Questions on expression testing and manipulation through pattern matching and constructing efficient patterns.

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8
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1answer
274 views

Does Mathematica use first order or second order order unification?

When Mathematica is pattern-matching expressions, does it use first order or second order unification. Just to clarify the difference between first order and second order unification: In Second order ...
8
votes
1answer
204 views

MatchQ and patterns for similar lists

I can't seem to find the right set of patterns to independently match two different lists. Simplified versions of the lists are as follows: ...
8
votes
2answers
709 views

Mathematica rule substitution memory

First I present the specific programming question, and then I provide further background details. Given an expression in Mathematica, say f=3x+7y, there are two ...
8
votes
1answer
106 views

How to get a list of all expressions in a notebook matching a certain pattern?

Suppose I have a Mathematica notebook saved to a certain location on disk. Given a pattern I need to get the list of all expressions matching this pattern that appear in input, output or print cells ...
8
votes
1answer
209 views

Transformation rule on a list of non-negative integers

I am trying to create a transformation rule that takes a list of non-negative integer values of any length, finds a non-zero entry in the list, adds 1 to all preceding numbers, subtracts 1 from the ...
8
votes
1answer
311 views

Why does Mathematica choose the second function definition?

While working on a solution to this question I've come across a case where I simply don't understand Mathematica's behaviour. I've got the following definitions: ...
8
votes
2answers
378 views

How to Enable Syntax Coloring of Pattern Match Variable Only (i.e. Without Coloring any Associated Pattern)?

Syntax coloring for the following function definition foo[x_List] := ... will color green (and italicize by default) the argument name ...
8
votes
1answer
277 views

Mma10 mystery: Failure of pure function substitution with Interpretation?

Bug introduced in 10.0.0 and fixed in 10.0.1 I had code to display with subscripts from Displaying index as subscript on output: e.g. C[i] -> C_i with Notation[...] or Interpretation[..]? which ...
8
votes
1answer
246 views

Creating a version of SequenceAlignment that accepts patterns

SequenceAlignment seems like a function that is not (yet?) fully integrated into Mathematica. I want a function that accepts general patterns instead. I ...
7
votes
5answers
365 views

Splitting strings at lower case characters and numbers

I'm trying to split the strings of chemicals into their elements and numbers. See this example "Fe3O4" will be split into ...
7
votes
3answers
224 views

Pattern matching Q for rectangular data matrices

Given a List of rectangular nx3 arrays of data, each of the form {...,{x,y,z},...}, (the ellipses are not Mathematica pattern syntax, just for illustration). Some members of this list may be - by ...
7
votes
2answers
225 views

Using MatchQ (or other means) to parse an expression using sums of COS or SIN correctly

I am writing a function that will take an expression as input. I want to make sure the expression is valid first before processing it. Looking for a correct to use ...
7
votes
4answers
579 views

How to collect terms with positive powers in polynomial

I am trying to collect all terms with non-negative powers of $x$ in polynomials like $\frac{1}{x^2}\left(a x^2+x^{\pi }+x+z\right)^2$ First expand the polynomial ...
7
votes
3answers
160 views

Checking through an expression

I am writing a code that manipulates expressions that contains functions with an arbitrary number of arguments. An example expression is ...
7
votes
1answer
254 views

How does Mathematica wrap code for front-end needs? Why does this wrapping affect the evaluation?

Mathematica wraps any expression with some boxing code before showing the evaluation result in the front-end. Unfortunately, the wrapping algorithm and its position in the Mathematica end-to-end flow ...
7
votes
1answer
123 views

LetterCharacter for Cyrillic symbols

Why does the code StringMatchQ["ы", LetterCharacter] return False? Probably because: ...
7
votes
1answer
211 views

Built in way to de-list singletons?

Is there a built in method to de-list singleton expressions, like this rule-based solution: expr_ :> If[Length[expr] == 1, First@expr, expr] In data ...
7
votes
1answer
727 views

Extracting coefficients from a partial differential equation

Frequently, I come across the following problem: How to rewrite a complicated partial differential equation in a more clear way? I would like to create some order by collecting terms that are equal. ...
6
votes
5answers
398 views

The correct pattern for Cases

I have a problem that, admittedly, I have already solved using Select instead, but it is irking me that I cannot seem to construct the right pattern to solve it ...
6
votes
5answers
315 views

Find patterns in a list

again, I have a list like this: ...
6
votes
4answers
288 views

Is there a more Mathematica-y way to label these plots?

I am studying an infinite square well in the context of quantum mechanics. ...
6
votes
2answers
219 views

Is it possible to use PatternTest and Optional value on one Pattern simultaneously? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to Combine Pattern Constraints and Default Values for Function Arguments First a simple example: define a function "add" with two arguments, and its second argument ...
6
votes
4answers
288 views

How to match a sequence of complex patterns?

