Questions on the manipulation of List objects in Mathematica, and the functions used for these manipulations.

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19
votes
3answers
877 views

How to extract the edge from a set of points

I have an accumulation of points representing a body as you can see in the image below. From this data I want to generate a list of points or a curve, which is the envelope. The first idea was a ...
19
votes
7answers
1k views

Elegant and fast way to join all string sequences

I want to do what title says: {"a","b",1,2,3,4,"a",2,2,2,"edg","?"} => {"ab",1,2,3,4,"a",2,2,2,"edg?"} in the most elegant way. For example one replacement rule for ...
19
votes
4answers
722 views

Accessing list elements by name

First, a bit of a long introduction to my problem: I only have a few weeks of Mathematica experience. I am creating a mathematica application that calculates some material properties of steel based ...
19
votes
6answers
1k views

Insert $+$, $-$, $\times$, $/$, $($, $)$ into $123456789$ to make it equal to $100$

Looks like a question for pupils, right? In fact if the available math symbol is limited to $+$, $-$, $\times$, $/$ then it's easy to solve: ...
19
votes
5answers
506 views

How to split list into disjoint lists?

I wonder if there is any simple way to split a list into its disjoint sublists, e.g. from list={{a,b},{e,f},{b,c},{c,d},{f,g,h}} get a result ...
19
votes
3answers
1k views

Using pure functions in Table

I need a table with the elements made of pure functions and list elements. This is a simplified example: I need a list as: ...
19
votes
5answers
851 views

Instruct a Table to only evaluate until a condition is fulfilled

I am looking for the way of building a Table of pairs of numbers in a fast way. My true table evaluates huge functions, and I see no way and reason to show those cumbersome expressions here. Let us ...
19
votes
1answer
580 views

Using Transpose with a list as the second argument

I'm having difficulty understanding the Transpose function. I know what the transpose of a matrix is, not a problem, and I see that applying the ...
19
votes
3answers
444 views

Is there a faster way to create a matrix of indices from ragged data?

I have data that is given as a list of ordered pairs mixed with scalars. The pairs can contain infinite bounds. My goal is to convert the data into an index used in future computations. ...
18
votes
9answers
1k views

How to replace an element in a list based on the value of the next element?

I use Mathematica a little bit. I try to understand it, but it is hard I have a list of 5 numbers selected randomly from 0 and -1. I have to replace a 0 with a 1 when the 0 is followed by -1. My ...
18
votes
5answers
684 views

Map-Thread-Through-Apply a list of functions onto a list of (lists of) values

I have a list of functions: fns = {f, g, h} and a list of triples: ...
18
votes
11answers
1k views

Generating an ordered list of pairs of elements from ordered lists

I have a pair of ordered lists. I want to generate a new ordered list (using the same ordering) of length n by applying a binary operator to pairs of elements, one from each list, along with the index ...
18
votes
1answer
5k views

How to remove redundant {} from a nested list of lists?

There are numerous examples here, whose end result is the removal of empty brackets {} and empty lists. I still can't find an example of simply removing redundant ...
18
votes
1answer
384 views

Underlying Algorithms for List Manipulation Functions

Does anyone know, or know of a link for the underlying algorithms used for list manipulation functions? Specifically: Union with and without the ...
18
votes
1answer
782 views

How can the {x,y,z} points that fall on the outer boundary of a set of values be selected and smoothly surfaced?

For a given set of x,y,z values, that may, or may not form a uniform shape, how can the center of the data cloud be found, and the surface points be located and a solid smooth surface created from ...
17
votes
12answers
2k views

Pick elements of largest absolute value

For example, given list = {{1, -3, -5}, {2, 1, 6}, {0, 2, 4}, {-9, 2, 6}} should return: {-5, 6, 4, -9} Updated I found ...
17
votes
9answers
1k views

How do you check if there are any equal arguments(even sublist) in a list?

I would like to set up a function which has to return True if at least two arguments of a given List are equal. So if I give {1,4,6,2} to the function it has to ...
17
votes
7answers
1k views

Find continuous sequences inside a list

I have a list which is something like this: {3,4,5,6,7,10,11,12,15,16,17,19,20,21,22,23,24,42,43,44,45,46} What I'd like to to is get the intervals which are in ...
17
votes
7answers
1k views

How do I check if any element in a list is positive?

As a simple example of what I would like to do, suppose I have a list a of all real numbers. I would like to perform a simple check to see if some element of ...
17
votes
5answers
1k views

From a list to a list of rules

Starting from these two lists, var = {a, b, c} values = {{1, 2, 3}, {4, 5, 6}, {7, 8 , 9}} how can I generate a list of rules? ...
17
votes
6answers
2k views

Best way to extract values from a list of rules?

Mathematica has a lot of list manipulation functions, and, also because I don't work with lists often, at times I'm a bit lost. I'll find a way, but I'm sure it's not the most efficient. Case in ...
17
votes
6answers
595 views

How do I replace a missing value in a column with the value immediately above throughout a table?

