For questions on the use of machine-precision real numbers (also known as floats), the numbers that can be directly manipulated through the underlying numerical capabilities of your computer system.

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27
votes
2answers
1k views

Meaning of backtick in floating-point literal

If I compute, say, 1/3//N, Mathematica displays 0.333333 as the result. When I copy that output to use elsewhere, the paste ...
23
votes
1answer
546 views

Is there a difference between Divide[a,b] and a/b?

In this comment it was asserted that Divide[a,b] and a/b are different, though the documentation indicates that they are the ...
18
votes
2answers
492 views

Different floating-point numbers equal?

Let's define two different numbers. x = 1. y = 1. + 2^-52 (* equivalently, 1 + $MachineEpsilon *) Let's make sure they're different with ...
18
votes
1answer
740 views

Quadruple-precision (128 bit) arithmetic

Is it possible to force Mathematica to perform computations with hardware supported quadruple-precision? The following test suggest, that all of the computations with fixed precision, different than ...
17
votes
6answers
530 views

Elegant high precision `log1p`?

Sometimes it is hard to understand how numerical expressions are evaluated. I remember reading claims by Wolfram on how smart the Kernel is to evaluate expressions trees numerically by recognizing ...
14
votes
2answers
172 views

CompiledFunction returns machine numbers smaller than $MinMachineNumber

When thinking on the workaround for this LogLogPlot bug suggested by halirutan I noticed that CompiledFunction actually can ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Numerical underflow for a scaled error function

I calculate scaled error function defined as f[x_] := Erfc[x]*Exp[x^2] but it can not calculate f[30000.]. ...
10
votes
2answers
405 views

Does Mathematica have an equivalent of Python's float.as_integer_ratio?

The Python programming language has a float.as_integer_ratio(x) function which exactly converts an IEEE 754 floating-point number into a numerator/denominator pair ...
10
votes
3answers
652 views

Mathematica Plot: Inconsistency when plotting large values

I am working with a function in Mathematica and I am getting some inconsistencies when I plot it. As I really need to understand were this comes from I would appreciate any help. I am working with a ...
9
votes
1answer
160 views

Does Mathematica have an equivalent of C's nextafter?

In C (and many other programming languages), there is a function double nextafter(double x, double y) which takes two (IEEE 754) floating-point numbers and ...
8
votes
2answers
406 views

Precision differences

I run this sum and get the symbolic answer below : Sum[ (1/(k^2 - k) - 1/k^2), {k, 2, Infinity}] $2 - \frac{\pi^2}{6}$ I look up the sequence on OEIS and ...
8
votes
1answer
324 views

DeleteDuplicates[] does not work as expected on floating point values

Here is my simple example, and in this case function DeleteDuplicates does not work as expected. I want to FindRoot of my ...
7
votes
2answers
344 views

Dealing with numbers too large for machine precision in Graphics

Graphics only supports machine precision numbers (i.e. number that can be converted to machine precision). Take for example ...
7
votes
3answers
316 views
7
votes
2answers
455 views
7
votes
1answer
104 views

Why am I getting wildly incorrect results from FirstPassageTimeDistribution with inexact transition matrix?

Working on some large systems using DiscreteMarkovProcess, I changed the transition matrix to machine precision vs using exact values, which sped things up handily. ...
7
votes
1answer
138 views

Using Differences on data: trouble with floats and doubles

Consider the following data set (after I have run FullForm), which is imported from a file (stored typically as 10.040): ...
6
votes
1answer
179 views

Machine Epsilon

I'm trying to evaluate the machine epsilon of my computer (see below). I wrote this: ...
6
votes
1answer
89 views

Machine precision infinity

Is it possible to obtain the machine precision (double) version of Infinity? This is useful when using LibraryLink and C ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Mathematica Precision

How can I set the output precision of the following statement to 10 decimal places? I was looking through the documentation, and for some reason, all I could find was ...
5
votes
1answer
696 views

Infinite expression 1/0. encountered - caused by precision?

Planck's law dependent on frequency rho is as follows: B[T_, h_, rho_, k_, c_] := (2 h rho^3)/c^2 1/(Exp[h rho/(T k)] - 1) As you can see, the denominator can ...
5
votes
1answer
98 views

Compilation of `Total` with CompensatedSummation

I sometimes obtain an unexpected error when trying to call a compiled version of Total with compensated summation turned on. More specifically I define ...
5
votes
1answer
260 views

Accurately evaluating the hypergeometric function

As part of another problem, I am working to evaluate hypergeometric functions such as Hypergeometric2F1[1, 1, n, -1] for large $n$. I am hoping to obtain at ...
5
votes
1answer
57 views

Can Someone Please Explain Internal`$SameQTolerance?

If I input Internal`$SameQTolerance (* output = 0.30103 *) which is the approximation of Log[10,2], or ...
4
votes
6answers
1k views

Why is this Mandelbrot set's implementation infeasible: takes a massive amount of time to do?

The Mandelbrot set is defined by complex numbers such as $z=z^2+c$ where $z_0=0$ for the initial point and $c\in\mathbb C$. The numbers grow very fast in the iteration. ...
4
votes
1answer
198 views

Why to do parentheses change the results of a calculation?

