Questions on the manipulation of List objects in Mathematica, and the functions used for these manipulations.

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113
votes
7answers
36k views

Elegant operations on matrix rows and columns

Question The Mathematica tutorial has a section 'Basic Matrix Operations', describing operations like transpose, inverse and determinant. These operations all work on entire matrices. I am missing a ...
77
votes
3answers
3k views

Flatten command: matrix as second argument

One thing I could never wrap my head around is how Flatten works when provided with a matrix as the second argument, and the Mathematica help isn't particularly ...
74
votes
3answers
3k views

What is a Mathematica packed array?

A simple sounding question with a few sub questions: What is the difference between unpacked vs packed array? Are packed arrays more space efficent, how much so? Are packed arrays more time ...
53
votes
6answers
4k views

Does Mathematica have advanced indexing?

I have two $M \times K$ arrays $L, T$ where I would like to set all the elements in $L$ to zero whenever the corresponding element of $T$ is greater than 15. The ...
51
votes
5answers
3k views

Partitioning with varying partition size

How can I partition a list into partitions whose sizes vary? The length of the $k$'th partition is a function $f(k)$. For example: if $l = \{1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6\}$ and $f(k) = k$. Then the partitioning ...
48
votes
9answers
2k views

Levels: how do they work?

I cannot understand how Mathematica manages levels, and so it's always a painful try-and-fail to use Flatten. Can someone please give me a very clear definition? ...
44
votes
6answers
3k views

How to efficiently find positions of duplicates?

Is there an efficient way to find the positions of the duplicates in a list? I would like the positions grouped according to duplicated elements. For instance, given ...
41
votes
3answers
972 views

Are there guidelines for avoiding the unpacking of a packed array?

Packed arrays are very useful because they save memory and generally allow speedier and more efficient calculation times. If a list of data currently stored as a packed array is unpacked, it can slow ...
39
votes
6answers
2k views

How to visualize/edit a big matrix as a table?

Is it possible to visualize/edit a big matrix as a table ? I often end up exporting/copying big tables to Excel for seeing them, but I would prefer to stay in Mathematica and have a similar view as in ...
39
votes
6answers
3k views

Find zero crossing in a list

I'm looking for a function that finds the index of the zero-crossing points of a list. Before I go making my own subroutine to do this, I was wondering if anyone knows of any built-in Mathematica ...
38
votes
3answers
1k views

Tiling a square

I wondered if there was a way to automate the process of finding a way to tile a tile into a square. The idea is to represent the tile with a matrix of $0$s for blank space and $1$s for filled spaces ...
35
votes
3answers
4k views

Data Table Manipulation in Mathematica

I am a statistician searching for an efficient way to select rows or columns from a table of data in Mathematica. Let me pose the question in 2 parts with a SQL-style table of data: ...
34
votes
12answers
2k views

Map a function across a list conditionally

It seems that this is a really basic question, and I feel that the answer should be obvious to me. However, I am not seeing. Can you please help me? Thanks. Suppose I have a list of data ...
34
votes
7answers
3k views

How to apply or map a list of functions to a list of data?

Say I have a group of functions: f1[a_] := a * -1; f2[a_] := a * 100; f3[a_] := a / 10.0; and some data in a list: ...
34
votes
6answers
18k views

How to find the position of elements in a list satisfying criteria

Say I have a list x={2,4,6,8,10} and I want to find out the positions of the elements that are greater than 7. ...
34
votes
5answers
8k views

Finding Local Minima / Maxima in Noisy Data

I'm trying to find local minima / maxima in noisy data, consisting of data values taken at certain time intervals. Ideally, the function should take a pair of lists (one containing time values and one ...
34
votes
5answers
10k views

What is the most efficient way to add rows and columns to a matrix?

Say I have a matrix m and a vector v. ...
33
votes
1answer
693 views

How can I make threading more flexible?

Threading automatically with Listable functions requires the argument expressions to have the same length (or for one of them to be atomic). For nested lists the ...
32
votes
5answers
1k views

How to understand the usage of Inner and Outer figuratively?

Description: In Mathematica the functions like Thread, Inner, Outer etc. are very important ...
32
votes
4answers
782 views

How to make MapAt work with Span?

Span (;;) is very useful, but doesn't work with a lot of functions. Given the following input ...
32
votes
4answers
2k views

Using pure functions in Table

I need a table with the elements made of pure functions and list elements. This is a simplified example: I need a list as: ...
31
votes
9answers
844 views

Sequentially numbering a nested list

I've got a nested list {a, b, {c, d}, e, {f, {g, h}}} which I want to magically transmogrify to ...
31
votes
7answers
2k views

How to select minimal subsets?

I am a newbie, so please point me in the right direction if you feel this question has been answered somewhere else before. Here goes: Suppose I have a list like this: ...
31
votes
2answers
1k views

Transpose uneven lists

Is there a quick method to transpose uneven lists without conditionals? With: Drop[Table[q, {10}], #] & /@ Range[10] Thus the first list would have the ...
31
votes
2answers
1k views

DeleteDuplicates not deleting duplicates

Bug introduced in 9.0 and fixed in 10.0.0 It is not surprising that DeleteDuplicates[{5,5.}] returns {5,5.} because ...
30
votes
8answers
2k views

Removing elements from a list which appear in another list

There are two lists {a, b, c, a, d, a, e} and {a, c, a}. I need to remove those elements from the first list which appears in a second list, to get {b, d, a, e}
30
votes
6answers
2k views

Mathematica Destructuring

Context I'm writing a function that look something like: ...
30
votes
4answers
2k views

Clustering of space-time data

Below is an example of a gaze sequence I recorded during a 3 seconds display. That is, where the eye was at every millisecond. While we should have 3000 points, we are missing some due to blinking. ...
29
votes
3answers
1k views

DeleteDuplicatesBy is not performing as I'd hoped. Am I missing something?

