Questions on expression testing and manipulation through pattern matching and constructing efficient patterns.

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8
votes
3answers
509 views

How can I convert x^2 to x*x?

When I try the following code: a b^2 c /. b c -> e Mathematica gives me: a b^2 c but what I want is: ...
8
votes
1answer
242 views

Is it possible to specify a context-sensitive, “depth-agnostic” rewrite rule?

I'm using the term "depth-agnostic" in this post to describe structural patterns featuring a "target" sub-pattern that can occur "at any depth" relative to one or more "context" sub-patterns. As a ...
22
votes
5answers
703 views

How can a big table be treated as a database?

I often work with big tables that I want to treat kind of like a database. Here's an example table. ...
11
votes
4answers
454 views

How to match expressions with a repeating pattern

The expression I want to match obey a simple pattern that repeats it self a number of times. f[a]@f[b]@f[c]@...@f[X] How would you match all expressions of this ...
10
votes
3answers
797 views
38
votes
6answers
3k views

Find zero crossing in a list

I'm looking for a function that finds the index of the zero-crossing points of a list. Before I go making my own subroutine to do this, I was wondering if anyone knows of any built-in Mathematica ...
6
votes
1answer
532 views

Count sublists which match pattern

I have a list which looks like this: data={{12,0},{0,0},{20,1},{0,0}, {0,-1}}. Now I would like to count the number of sublists which: have both slots zero the ...
8
votes
2answers
222 views

Why does the name of a pattern affect the result of a transformation rule?

I was playing a little dirty, trying to get a template for defining a Curl[] operator. I wrote the following rule, which I knew was going to spit out a few ...
14
votes
2answers
1k views

Determine whether some expression contains a given symbol

Given a symbol t and an expression expr, how can I determine whether or not the symbol t ...
14
votes
6answers
3k views

Counting negative values in list

I would like to count the negative values of a list. My approach was Count[data, -_] which doesn't work. How can I tell Mathematica to count all numbers with ...
10
votes
4answers
558 views

How to use pattern matching to assign values to Subscript[f,x_]?

I want to define two subscripted functions Subscript[f,1] and Subscript[f,2]. To keep the assignments local, I would like to ...
1
vote
2answers
175 views

Using patterns in ReplaceAll to extract elements from tuples at arbitrary depths

Please consider the following: I need to extract from MyList all last parts of each 3-tuple. ...
11
votes
4answers
646 views

Assessing argument type in set delayed function definitions

I'm wondering how to properly assess the type of arguments passed to functions defined with :=. I want my functions to be the most efficient, unambiguous and clear ...
13
votes
4answers
378 views

The gap between MapAt and ReplacePart for 2D data tables with headers

Consider a relational table derived from survey data, where each column ("001-01" ...) represents a responder and each row (...
15
votes
3answers
476 views

Grabbing a number of characters around a string pattern

If I have some string data: text = StringTake[ExampleData[{"Text", "DeclarationOfIndependence"}], 400] "When in the Course of human events, it becomes ...
5
votes
2answers
217 views

Delete contexts from a string representation of a symbol

I want to delete the string representing the context of a symbol. For info I need such a functionality in my ShowIt function defined here I'd like to know how I ...
12
votes
3answers
838 views

Specifying string patterns in DeleteCases

It seems that DeleteCases is not compatible with string patterns, at least directly (see, for example, this question). Is this true? If so, why is this the case? ...
5
votes
3answers
899 views

position of sequence of elements in list [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Finding a subsequence in a list Question The position of {3, 5} is the list {1, 3, 4, 3, 5, 5, 1} is 3. How can such a position ...
7
votes
1answer
239 views

Built in way to de-list singletons?

Is there a built in method to de-list singleton expressions, like this rule-based solution: expr_ :> If[Length[expr] == 1, First@expr, expr] In data ...
10
votes
3answers
768 views

Find subexpression to minimize leafcount after replacment with temporary variable

Given an expression expr, is there an automated way to find a subexpression subexpr such that replacing ...
44
votes
2answers
939 views

How is pattern specificity decided?

Mathematica has a notion of pattern specificity, which is a partial ordering on patterns. The rules (e.g. DownValues, ...
13
votes
2answers
472 views

How can I separate a separable function

I have a separable function $f[x,y]$, and I would like to find two functions $g[x]$ and $h[y]$ with $f[x,y]=g[x] h[y]$ where $g[x]$ doesn't depend on $y$ and $h[y]$ doesn't depend on $x$. Ideally, ...
10
votes
4answers
491 views

Building a tree

Given a list of word characters, such as this one, I'd like to build a tree, similar to this makeTree function, but with the tree in a different format. So, for an input such as ...
11
votes
1answer
384 views

Selectively clear DownValues

How can I clear a subset of a symbol's DownValues ? For example, suppose I have created some DownValues for $f$ like this: ...
5
votes
4answers
963 views

