Questions on the numerical functions of Mathematica, implementing numerical methods and numerical computing with Mathematica.

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42
votes
3answers
1k views

When I can assume that all decimal digits returned by Mathematica are provably correct?

How to Control the Precision and Accuracy of Numerical Results Arbitrary-Precision Numbers Mathematica works with exact numbers and with two different types of approximate numbers: ...
4
votes
2answers
392 views

Why doesn't FindRoot work correctly?

I'm trying to find the roots of the following equation: I need to find λs for different values of ξ. I know that for all ...
5
votes
1answer
77 views

Why is NHoldFirst not propagated to symbolic derivatives?

I encountered a nasty problem that N cannot evaluate expressions containing a symbolic Derivative of a multi-parameter function ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Forcing FindRoot to return only real solutions

FindRoot documentation reports that if the equation and the initial point are reals, the solutions are searched in the real domain. However, in the following case I ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

NDSolve with Euler method

I want to solve this equation with NDSolve[] using the Euler method: x'[t] == 0.5*x[t]-0.04*(x[t])^2 with initial condition ...
2
votes
1answer
448 views

Monitoring the Evaluation of NDSolve: time to finish estimation

My problem is quite simple: I run a NDSolve with a system of many ODEs, a calculation that will run for many hours, and I would like to know the progress of the ...
5
votes
1answer
187 views

Accurately evaluating the hypergeometric function

As part of another problem, I am working to evaluate hypergeometric functions such as Hypergeometric2F1[1, 1, n, -1] for large $n$. I am hoping to obtain at ...
12
votes
2answers
638 views

Numerical partial derivative

For a one-variable numerical function, it's simple to calculate the derivative at a point with Derivative as Szabolcs has pointed out before: ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Initializing Minimization [duplicate]

I am trying to implement a model predictive control scheme in Mathematica, e.g. I optimize input sequences by predicting future outputs. So every time I call the cost function it will simulate the ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Set theoretic operations on sets of real numbers

I have two pieces of code that produce a bunch of real numbers, say $A$ and $B$ respectively. (It is not relevant to the question, but $A$ consists of eigenvalues of the Hamiltonian of some physical ...
4
votes
0answers
116 views

Numerical solution of Schrödinger-type equation in Mathematica [duplicate]

I want to solve the following differential equation numerically: \begin{equation} i\partial_{t}\psi(r,t)=\left[-\frac{\Delta}{2m}+g\left|\psi(r,t)\right|^{2}+V_{d}(r,t)\right]\psi(r,t) \end{equation} ...
1
vote
3answers
87 views

How to calculate solution for each variable automatically

Here I have one problem how to calculate x for each y. In this form code doesn't work ...
1
vote
3answers
274 views

Making a calculation with high precision

I would like to make the following calculation: 1/Sqrt[1 - (150^2 10^(-4))/(9 10^16.)] - 1 Mathematica 8 returns 0. The result is obviously not 0, but my ...
2
votes
0answers
152 views

Speeding up a numerical constrained quadratic optimization

I'm trying to solve a quadratic optimization problem in 35 variables, $\vec{α} = \left< α_1, \ldots, α_{35}\right>$: $$ \begin{aligned} &\operatorname*{maximize}_\vec{α}&&1.0\cdot ...
11
votes
2answers
562 views

Is it possible to use the LevenbergMarquardt algorithm for fitting a black-box residual function?

I have a black-box multiargument multiparametric function of the type SRD[dataPoint_List,params_List] which accepts experimental data along with the parameters of ...
2
votes
2answers
272 views

Strange Behavior of NDSolve

I am trying to evaluate the following ODE numerically: ...
0
votes
1answer
211 views

DAE - varying initial conditions

I want to solve a DAE-system and I want to vary more than one initial conditions and to manipulate them. I looked here: Putting NDSolve into ParametricPlot But it does not work: ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

NIntegrate/NSum with parameters [duplicate]

I'm trying to calculate a continuous integral within a discrete integral. Something similar to this (yet more complex): ...
4
votes
2answers
177 views
9
votes
1answer
425 views

Why can't I change the value of MaxRecursion in NIntegrate when integrating BesselJ?

I am trying to evaluate this integral numerically $$ \int_0^{\infty } J_0(q R) \tanh(q) \, \mathrm{d}q $$ for large values of $R$. This makes the integrand oscillate more quickly and Mathematica ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views
6
votes
0answers
384 views

Numerically solve 2nd order differential equation with singularity

Consider a second order differential equation with a potential that diverges at some generic value in the variable. For example: $$-y^{\prime\prime}(s)+\frac1{\mathrm{cn}{(s\mid k^2)}}y(s)=0$$ where ...
1
vote
1answer
276 views

why there is a small imaginary part [closed]

I encountered a problem. I have a eigenvector eigvsI[1] ...
1
vote
1answer
219 views

Why is arithmetic faster for inexact arithmetic?

I have been trying to compute eigenvalues of a rather sizable matrix A, about $500 \times 500$ (but sparse). I asked Mathematica to compute ...
3
votes
1answer
455 views

NDSolve for a large system of simple ODEs

I am solving a system of many (more than 100) ODEs. It is the kind of standard rate equation encountered in semiconductor physics. Here is the system: ...
4
votes
2answers
379 views

Any ideas on how GeneralMiniMaxApproximation is implemented?