Déjà vu: a new-in-v10 function should provide a better solution to an old problem, but my enthusiasm is curbed when I run timings. This time the function is ...
29
votes
4answers
1k views

Filtering beat-to-beat heart rate data

From an experiment, I have a dataset of beat-to-beat heart rate data: a list of the time between each heart beat in [ms]. The data is measured using an infrared optic sensor at the finger tip. The ...
28
votes
4answers
3k views

Sort lists according to the order of another

I have three parallel lists (i.e. the elements in position i of each list are related). I want to sort the first list using the function Sort and make the same changes to the other lists so that I ...
27
votes
6answers
5k views

How to Delete Elements from List1 appearing in List2?

I'm new to functional programming of Mathematica and trying to remove one list of assorted elements from another. However I only find functions working with the Index rather than the values itself: ...
27
votes
4answers
1k views

How to implement the general array broadcasting method from NumPy?

A friend of mine introduced array broadcasting in the Python NumPy package which is very convenient (and also highly efficient). The idea is perfectly shown in ...
27
votes
6answers
2k views

Insert $+$, $-$, $\times$, $/$, $($, $)$ into $123456789$ to make it equal to $100$

Looks like a question for pupils, right? In fact if the available math symbol is limited to $+$, $-$, $\times$, $/$ then it's easy to solve: ...
27
votes
3answers
513 views

Cyclic Take function? [duplicate]

Is there some direct and simple "cyclic Take", sometimes also known as "overtake" in Mathematica. That is, if the take specification runs out of elements, it just cycles back to the beginning (as many ...
27
votes
1answer
11k views

How to remove redundant {} from a nested list of lists?

There are numerous examples here, whose end result is the removal of empty brackets {} and empty lists. I still can't find an example of simply removing redundant ...
27
votes
3answers
3k views

Extracting values from nested rules in JSON data

I have been using Mathematica to analyse some data from the StackExchange API. It is conveniently available in JSON form, which Mathematica interprets as replacement rules. However, some of the rules ...
27
votes
1answer
654 views

Undocumented form for Extract

Prompted by a comments conversation here, here's an interesting (and often performance enhancing) use of Extract: ...
26
votes
4answers
6k views

K-means clustering

In MATLAB, there is a command kmeans() that divides an array into $k$ clusters and calculates the centroid of each cluster. Is there any command in Mathematica to ...
26
votes
2answers
2k views

Why do Mathematica list indices start at 1? [closed]

In most programming languages, container indices start at 0. This is not random or hardware-related; for example Dijkstra's article explains why zero-based indices make sense. What are the reasons ...
26
votes
7answers
2k views

How to Derive Tuples Without Replacement

Given a couple of lists like a={1,2,3,4,6} and b={2,3,4,6,9} I can use the built-in Mathematica symbol ...
26
votes
5answers
2k views

Partition a set into subsets of size $k$

Given a set $\{a_1,a_2,\dots,a_{lk}\}$ and a positive integer $l$, how can I find all the partitions which includes subsets of size $l$ in Mathematica? For instance, given ...
25
votes
6answers
1k views

Map-Thread-Through-Apply a list of functions onto a list of (lists of) values

I have a list of functions: fns = {f, g, h} and a list of triples: ...
25
votes
7answers
760 views

Faster position list construction from a “take instructions” list

Take some list, e.g., {1,2,3,4,5}, and a "take instructions" list, say {1,1,2,1,1}. The latter is read as "take the first ...
25
votes
2answers
2k views

Populating and storing a very large array in Mathematica

I am using Mathematica 8 to generate a very large multidimensional array of floating-point numbers and then store it in a file. Typical array sizes are 10000 x 50 x 15 x 40, resulting in a 3-4 GB ...
25
votes
3answers
457 views

Bug in MovingMap (breaking change between version 10.1 and 10.0.2)?

The MovingMap window spec has been changed between version 10.1 and 10.0.2. Version 10.0.2 ...
24
votes
5answers
949 views

More efficient way of generating list of occurrence counts?

Given a list, e.g., target = {a, b, c, b, c, d, c, d, e, f, a, h, g}, I want to generate a list containing the occurrence count of the corresponding element of the ...
24
votes
4answers
1k views

“Unflattening” a list

Imagine we have a list with some hierarchical structure: list = {{{2,3},{2,4}},{{{3,4}}},{{5,6},{7,8}}}; Which we then flatten to some level in order to process ...
24
votes
1answer
860 views

Using Transpose with a list as the second argument

I'm having difficulty understanding the Transpose function. I know what the transpose of a matrix is, not a problem, and I see that applying the ...
24
votes
1answer
867 views

Convex optimization

I am playing with some Compressed Sensing (think single pixel camera) applications and would like to have a Mathematica equivalent of a Matlab package call Convex Optimization (CVX). Specifically, I ...