Creating lists from a string, separating words from numbers

Say I have a string that contains numbers and words, such as this one: string = "there are 1234 words and numbers 5678 in here $999"; How would I separate the ...
16
votes
4answers
820 views

Returning an unevaluated expression with values substituted in

Let's say I have a function formula[x_List] := (x[[1]] - x[[2]]) + (x[[3]] - x[[4]]); and I want to pass it a variable and get back the unevaluated formula with ...
3
votes
1answer
242 views

Pattern matching a multivariate derivative

I can extract the parameters of a single variable derivative with the rule D[f[x], x] /. Derivative[order_][fcn_][variable_] -> {order, fcn, variable} ...
5
votes
3answers
431 views

Highlighting text with StringReplacePart but also using Style, Subscript

For a Natural Language Processing analysis task it's desirable to highlight a text string programmatically according to XML tags that reference specific words or phrases. The XML tags specify the ...
10
votes
1answer
404 views

Mixing patterns with string patterns

I have imported an XML document into Mathematica. It is now represented as Symbolic XML expression in the variable xml: ...
11
votes
4answers
887 views

Using Position (which requires a pattern) in the same manner as Select (which requires a criterion)

I am using Mathematica7. I have a list of lists (creatively named list in the following sample code) containing data. I would like to find the positions of the ...
5
votes
2answers
235 views

Pattern matching deletion of list items [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I remove B -> A from a list if A -> B is in the list? I'm working toward building a graph and use some code to construct my rules which results in a form ...
6
votes
2answers
313 views

Rule for orderless function Times

I have problems extending a replacement rule. Schematically, this is the situation: I have an expression and a rule, and they work perfectly together. ...
13
votes
2answers
476 views

Should I use \\\“ or \” to match " in regex?

Both of the following return True: ...
4
votes
2answers
414 views

Pattern test for variables during function definition

I am having a problem with pattern testing on variables during function definition ...
6
votes
2answers
335 views

Formatting text through pattern matching

I am trying to format some text based on some patterns. ...
20
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I perform string matching and replacements?

What are, and how do I use Mathematica's string matching and replacement tools?
18
votes
5answers
3k views

The difference between 0. and 0

I have a function for which 0 is a special case: f[A___, 0, B___] := 0 But since I am doing numerics, sometimes in the course ...
13
votes
5answers
840 views

Calling Table with custom iterator

I often find myself in situations where I, for example, need to build a table for some expression, but want to set the number of points rather then the step size, so the code ends up looking like this ...
5
votes
5answers
737 views

How can I use nested conditionals inside my functions?

I'm a big fan of using conditionals inside my functions to deal with cases, that is, to pattern match in stages and possibly leave a function unevaluated. ...
17
votes
4answers
501 views

Splitting a list

Please consider the following list: data={1, 0, 0, 0, 2, 5, 2, 3, 0, 0, 3}; Now I would like to split the list into 0-sequences and Not-0-sequences as following: ...
7
votes
3answers
246 views

Pattern matching Q for rectangular data matrices

Given a List of rectangular nx3 arrays of data, each of the form {...,{x,y,z},...}, (the ellipses are not Mathematica pattern syntax, just for illustration). Some members of this list may be - by ...
3
votes
1answer
163 views

Set promotes Rule to RuleDelayed?

In mentally building a model of how Mathematica works, I naively expected Set to create a Rule in a symbol's ...
29
votes
4answers
4k views

Looking for “Longest Common Substring” solution

I'm looking for robust code to solve the "Longest Common Substring" problem: Find the longest string (or strings) that is a substring (or are substrings) of two or more strings. I can just code it ...
9
votes
1answer
264 views

Creating a version of SequenceAlignment that accepts patterns

SequenceAlignment seems like a function that is not (yet?) fully integrated into Mathematica. I want a function that accepts general patterns instead. I ...
4
votes
1answer
168 views

Searching Notebooks for String Patterns using Workbench v2

The Workbench webpage describing new features in version 2 lists the ability to "Search notebook documents with the Mathematica pattern search utility" under the heading Mathematica Front End ...
15
votes
2answers
484 views

Pattern issues weird warning

Take for example head[b_[PatternSequence[_, _]]] := 9 I know this example serves no purpose as is. It also happens in useful examples such as ...
14
votes
3answers
264 views

What's wrong with this pattern of the form Except[Repeated[…]]?

I'm trying to build a head that recognizes molecules. Here's the code ...
12
votes
3answers
763 views

Delete duplicates in a list, depending on the sequence of numbers

Below, list is a representative sample of my list, which contains lists of integers. I would like to be able to input: ...
2
votes
2answers
140 views

Using FreeQ with implicit functions

In Mathematica 7, I want to determine whether a list of free of numbers greater than 1 or not. It seems like using FreeQ would be a concise way to do this: ...