Questions on the manipulation of List objects in Mathematica, and the functions used for these manipulations.

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11
votes
10answers
554 views

How to pick increasing numbers from the list

How to pick increasing numbers from the list. lst = {5, 3, 6, 2, 7, 4, 8}; out: {5,6,7,8} So many interesting ...
11
votes
5answers
875 views

Building a continued fraction

I've completed a problem that involves approximating $e$ by a continued fraction: $$\frac{N_1}{D_1+\frac{N_2}{D_2+\frac{N_3}{\ddots+\frac{N_k}{D_k}}}}$$ with the $N_i$ being the list ...
11
votes
10answers
761 views

Finding neighbors from list

Say you are given the following list: list={{3, 2, 1}, {3, 4, 2}, {2, 4, 1}, {1, 4, 3}}; Two numbers $x,y$, not necessarily distinct, are neighbors if one of the ...
11
votes
3answers
495 views

Subtracting two plots from each other after shifting one

I have the following lists representing energy spectra that need to be subtracted from each other to produce a difference spectrum. ...
11
votes
7answers
228 views

DateList coupled with String Operations

Through some webscraping, I have the following list: ...
11
votes
4answers
400 views

What's fastest way of defining 10^5 down values?

I want to define isGood[___] = False; isGood[#] = True & /@ list where list is a list of several million integers. ...
11
votes
5answers
417 views

Most efficient way of making pair list from a list

I have a bunch of datasets which looks like: 3 7 1 6 5 8 2 4 1 2 8 1 5 2 5 ... and I need to make a list of pairs such that the first element makes a pair with ...
11
votes
3answers
248 views

Using 0 to create new columns in a list with Part

I just discovered a nice way to create intermediary columns in a list, and I would like to know if I can have some problem with it. It Works like this: Imagine I have this list, 5x3: ...
11
votes
3answers
307 views

What is the best way to flatten a linked list with lists as values?

By following the advice on this site I have ended up with a linked list like the following: acc = {{1, 2}, {{2, 3}, {{3, 4}, {{4, 5}, {{5, 6}, {}}}}}}; This was ...
11
votes
3answers
590 views

How to add lists with unequal length?

Given lists of unequal lengths, I want to add them together element-wise, treating missing elements as zero. For example, {1, 2, 3} + {a, b} + {x} should give ...
11
votes
5answers
305 views

Partition a list into sublists of different lengths

I have the list {a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i} and I want to make a sub-list of the form {{{a, b}, c}, {{d, e}, f}, {{g, h}, i}} ...
11
votes
3answers
751 views

Specifying string patterns in DeleteCases

It seems that DeleteCases is not compatible with string patterns, at least directly (see, for example, this question). Is this true? If so, why is this the case? ...
11
votes
6answers
397 views

For a given expression: if it appears, remove it, but if it is absent, add it

While reformatting Szabolcs's code from (42660) I noticed this interesting operation: ...
11
votes
3answers
275 views

Threading over a list of lists of lists and a list of atomic expressions

Although I solved the following problem using MapThread, I'm curious about why Thread does not work as I expect it to here. ...
11
votes
1answer
583 views

When to use @@@ vs. /@ [duplicate]

So much thanks to Szabolcs in improving sequence.. for complete explanation. I am so glad to read all explanation which fundamentally remove the problem. But in number 4 of its explanation pointed to ...
11
votes
3answers
193 views

Why can't I use Sequence to perform a Select like task? [duplicate]

Suppose I wanted to write down a list of $p^2$, for $p$ a prime between $1$ and $20$. I would expect Table[If[PrimeQ[k], k^2, Sequence[]], {k, 1, 20}] to work. ...
11
votes
3answers
670 views

Delete duplicates in a list, depending on the sequence of numbers

Below, list is a representative sample of my list, which contains lists of integers. I would like to be able to input: ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

How to use “Drop” function to drop matrix' rows and columns in an arbitrary way?

The built-in function "Drop" can delete a Matrix's row and column. Typical syntax for "Drop" is as follows: Drop[list,seq1,seq2...] But what if I want to drop a ...
11
votes
2answers
216 views

Simple way to concatenate Dataset columns

Consider these two datasets: d1 = Transpose@Dataset[<|"a" -> Range[5]|>]; d2 = Transpose@Dataset[<|"b" -> Range[5, 1, -1]|>]; {d1, d2} What's ...
11
votes
2answers
188 views

Faster trimming of leading/trailing zeroes in rectangular array

Given a (large) rectangular array, e.g. (small for example case): ...
11
votes
2answers
190 views

why MeanFilter is nearly 100 times slower than MovingAverage for 1D array?

I used to average over my data with MeanFilter before I learn about MovingAverage and thought that these two functions are similar except that MeanFilter is more powerful for its ability to deal with ...
11
votes
1answer
229 views

Map efficiently over duplicates in list

I am interested in mapping a function, f over a (long) list which contains duplicates. Since this function takes a while to evaluate I would like to make use of ...
11
votes
1answer
260 views

How to find longest monotonic sequence?