I have list with the form {{a1,b1}->{x1,y1},{a2,b2}->{x1,y2},...} where the {ai,bi}'s can be ...
6
votes
2answers
237 views

Unexpected behavior of rule matching a pattern

I am a beginner exploring the world of Mathematica. I expected the following code T[6, 5, 4, 1, 2, 3] /. {T[a___, 1, b___] -> Length[List[b]]} should return ...
6
votes
2answers
272 views

Fastest way to test if a numerical array has complex elements

I am looking for the fastest way to test whether an n-dimensional numerical (NumericQ) array (in the ArrayQ sense) is complex or ...
6
votes
3answers
355 views

Replacement rule only matches part of expression

I have the result of a calculation (which is too long to mention here) and it gives ...
6
votes
3answers
206 views

Problem with WordBoundary in string patterns

I am trying to extract from a string all words that end with "-man", but the problem is that WordBoundary does not seem to work as it returns whole string ignoring ...
6
votes
4answers
527 views

Function argument to default under certain condition

Inspired by this and this question (and how I handle this in practice), what is the best way to default a function value when a certain condition is met? For example, if a function is defined as: ...
6
votes
3answers
182 views

Using PatternTest and/or Condition to detect equal list lengths as well as list element formats

On searching Mathematica.SE for information about overloading functions, I came across several threads about PatternTest and ...
6
votes
3answers
175 views

Isolating string characters

I have the following string: ...
6
votes
2answers
294 views

Rule for orderless function Times

I have problems extending a replacement rule. Schematically, this is the situation: I have an expression and a rule, and they work perfectly together. ...
6
votes
3answers
126 views

Pattern matching: Times[a_] vs Times[a__]

I don't understand why MatchQ[ HoldComplete[Times[3, 2, 2]], HoldComplete[Times[a_]] ] is returning True. I thought that ...
6
votes
2answers
154 views

Using Except with strings

Suppose that I have the following sample list, called list: list = {"bBb", "aAa", "aaa"}; Now suppose I want to select the ...
6
votes
2answers
161 views

Apply Trig Identity to Transform Sum of Sinusoids into Phase-Shifted Cosine Function

I'm trying to solve for the output of a simple RC low-pass filter, with Cos[w t] input. The convolution of the input with the RC transfer function gives me the right output, but I'd like to be able to ...
6
votes
3answers
178 views

Strange behavior of MemberQ, Position

After importing an array of latitudes and longitudes and trying to find the position of some latitudes I was encountered with an unexpected problem since certain values could not be found for some ...
6
votes
2answers
251 views

Formatting text through pattern matching

I am trying to format some text based on some patterns. ...
6
votes
1answer
220 views

Match sequence of zero or more characters except a given character

This looks like it should be simple: I want to match an "i" followed by an "o" with an arbitrary (possibly zero-length) sequence of characters in between, unless that sequence also contains an "i". ...
6
votes
1answer
442 views

Count sublists which match pattern

I have a list which looks like this: data={{12,0},{0,0},{20,1},{0,0}, {0,-1}}. Now I would like to count the number of sublists which: have both slots zero the ...
6
votes
2answers
220 views

Variable scoping problem when mapping over delayed replacement

This is something that got me curious while I was playing around with Mathematica. Consider the following (contrived) example: ...
6
votes
1answer
240 views

How to set up new types for pattern matching strings?

Consider the following toy example: I have a set of language sounds, which I partition into two exclusive subsets, consonants and vowels. I want to set up string patterns for e.g. ...
6
votes
1answer
90 views

Held keys in associations

Jacob Akkerboom commented: Note that PositionIndex does work correctly with held expressions, whereas this is a bit painful to implement using ...
6
votes
1answer
306 views

Pattern matching in subscripted variables

I am trying to use subscripted variables as symbols and provide assumptions elegantly for them, e.g. in order to simplify logs, I'd like to have ...
6
votes
1answer
219 views

Pattern definition for replacing plus and subtract

Suppose I have two functions $h_1(x)$ and $h_2(x)$, for which we know their sum and their difference: $$ h_1(x)+h_2(x) = d(x) \qquad h_1(x)-h_2(x) = i f(x) $$ I have a complicated expression, in ...
5
votes
3answers
387 views

Camel hump string split

Given System names of 2 or more characters: systemNames = Names["System`*"] // Select[StringLength[#] > 1 &] ; Is ...
5
votes
5answers
492 views

How can I use nested conditionals inside my functions?

I'm a big fan of using conditionals inside my functions to deal with cases, that is, to pattern match in stages and possibly leave a function unevaluated. ...
5
votes
3answers
507 views

position of sequence of elements in list [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Finding a subsequence in a list Question The position of {3, 5} is the list {1, 3, 4, 3, 5, 5, 1} is 3. How can such a position ...
5
votes
2answers
180 views

Extract substring by repeated StringPattern

This code failed, but may exemplify my intention. StringCases["aA1bbbbbbbbbbaA2baA3b...aA4b",Repeated[Shortest["a"~~xx__~~"b"],{2,100}]] I want to get the ...
5
votes
4answers
240 views

Pattern matching - comparing two lists

I would like to compare two different lists to see if the shorter one is a member of the larger e.g. is the list {2,3}, with that sequence of elements, a member of {1,2,3,4,5}? I have tried using ...
5
votes
3answers
190 views

Converting expressions to “edges” for use in TreePlot, Graph

This question is similar to this: Nested list to graph. How to "flatten" an arbitrary expression, eg expr = a[b[c, d[e][f], g], h] to a list of key-value pairs ...
5
votes
2answers
214 views

How to get complement of a pattern

I have a list. I want to get all the elements in that list which do not match a given pattern. That is, I want the strings which do not match any of the following patterns: First and last characters ...