, the pattern h_[__, c_] appears as last slot in ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

how to take some parts of String with certain pattern

I have the large number of files in which the file's names follow certain pattern. for example here are names of two files ...
2
votes
2answers
93 views

Find names similar to a given name in a large data set

I'm trying to find a 'similar' name to every item in a list ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

How can I extract all the non-number symbols from an expression [duplicate]

If I have an expression, let us say something like this: Cos[3 x] + π/cofe Exp[y^(c z)] how can I get all non-number symbols in the expression which are: ...
1
vote
2answers
133 views

Searching for phrases in a block of text

One could call this a pattern finding question with dictionary (or WolframAlpha) lookup, but let me give you some background first. I have a couple of friends who are trying to improve their English ...
8
votes
1answer
159 views

CSS Selectors for Symbolic XML

Symbolic XML is a convenient way of managing XML in Mathematica, at least for casual use or small tasks. Here and elsewhere you can find examples of XML handling in Mathematica, including XSLT/XPath ...
1
vote
2answers
165 views

dropping a row with at least one value larger than a particular value

So for instance I have M X N table. I want to drop any row which has an element larger than, say, one in the second or the third column. I guess I have to do some sort of pattern matching. But not ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Pattern matching to head with HoldFirst

I want to define a function that only operates on expressions with a head from a given list, such as f[expr:(_And|_Or)] := Print["LHS is ", expr[[1]]]; This of ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Placement of pattern matching rules in functions [duplicate]

Is there any difference at all between f[x_Integer /; x >= 0] := x + 1; f[x_Integer] := x - 1; f[x_] := Null; and ...
3
votes
1answer
180 views

Custom operators; custom pattern matching with pure functions

What I'm trying to achieve in Mathematica is the creation of a binary operator whose operands are both pure functions over the natural numbers. The result of the operator should be another pure ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

How to localize symbols on the right-hand side of Rule when using ReplaceAll? [duplicate]

I am frustrated by the following: {1, 2, 3.0} /. a_Integer -> a + 1 The a on the left side of the arrow is localized and ...
0
votes
1answer
142 views

Extracting graphics primitives from a Graphics expression with ReplaceAll

If we have a graphics object, plt = Plot[Sin[x], {x, 0, Pi}] and we need to retrieve the discrete point data from it. This can be easily done by using ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Hashing by Equals instead of SameQ

I have some numerical code involving complex numbers representing points on a plane. Some of these are equal but not identical, ie ...
5
votes
3answers
485 views

Function with zero or one arguments

Is there a neat way to define a function with a single optional argument that defaults to an empty sequence? For example, suppose I want to define a wrapper for ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

StringExpression: pattern reapeted one or more times matches pattern repeated zero times

I try to construct patterns using Riffle and Except StringExpression@Riffle[{"a", "b", "c"}, Except[{"=", ","}] ..] and expect it to match "a_b_c", but not ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

Why even try the semantic constraints, if expression can't match the pattern structure?

This result is unexpected: Trace[MatchQ[{7}, {_?NumberQ, __}], NumberQ] (* -> {{NumberQ[7], True}} *) Why evaluate ...
3
votes
2answers
161 views

What is the correct way to pattern match nested lists?

I have the following function: f[lst_List /; MatchQ[lst, SOME PATTERN HERE]] := ({#[[1]] + #[[2]], #[[1]] - #[[2]]} &) /@ lst; I want to match lists that ...
3
votes
3answers
183 views

StringCases using RegularExpression fails when there is missing data

I got some text scraps with this structure "Focal Plane: 198' Active Aid to Navigation: Yes *Latitude: 35.250 N *Longitude: -75.529 W" But some of them lack ...
4
votes
1answer
105 views

Pattern matching and HoldForm

Create rules based on data. I have a system that picks out on date,based on some rules. I then want to generate a new rule based on this date and apply the rule to a new dataset. ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

What is the proper way to the pattern form Repeated in my code?

I'm matching a pattern with Repeated (..) How can I use the repeat count in the replacement rule? Example: ...
21
votes
4answers
1k views

Detecting patterns of black and white stones on a 2D board

I'm writing a program to play a game of Pente, and I'm struggling with the following question: What's the best way to detect patterns on a two-dimensional board? For example, in Pente a pair of ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

How can I represent this automorphism of Q(i,a)?