I have a large table (7000 rows × 17 columns) of terse textual data. In many of the columns, empty entries have been replaced with "." as a marker. Working from the top of the columns downward, I want ...
17
votes
4answers
461 views

Splitting a list

Please consider the following list: data={1, 0, 0, 0, 2, 5, 2, 3, 0, 0, 3}; Now I would like to split the list into 0-sequences and Not-0-sequences as following: ...
17
votes
4answers
310 views

Setting parts of a list

Suppose I have list a = Range[10] {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10} in which I want to set some elements to be a list ...
17
votes
3answers
827 views

Optimising 2D binning code

I have a set of (x,y,z) data, 45,000 to be precise and I want to bin the z values in 256 equidistant bins based on their (x,y) values. The final array should be a set of 256x256 array with each slot ...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

Sorting a list with secondary criterion

Is there an easy way to sort a list on multiple levels of criteria? By this I mean, first the list should be sorted according by criteria A (the same as using the usual sort function, ...
17
votes
6answers
817 views

On generalizing Partition[] (with offsets) to sublists of unequal length

The usual Partition[] function is a very handy little thing: ...
16
votes
4answers
360 views

Make MapIndexed listable

My goal is to apply MapIndexed to every element of a nested list without destroying the arithmetic operations within the elements. For example, let's start with ...
16
votes
3answers
824 views

Efficient way to combine SparseArray objects?

I have several SparseArray objects, say sa11, sa12, sa21, sa22, which I would like to combine into the equivalent of {{sa11, sa12}, {sa21, sa22}}. As an example, I ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there an equivalent to MATLAB's linspace? [duplicate]

Does Mathematica have an equivalent to Matlab's linspace? I want to make a list with "start", "stop" and "number of points". What is the neatest way of doing this?
16
votes
1answer
346 views

Are there advantages to using additional arguments of common functions rather than alternative ways of calculating with lists?

(Apologies for the long question title.) One of the interesting, if sometimes confusing, things about Mathematica is that there is always more than one way to do things. Even intermediate users can ...
15
votes
7answers
7k views

Mathematica: finding min/max in list

I have a list of coordinates like this one: {{x1,y1},{x2,y2},{x3,y3},...,{xn,yn}} I need to get the minimum and the maximum of all x-values and the minimum and ...
15
votes
8answers
1k views

Selecting a sublist based on Length

If you have a simple list of lists as follows: test = {{1, 2}, {4, 5, 6, 7}, {5, 4, 3}} How do you ask Mathematica to return the sublist of greatest length? ...
15
votes
5answers
2k views

Finding all elements within a certain range in a sorted list

Suppose we have a sorted list of values. Let's use list = Sort@RandomReal[1, 1000000]; for this example. I need a fast function ...
15
votes
8answers
599 views

UnFlatten an array into a ragged matrix

Trying to unflatten an array that was part of ragged array of sub matrices. As input we have flattened array: ...
15
votes
4answers
1k views

Moving maximum function?

How can I construct a moving maximum function? For example, if I have a list of 12 values: { 5, 6, 9, 3, 2, 6, 7, 8, 1, 1, 4, 7 } and I want to maximize over 3 ...
15
votes
6answers
456 views

How can I remove B -> A from a list if A -> B is in the list?

I have a list of transformations like this: list = {"A" -> "B", "B" -> "A", "C" -> "D"} As this is used to plot an undirected graph with ...
15
votes
6answers
2k views

Max of a table/list with indeterminate values

Suppose I have a Table: tab = {1., 2., 3., Indeterminate} When I type Max[tab] I get ...
15
votes
5answers
923 views

Picking random items out of a list only once

I'm trying to create a function that randomly returns a value from a list but remembers the values that have been given before. At the end when the list is empty it should return an empty list. ...
15
votes
6answers
471 views

Splitting a list by specifying section headers

I have a list of strings called mylist: mylist = {"[a]", "a", "a", "[b]", "b", "b", "[ c ]", "c", "c"}; I would like to split ...
15
votes
6answers
662 views

Matrix Rotation

If I have a matrix of any size, say $\begin{pmatrix} 72 & 32 & 64 \\ 18 & 8 & 16 \\ 63 & 28 & 56 \\ \end{pmatrix}$ $\begin{pmatrix} 72 & 32 \\ 18 & 8 \\ 63 ...
15
votes
4answers
506 views

Exclude data from a list

Let's create some random sample data data = Table[{RandomReal[{-10, 10}], RandomReal[{-10, 10}]}, {i, 1, 300}]; Then we plot them using ...
15
votes
3answers
3k views

Data interpolation and ListContourPlot

I am fairly new to Mathematica and I have two quick questions on using it for a Hydrology and Hydrogeology class. One is about data interpolation and interpolating without any data defined in an area. ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the right way to rotate an array?

Suppose I have an array, not necessarily square: a = $\left( \begin{array}{ccc} 1 & 2 & 3 \\ 4 & 5 & 6 \\ 7 & 8 & 9 \end{array} \right)$ I want to rotate it like one ...
15
votes
7answers
575 views

Enumerating tuples from a larger space such that all pairs of values are present at least once

I am trying to write a function that will accept a list of N lists and returns a list of N-tuples that represent all pairs of values from the original N lists at least once. To illustrate with an ...
15
votes
3answers
597 views

How to partition a list to make each subset's size equal and mean as close as possible

Suppose we have 3 lists each with 18 numbers like this: ...
14
votes
10answers
1k views

Pretty way to group elements at odd and even positions

How to make a function that splits list elements by odd and even positions? Shortest implementation wins. I myself came up with: ...
14
votes
9answers
491 views

Distributing elements across a list of lists

I have two lists: u = {{1, 3}, {2, 6}, {3, 9}} v = {0, 4} and I want to obtain this list from them: ...
14
votes
6answers
710 views

How to find the distance of two lists?

I have two lists as the followings: ab = {1, -1, -1, -1, 1, 1}; ac = {1, -1, -1, 1, 1, 1}; How I can find the difference (more precisely, the edit distance) ...
14
votes
6answers
2k views

Counting negative values in list

I would like to count the negative values of a list. My approach was Count[data, -_] which doesn't work. How can I tell Mathematica to count all numbers with ...