GeneralMiniMaxApproximation is used to construct minimax approximations of parametrically defined functions. I am curious about how ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Minimize failing on a polynomial

Calling: Minimize[{-0.4877 - 0.1190 r^2 - 0.1885 r^4 + 2.9703 z - 0.5531 z^2, 0 <= z <= 3.5 ∧ 0 <= r <= 1.75}, {r, z}] returns ...
1
vote
0answers
248 views

Adapting NDSolve to circumvent NDSolve::bdord: error for 1-D Euler Equations

I attempted to use NDSolve for the 1-D isentropic unsteady flow equations with low subsonic inflow velocity and prescribed inflow total enthalpy; along with a ...
3
votes
0answers
333 views

FindRoot gives a wrong solution which obviously should not be there

I got stuck on FindRoot and I didn't see any similar problem posted, so let me explain what I am trying to do and what problem I meet here. I try to find roots of a particular function, which in the ...
5
votes
1answer
224 views

FindMaxValue specifics

I'm using FindMaxValue to study the distribution of maxima of Abs[RiemannSiegelZ[t]] between consecutive values of ...
2
votes
0answers
137 views

Why is FindRoot initial value far from the specified one?

I am trying to numerically find the root of a function that looks a bit like: 1/x - (SchurDecomposition[A[x]][[2]])[[1]], where ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

How do you force a decimal output? [duplicate]

I have some very small values such as 2.601519253*10^-8. I'd like to output these values to CSV for another program to work with. I've tried N[value, 50], but Mathematica still insists on producing ...
0
votes
0answers
160 views

Rounding values [duplicate]

In Mathematica 8 when I enter 1 - 0.99 - 0.01 I get 8.67362*10^-18 instead of zero. How do I fix this problem? I am getting ...
17
votes
1answer
977 views

Optimizing a Numerical Laplace Equation Solver

Laplace's Equation is an equation on a scalar in which, given the value of the scalar on the boundaries (the boundary conditions), one can determine the value of the scalar at any point in the region ...
2
votes
1answer
607 views

Plot FindRoot for non-trivial function

I would like to plot the results of FindRoot over certain range of inputs. I tried to do this with the code: ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Find point at which equation stops having roots (if it exists)

I am interested in the roots of this function: f[M_, b_] := 1 - (2 M Gamma[2, 0, (1/M + b M)/Sqrt[b]])/(1/M + b M) for fixed values of b. In particular I want ...
1
vote
2answers
411 views

How can I use FindRoot on an expression from NDSolve?

I have a second order ODE that I can only solve numerically using NDSolve, but I then need to use the solution in FindRoot and am running into errors. A simplified but analogous problem is the ...
37
votes
10answers
2k views

Can Mathematica propose an exact value based on an approximate one?

Sometimes, I use Mathematica to do some hypothesis on homeworks to make the question easier. For instance, when I have to compute big sums when $n\to\infty$ and Mathematica can't give the exact ...
22
votes
2answers
3k views

Why round to even integers?

According to the Mathematica help: Round rounds numbers of the form x.5 toward the nearest even integer. For example: Round[{0.5, 1.5, 2.5, 3.5, 4.5}] ...
1
vote
1answer
283 views

How to guess initial complex value for FindRoot

I have to solve a transcendental equation for a parameter, say $\beta$. Now, the $\beta$ has a range from $ik$ to $k$ where $i$ is the usual imaginary root $\sqrt{-1}$ and $k$ is a real number. ...
2
votes
1answer
430 views

Tutorial for basic numerical methods for PDEs

I'm afraid this is probably not going to be a "good" question, but I'd like to use Mathematica to learn about basic numerical schemes for solving pdes. For example, I'd like to compute the solution of ...
16
votes
5answers
2k views

The difference between 0. and 0

I have a function for which 0 is a special case: f[A___, 0, B___] := 0 But since I am doing numerics, sometimes in the course ...
2
votes
2answers
225 views

Position function not always retuning an answer even with no apparent problems

I'm having some problems with Position. Sometimes it will give an empty list instead of the actual position of the element I am looking for when that element is ...
3
votes
1answer
184 views

Strange behaviour of PolyLog Function

I discovered some strange behaviour of the PolyLog[] Function in Mathematica which seems to me like a bug in the function implementation. It looks like ...
3
votes
1answer
189 views

Numerical Error with Large Matrices

I am writing a Finite Element Analysis program in Mathematica. The code involves handling a large matrix with large entries. I get an error when I try to use Mathematica's "LinearSolve" to solve a ...
0
votes
1answer
778 views

Minimization problem using FindMinimum. Functional value “is not a real number”? [closed]

This question is a follow-up of another one I asked a few days ago. I followed the instructions given in the answer provided by the user that responded. I modified that answer to solve another ...
3
votes
2answers
231 views
8
votes
0answers
489 views

Dual complex integral over implicit path using contour plot

Context I am interested in doing double contour integral over paths which are defined implicitely. For the sake of debugging, let's assume its $$\oint_{\cal C}\oint_{\cal C} \frac{1}{u\, x} d u d x$$ ...
1
vote
1answer
197 views

What do these error messages mean when numerically solving differential equations?

I am using Mathematica to numercially solve the following equations: ...
3
votes
1answer
921 views

NDSolve does not respond

For some sets of constants, NDSolve gives me true solutions, but when I try for example, T = 1/(2*2200), Mathematica does not respond. What can I do? The code below ...