Questions on expression testing and manipulation through pattern matching and constructing efficient patterns.

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13
votes
1answer
330 views

Quick way to use conditioned patterns when defining multi-argument function?

I have a simple function that is supposed to only accept numeric values (i.e. complex/real numbers and constant symbols e.g. Pi, E). $$f(a,b,c)=a+b+c$$ Edit: I should have chosen a less simple ...
5
votes
3answers
170 views

Converting expressions to “edges” for use in TreePlot, Graph

This question is similar to this: Nested list to graph. How to "flatten" an arbitrary expression, eg expr = a[b[c, d[e][f], g], h] to a list of key-value pairs ...
8
votes
8answers
856 views

How can a power of 0 or 1 be replaced?

Consider this given example for ReplaceAll 1 + x^2 + x^4 /. x^p_ -> f[p] This returns ...
5
votes
1answer
225 views

More efficient Omnibus number determination?

Amusing myself with concepts from "Omnibus Sequences, Coupon Collection, and Missing Word Counts", in particular the sequences. To paraphrase the concept, a string is k-Omni over some alphabet a if ...
4
votes
2answers
188 views

Alternatives ordering affects pattern matching in Cases?

Given expr = f[x, g[y], z] In the following query, the pattern h_[__, c_] appears as last slot in ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

how to take some parts of String with certain pattern

I have the large number of files in which the file's names follow certain pattern. for example here are names of two files ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Find names similar to a given name in a large data set

I'm trying to find a 'similar' name to every item in a list ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

How can I extract all the non-number symbols from an expression [duplicate]

If I have an expression, let us say something like this: Cos[3 x] + π/cofe Exp[y^(c z)] how can I get all non-number symbols in the expression which are: ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Searching for phrases in a block of text

One could call this a pattern finding question with dictionary (or WolframAlpha) lookup, but let me give you some background first. I have a couple of friends who are trying to improve their English ...
8
votes
1answer
109 views

CSS Selectors for Symbolic XML

Symbolic XML is a convenient way of managing XML in Mathematica, at least for casual use or small tasks. Here and elsewhere you can find examples of XML handling in Mathematica, including XSLT/XPath ...
1
vote
2answers
126 views

dropping a row with at least one value larger than a particular value

So for instance I have M X N table. I want to drop any row which has an element larger than, say, one in the second or the third column. I guess I have to do some sort of pattern matching. But not ...
1
vote
2answers
58 views

Pattern matching to head with HoldFirst

I want to define a function that only operates on expressions with a head from a given list, such as f[expr:(_And|_Or)] := Print["LHS is ", expr[[1]]]; This of ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Placement of pattern matching rules in functions [duplicate]

Is there any difference at all between f[x_Integer /; x >= 0] := x + 1; f[x_Integer] := x - 1; f[x_] := Null; and ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Custom operators; custom pattern matching with pure functions

What I'm trying to achieve in Mathematica is the creation of a binary operator whose operands are both pure functions over the natural numbers. The result of the operator should be another pure ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

How to localize symbols on the right-hand side of Rule when using ReplaceAll?

I am frustrated by the following: {1, 2, 3.0} /. a_Integer -> a + 1 The a on the left side of the arrow is localized and ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Extracting graphics primitives from a Graphics expression with ReplaceAll

If we have a graphics object, plt = Plot[Sin[x], {x, 0, Pi}] and we need to retrieve the discrete point data from it. This can be easily done by using ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Hashing by Equals instead of SameQ

I have some numerical code involving complex numbers representing points on a plane. Some of these are equal but not identical, ie ...
4
votes
3answers
422 views

Function with zero or one arguments

Is there a neat way to define a function with a single optional argument that defaults to an empty sequence? For example, suppose I want to define a wrapper for ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

StringExpression: pattern reapeted one or more times matches pattern repeated zero times

I try to construct patterns using Riffle and Except StringExpression@Riffle[{"a", "b", "c"}, Except[{"=", ","}] ..] and expect it to match "a_b_c", but not ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Why even try the semantic constraints, if expression can't match the pattern structure?

This result is unexpected: Trace[MatchQ[{7}, {_?NumberQ, __}], NumberQ] (* -> {{NumberQ[7], True}} *) Why evaluate ...
3
votes
2answers
112 views

What is the correct way to pattern match nested lists?

I have the following function: f[lst_List /; MatchQ[lst, SOME PATTERN HERE]] := ({#[[1]] + #[[2]], #[[1]] - #[[2]]} &) /@ lst; I want to match lists that ...
3
votes
3answers
154 views

StringCases using RegularExpression fails when there is missing data

I got some text scraps with this structure "Focal Plane: 198' Active Aid to Navigation: Yes *Latitude: 35.250 N *Longitude: -75.529 W" But some of them lack ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

Pattern matching and HoldForm

Create rules based on data. I have a system that picks out on date,based on some rules. I then want to generate a new rule based on this date and apply the rule to a new dataset. ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

What is the proper way to the pattern form Repeated in my code?