I'm getting results that are sensitive to where I place parentheses with respect to operations that are associative1 (and should thus be insensitive to such placement). For example, if I define2 ...
4
votes
2answers
185 views

Floating point addition not associative

Can anybody explain the following behavior? x = 0.2 + (0.3 + 0.1); y = (0.2 + 0.3) + 0.1; x == y (* -> True *) But actually the variables do not exactly ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

Issues with $MachineEpsilon

I'm attempting to add $MachineEpsilon to numbers I am pulling from the domains of 3 interpolating functions. I pulled 3 numbers, and for one of these numbers adding ...
4
votes
0answers
35 views

Can I force Mathematica to use machine precision? [duplicate]

Some built-in functions (like Exp) give an arbitrary precision result, even when the argument is a machine precision number. Example: ...
3
votes
2answers
249 views

How to make the computer consider two numbers equal up to a certain precision

My problem is that I have a matrix A and the computer says is not Hermitian (self-adjoint). Then I check which elements make A ...
3
votes
1answer
340 views

Could the PrecisionGoal for NDSolve be a negative number?

The help of Mathematica doesn't say so much about the PrecisionGoal for NDSolve, and I never considered much about it even after ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

How can I make 1+$MachineEpsilon not look like 1?

I undarstand that 1+$MachineEpsilon is actually not equal 1. However, it persists to look like it was equal ...
3
votes
2answers
770 views

Precision of number not maintained when saved via Export

Assume that the output of my calculation is a and is a number such as: a = 100.1252135246354847; ...
2
votes
2answers
151 views

Long run time for older code that ran fast in older versions

The following code block is in Trott's Guidebook for Programming. The associated notebook says that this and a few other routines ran in a matter of seconds. I killed it after half an hour. I am ...
2
votes
4answers
158 views

Precision problem with numerical solution of a differential equation

I want solve $$ 2\sqrt{|\gamma|}x = \int_{1}^{t} dy \sqrt{\frac{1+2|\gamma_2|y}{y^2(1-y)}} $$ where $0<t\leq $1. I'm using a for cycle to evaluate t, calculate the integral and the assign the $x$. ...
2
votes
2answers
512 views

FindRoot errors

I'm trying to solve a system of two equations in two variables for some range of parameter values. I use ContourPlot to see where I should look for a solutions and ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Precision of LinearModelFit with Polynomials

I have a Problem regarding the fit of given points with a polynomial up to the fifth degree. tableofvalues=Import["tableofvalues.csv"] My polynomial is: ...
2
votes
1answer
209 views

How to use adaptive precision in matrix computations?

I wish to compute the pseudo inverse of rectangular (or square) matrices by the cubically method of Chebyshev given by $X_{k+1}=X_k(3I-AX_k(3I-AX_k))$ where $X_0=\frac{1}{\|A\|_F^2}A^*$. The procedure ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

How to map HoldForm?

I'm trying to compare between Sqrt[3.] and Sqrt[3]. To display the result, I mapped HoldForm to display the expressions on the left hand column (code at end), but it seems like Sqrt[3.] had been ...
2
votes
2answers
233 views

NIntegrate 2D highly oscillatory function

I am trying to integrate a function, and the error I get is greater than the result. So I need to calculate ...
2
votes
1answer
155 views

Reasonable choice of MachinePrecision, AccuracyGoal and PrecisionGoal for NDSolve

I am trying to use this model for later use in FindFit: ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Enforcing WorkingPrecision in NIntegrate

I have a very complicated 2D integral that I need to calculate repeatedly, and I'm trying to speed it up a bit, since at the moment it's taking a couple of days to complete. One thing I've noticed is ...
2
votes
2answers
131 views

WorkingPrecision causes issue in the NIntegrate

I really can't figure out why my code sometimes is not working. My integrals involve two variables (k and kz). The integration ...
2
votes
0answers
144 views

how to calculate with just double floating point precision [duplicate]

I want to calculate with simple double floating point precision. ...
2
votes
0answers
1k views

Set Global Maximum Precision

I'm sure this has been asked before, but I've looked around and can't figure it out: How do I set a global maximum precision for a notebook (or in general, globally)? I have a large notebook in ...
1
vote
3answers
462 views

Making a calculation with high precision

I would like to make the following calculation: 1/Sqrt[1 - (150^2 10^(-4))/(9 10^16.)] - 1 Mathematica 8 returns 0. The result is obviously not 0, but my ...
1
vote
1answer
246 views

Why is arithmetic faster for inexact arithmetic?

I have been trying to compute eigenvalues of a rather sizable matrix A, about $500 \times 500$ (but sparse). I asked Mathematica to compute ...
1
vote
1answer
487 views

CompiledFunction::cfse: "Compiled expression X should be a machine-size integer

I am trying to use a compiled function in order to save time... LegrendeTransform = Compile[{y}, MaxValue[Sin[x] - x *y , x]] Now I want to to evaluate and ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

Decimal output from a simple equation

Let x= 0.0000000000000000036; y = 1 - x If i type this in Mathematica the answer of y is 1. I want the answer to be as it ...