I have a list, for example list = {2, 1, 3, 5, 4, 6} How to find longest ascending sequence of this list? There are two meanings of this question: Find the ...
11
votes
2answers
697 views

Vlookup function as Excel in Mathematica

How can we create a Vlookup function, similar to what we have in Excel? So if we have a table a and another b, we could add ...
11
votes
2answers
187 views

Fastest way to sum the upper triangle

I feel like this is an recurring question: if there's a symmetric matrix whose diagonal is not all 0, how could I get the sum of the part of it that's above the diagonal as fast as possible? Small ...
11
votes
2answers
378 views

Solving the magic backyard puzzle with MMA

I was trying to solve this puzzle using mma It looks like the generalization of the magic square. Anyway here my attempt:- There are four columns $(x,y,z,w)$ and nine rowa which are denoted by the ...
11
votes
0answers
352 views

Learning Resources for Data Science in the Wolfram Language

I'm delivering an upcoming course on Data Science with the programming/analysis done predominantly in the Wolfram Language. I created the following table to leverage students' familiarity with Lists ...
11
votes
0answers
195 views

Strategies to find curves on messy data using FindCurvePath

I have a set of data points that correspond to roots of a transcendental equation with respect to a parameter (the abscissa) which, by the properties of the system, define continuous curves (might be ...
10
votes
9answers
596 views

How to find range in which a number falls, from given list of numbers?

How can one find the range in which a number falls, from given list of numbers? ...
10
votes
8answers
2k views

Map and Apply a function on a nested list

I have a list like this: {{1,2}, {4,2}, {6,4} ... } I want to replace every second number with a function of that number. For e.g. ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Most Efficient Way to Calculate the Product of All Items in a List?

Say that I have a list of returns on a financial asset over time and want to know the total compounded return. To get the answer, I need to add 1 to each return and then calculate the product of all ...
10
votes
4answers
295 views

Searching linked lists that contain lists?

Following the advice I've read here and other sites, I've been trying to use the Mathematica equivalent of a linked lists... ...
10
votes
5answers
579 views

How do you efficiently return all of a List but one element?

I have a problem that I am working on that requires that I compare several lists of overlapping data points. As I traverse one of the lists, I'd like to only compare those data to the other lists, and ...
10
votes
4answers
677 views

How to rebuild original data from a histogram?

I have data in the following form. I have a list of values and a list of frequencies that indicate how often each value has occurred. Example list of values: ...
10
votes
5answers
541 views

How to find first list element that differs from average of N previous elements by more than a given amount?

Given a list of real numbers, I need to write a function that returns the value of the first element in the list that differs from the mean of the previous $N$ elements by greater than $P$ standard ...
10
votes
5answers
664 views

How to subtract one list from another, treating each elements as distinct, assuming the smaller list is a subset of the larger list? [duplicate]

Suppose that I have two lists of different sizes, the smaller of which is a subset of the larger, e.g. a = {"A", "A", "A", "B", "B", "C"} b = {"A", "B"} How can ...
10
votes
3answers
765 views

Count consecutive positions with the same value

I want to program a function that counts the successive positions with the same value: In[]= ConsecutiveValues[{1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1, 0}] Out[]= {4, 2, 1, 1} In ...
10
votes
5answers
418 views

Finding time-series direction reversal of certain magnitude

I'd like to find the points of a time-series that are a certain distance away (in value, not in time) from the previous maximum, which I consider a reversal. For example, for ...
10
votes
4answers
776 views

Using Position (which requires a pattern) in the same manner as Select (which requires a criterion)

I am using Mathematica7. I have a list of lists (creatively named list in the following sample code) containing data. I would like to find the positions of the ...
10
votes
8answers
398 views

Fast way to get positions of “boxed” array elements?

Given a 2D array (arbitrary numeric / evaluates to numeric elements, simplified for examples, and can be arbitrary dimensions so long as the operation makes sense, I'm working with 2K X 2K in my ...
10
votes
6answers
349 views

Using MapIndexed only at certain elements of a list

MapIndexed is a very handy built-in function. Suppose that I have the following list, called list: ...
10
votes
3answers
362 views

Modifying strings in a list efficiently

I have a list of strings $\{s_1,s_2,\ldots,s_n\}$. I would like to to produce the following list of strings: $$ \{s_1<>1,\ 1<>s_2<>1,\ldots,\ 1<>s_n\} $$ In other words, I want ...
10
votes
5answers
419 views

How to randomly select subsets

I have a list of around 300 elements. I want to sample subsets of length 25 such that my samples are all distinct. My first inclination was to use something like ...
10
votes
4answers
338 views

Complement of multisets

Given lists $a$ and $b$, which represent multisets, how can I compute the complement $a\setminus b$? I'd like to construct a function xunion that returns the ...
10
votes
3answers
365 views

Looking for an elegant way to construct this tensor-product-ish list

I would like to make the following matrix: ...
10
votes
4answers
394 views

Graphically approximating the area under a curve as a sum of rectangular regions

I am completely new to Mathematica. Basically I was trying to write a code to plot a function and draw the approximate area by rectangles. To be more precise, plot a function ...
10
votes
4answers
3k views

Removing empty sets from lists

If I had a list, say, names= {"Andy", "Bob", "Carly", "Sandy", "Jeff", "Tim", "Tom", "Zach"} and I decide to pick a characteristic only a certain of them have, ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

Generating an Ulam spiral

An Ulam Spiral is quite an interesting construction, revealing unexpected features in the distribution of primes. Here is a related topic with one answer by Pinguin Dirk, who has provided one ...
10
votes
2answers
318 views

Using Gather to rearrange my data

I have a list of elements: {{1, 2}, {1, 5}, {2, 6}, {3, 7}, {4, 8}, {5, 6}, {5, 9}, {9, 13}, {10,11}, {11, 12}, {11, 15}, {15, 16}} I have to divide it into ...
10
votes
8answers
544 views

Forming an upper triangular matrix from the elements of a list

I asked this question before, but i was closed because it the question was not comprehensible enough. So i reworded it, hope that's ok. I have a list with 6 elements. ...