I'm matching a pattern with Repeated (..) How can I use the repeat count in the replacement rule? Example: ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Sum similar elements [closed]

I am interested in summing elements in a list or sublist that are similar. I want the sublists of my second elements to be added cumulatively only if their first elements are the same. This is my ...
20
votes
4answers
986 views

Detecting patterns of black and white stones on a 2D board

I'm writing a program to play a game of Pente, and I'm struggling with the following question: What's the best way to detect patterns on a two-dimensional board? For example, in Pente a pair of ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

How can I represent this automorphism of Q(i,a)?

Let $a$ represent some real irrational number. I am trying to perform computations with an automorphism $f:\mathbb{Q}(i,a)\to\mathbb{Q}(i,a)$ which fixes $\mathbb{Q}(i)$ pointwise and maps $a$ to $i ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Pattern matching with PDF, Distributed and multivariate distributions

I have defined a function to compute the Shannon entropy of a probability distribution: ent[p_] := Expectation[-Log[PDF[p, x]], x \[Distributed] p] This works ...
3
votes
3answers
99 views

Name scope confusion

Sorry for the too ambiguous title. First consider a following code snippet. ...
4
votes
4answers
427 views

How can I name patterns in a Switch expression?

Suppose I have an expression and want to match it against successive patterns and return an expression corresponding to the first pattern that matched. In that case, I can use ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

How can I get the functionality of a command ReplaceAllList?

I'm trying to use ReplaceList to match subexpressions. I expected the command: ReplaceList[{p, {p, p}}, {x_, y_} -> x y] to output two results, equivalent to: ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Ordering for Pattern matching in Subscripts

I have some transformation rules acting on subscripted variables. When I match the a product the order matters. ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Covariant derivative for symbolic tensors

I want to define a "prefix" (D_i) covariant derivative operator CD[] for symbolic tensors in form of a function, i.e. for ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Can Mathematica find the discriminant formula? [duplicate]

This question is not really practical, but rather a curiosity question. Can Mathematica solve a quadratic equation without its discriminant? I mean, whenever it see a quadratic equation it tries to ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Matching variables with Subscripts yielding True and False

I am trying match variables with subscripts just returning true or false depending if pattern is matched. My try is to use Cases. However the following does not ...
3
votes
2answers
182 views

Finding similar expressions in list

I have a function that returns to me lists of expressions, like: ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Matching a list of sequences with common form

I am trying to find a pattern that matches a list of sequences that share a common form. The sequence form is: 1 followed by zero or more nonzero integers, followed by 0. An example list is: ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Function behavior based on Head

I'm figuring how to implement a function behavior based on the Head of its argument. I mean ...
2
votes
2answers
197 views

Removing trailing zeros from a list

If I have a list like list1={2334.,342.,0.,0.,2322.,0.,0.,0.,0.,,,,,,}; it's easy to remove to trailing blanks with ...
2
votes
4answers
499 views

More elegant way

I read ReplaceOrRemoveInvalidOrMissingData Mathematica documentation, and I tried to apply the same approach to my dataset. I've got two problems, but one is only a style problem! There is one more ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Inheritance in Mathematica using pattern matching on UpValues

Edit: I think in my original post, I missed emphasizing the main point. This is mainly a pattern matching question. If you're interested in the 'why' of this question, please read the original post ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Applying rules to rewrite expressions that contain patterns

I'm trying to write a rule that can rewrite a pattern that exists in another expression. For some reason, this is proving to be more challenging than I expected ... most likely because I'm not totally ...
13
votes
3answers
397 views

How to match a cyclically repeating sequence?

I have run across several times recently where I must match a sequence that is cyclically repeating. For example, with the sequence, Sequence[a, b, c] how would ...
0
votes
2answers
122 views

Replace matrix with conditions

I want to replace the values of 1. in slot under the condition that the year and month in basevalue and ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

blank null sequence acts weirdly [closed]

Could someone please explain why the ___ pattern matches the first but not the second case? ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Simplify equations with pattern assumptions

When simplifying an expression using Simplify[expr, assumptions], the assumptions has to be explicit. Is it possible to simplify an expression with pattern ...
3
votes
3answers
207 views

How to do Cases with multiple related patterns?

I would like to write a function similar to Cases, but can search for a group of related patterns together. For example, ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Manipulating named patterns inside replacement rules [duplicate]

When I evaluate the following expression, {a -> "value1", b -> "value22"} /. {Rule[x_, y_] -> Rule[x, y]} I get ...
1
vote
3answers
86 views
9
votes
1answer
220 views

How to define function that can change patterns

Given time series data as follows: data = {{{2011, 1, 13}, 10}, {{2011, 2, 14}, 17}, {{2011, 3, 15}, 20}, {{2012, 1, 16}, 30}, {{2012, 2, 17}, 40}}; ...