Let $a$ represent some real irrational number. I am trying to perform computations with an automorphism $f:\mathbb{Q}(i,a)\to\mathbb{Q}(i,a)$ which fixes $\mathbb{Q}(i)$ pointwise and maps $a$ to $i ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Pattern matching with PDF, Distributed and multivariate distributions

I have defined a function to compute the Shannon entropy of a probability distribution: ent[p_] := Expectation[-Log[PDF[p, x]], x \[Distributed] p] This works ...
3
votes
3answers
110 views

Name scope confusion

Sorry for the too ambiguous title. First consider a following code snippet. ...
6
votes
5answers
574 views

How can I name patterns in a Switch expression?

Suppose I have an expression and want to match it against successive patterns and return an expression corresponding to the first pattern that matched. In that case, I can use ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

How can I get the functionality of a command ReplaceAllList?

I'm trying to use ReplaceList to match subexpressions. I expected the command: ReplaceList[{p, {p, p}}, {x_, y_} -> x y] to output two results, equivalent to: ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Ordering for Pattern matching in Subscripts

I have some transformation rules acting on subscripted variables. When I match the a product the order matters. ...
3
votes
1answer
342 views

Covariant derivative for symbolic tensors

I want to define a "prefix" (D_i) covariant derivative operator CD[] for symbolic tensors in form of a function, i.e. for ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Can Mathematica find the discriminant formula? [duplicate]

This question is not really practical, but rather a curiosity question. Can Mathematica solve a quadratic equation without its discriminant? I mean, whenever it see a quadratic equation it tries to ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Matching variables with Subscripts yielding True and False

I am trying match variables with subscripts just returning true or false depending if pattern is matched. My try is to use Cases. However the following does not ...
3
votes
2answers
202 views

Finding similar expressions in list

I have a function that returns to me lists of expressions, like: ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Matching a list of sequences with common form

I am trying to find a pattern that matches a list of sequences that share a common form. The sequence form is: 1 followed by zero or more nonzero integers, followed by 0. An example list is: ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Function behavior based on Head

I'm figuring how to implement a function behavior based on the Head of its argument. I mean ...
2
votes
2answers
568 views

Removing trailing zeros from a list

If I have a list like list1={2334.,342.,0.,0.,2322.,0.,0.,0.,0.,,,,,,}; it's easy to remove to trailing blanks with ...
3
votes
4answers
563 views

More elegant way

I read ReplaceOrRemoveInvalidOrMissingData Mathematica documentation, and I tried to apply the same approach to my dataset. I've got two problems, but one is only a style problem! There is one more ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Inheritance in Mathematica using pattern matching on UpValues

Edit: I think in my original post, I missed emphasizing the main point. This is mainly a pattern matching question. If you're interested in the 'why' of this question, please read the original post ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

Applying rules to rewrite expressions that contain patterns

I'm trying to write a rule that can rewrite a pattern that exists in another expression. For some reason, this is proving to be more challenging than I expected ... most likely because I'm not totally ...
14
votes
3answers
542 views

How to match a cyclically repeating sequence?

I have run across several times recently where I must match a sequence that is cyclically repeating. For example, with the sequence, Sequence[a, b, c] how would ...
0
votes
2answers
211 views

Replace matrix with conditions

I want to replace the values of 1. in slot under the condition that the year and month in basevalue and ...
3
votes
1answer
224 views

Simplify equations with pattern assumptions

When simplifying an expression using Simplify[expr, assumptions], the assumptions has to be explicit. Is it possible to simplify an expression with pattern ...
3
votes
3answers
333 views

How to do Cases with multiple related patterns?

I would like to write a function similar to Cases, but can search for a group of related patterns together. For example, ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Manipulating named patterns inside replacement rules [duplicate]

When I evaluate the following expression, {a -> "value1", b -> "value22"} /. {Rule[x_, y_] -> Rule[x, y]} I get ...
1
vote
3answers
115 views
9
votes
1answer
248 views

How to define function that can change patterns

Given time series data as follows: data = {{{2011, 1, 13}, 10}, {{2011, 2, 14}, 17}, {{2011, 3, 15}, 20}, {{2012, 1, 16}, 30}, {{2012, 2, 17}, 40}}; ...