Questions on the linear algebra functionality of Mathematica.

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4
votes
2answers
318 views

Simplifying the trace of a matrix expression

I have a long expression involving matrices that I derived using the NCAlgebra package. Can I simplify the trace of the expression? For example, say b is a scalar ...
4
votes
3answers
129 views

A Product function for matrix products

I would like to use an equivalent of the product-function in mathematica, but where instead of multiplying numbers I multiply matrices?
4
votes
1answer
171 views

Eigenvalues of matrix not giving imaginary parts

This might be a very simple problem, but I can't seem to figure out why I am getting this. I am trying to find the eigenvalues of the matrix: ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

Finding maximal subset of linearly independent functions

I've got a set of functions in one variable. I wish to find the basis of the corresponding spanning set Example: $$\left\{1,\frac{1}{1-\sqrt{x}},\frac{1}{1-x},\frac{\sqrt{x}}{1-x}\right\}$$ may ...
4
votes
1answer
231 views

How to draw a tropical surface?

By definition, a tropical surface in $\mathbb R^3$ is the set of points $(x,y,z)$ where the maximum $f=\max(f_1,f_2,\dots,f_n)$ is attained at least twice, here $f_i$ stand for some linear functions ...
4
votes
2answers
79 views

Pauli matrices — simplify expressions without printing out the raw matrix

Squaring a Pauli matrix results in the identity matrix. These bits of documentation (weakly, to a Mathematica-newbie like me) imply that some algebraic identities that link the Pauli matrices ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Efficient ways to create matrices and solve matrix equations

I am attempting, for the first time, to use Mathematica to do some serious linear algebra. I would like to solve systems of equations of the form $$U_{n n'} f_{n'} = b_n.$$ I have an expression for ...
4
votes
1answer
312 views

How to fix errors in Gram-Schmidt process when using random vectors?

I first make a function to get a random vector on unit sphere in a swath around the equator. That is what the parameter $\gamma$ controls; if $\gamma = 1/2$, the vectors can be chosen anywhere on the ...
4
votes
2answers
63 views

Using LeviCivitaTensor

I have 2 questions about using LeviCivitaTensor, based on the following session: The signs for the cross product seems to come out "opposite" of what I expected. Why is that? Did I miss anything? ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Defining a non-commutative operator algebra in Mathematica

I am trying to develop a function(s) to do some commutator algebra to compute the enveloping algebra and ideals of a Lie algebra. For example if I have $SU(2)$ algebra generated by $L_i$ ($i=1,2,3$), ...
4
votes
1answer
649 views

Efficient method for inverting a block tridiagonal matrix

Is there a better method to invert a large block tridiagonal Hermitian block matrix, other than treating it as a ordinary matrix? For example: ...
4
votes
2answers
599 views

ordering of functional eigenvalues

Is there any order to the symbolic eigenvalues of a matrix returned by the command Eigenvalues[...]? While numerical eigenvalues are listed in descending order ...
4
votes
1answer
646 views

Computing Slater determinants

I need to compute Slater determinants. I'm wondering if I would benefit from assigning each of my functions to a variable prior to computation. I'm working with Slater determinants, but my question ...
4
votes
1answer
140 views

Proving positive definiteness or semi-definiteness of a matrix

I have the following 4x4 real symmetric matrix: $K=\begin{bmatrix}3-3w & -\frac{4}{3}+a+2w & \frac{5}{12}+b-\frac{w}{2} & 0\\ -\frac{4}{3}+a+2w & -1-6a-3x & ...
4
votes
1answer
306 views

Sporadic bug in Mathematica 7.01.0 MatrixPower and/or Eigensystem functions on floating-point symmetric matrices with repeated eigenvalues

Note: From the comments submitted below by other StackExchange users it appears that this apparent bug was fixed sometime after version 7.0.1. I asked a vague variant of this question a few days ago, ...
4
votes
0answers
195 views

Discriminant of Characteristic Polynomial

I'm doing a calculation which finds the characteristic polynomial of a matrix with rather complex entries and then determines the discriminant of that polynomial. For smaller matrices up to around 7x7 ...
3
votes
2answers
602 views
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Orthonormalization of non-hermitian matrix eigenvectors

When using Orthogonalize[] one can specify which definition of "inner product" is to be used. For example, ...
3
votes
3answers
334 views

Correct way to populate a DiagonalMatrix?

I would like to create a series of correlation matrices that starts with : sensMat[[1]] = DiagonalMatrix[ { 1,1,1,1,1 } ]) // MatrixForm and iterates in 0.1 ...
3
votes
6answers
131 views

What is the range of values $x$ for which $f(x)$ is higher than $k$ over a given domain?

What is the easiest way to answer the following question in Mathematica: Given a function $f(x)=y$, what is the range of values $x$ for which $y$ is higher than some number $k$ over the domain of $x$ ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Linear equation with complex numbers

I have to solve an equation of the type $$a z+b \overline{z}=c$$ with $a,b,c\in\mathbb{C}$. My approach is to set $F(z)=a z+b \overline{z}-c$ transform $z$ to $x+i y$ and then get a real linear ...
3
votes
4answers
171 views

Pack Solve results into a vector

I am currently using a really easy function to get the eigenvectors of a corresponding eigenspace: ...
3
votes
3answers
303 views

Proving a recurrence in Mathematica

I have $$j_n=\int_0^1 x^{2n} \sin(\pi x)dx.$$ How do I show that $$j_{n+1}= \frac{1}{\pi^2}(\pi- (2n+1)(2n+2)j_n)\, ?$$ I keep getting a recurring integration by parts and I can't simplify it. ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

Exploiting self-adjointness when changing basis

I am using Mathematica to analyze a real, self-adjoint matrix $H$ of the size $32 \times 32$, which comes from a physics problem. In the picture there is also a matrix $Q$ which commutes with $H$. I ...
3
votes
1answer
499 views

How to get the determinant and inverse of a large sparse symmetric matrix?

For example, the following is a $12\times 12$ symmetric matrix. Det and Inverse take too much time and don't even work on my ...
3
votes
2answers
637 views

Solving a linear equation in Mathematica

This should be easy but I can't seem to find the right way to do it. I have an equation of the form $a x + b x + c y + a z + d z = 0$, and I'd like to solve for relations between the parameters ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Why does LinearSolve return the transpose of the answer matrix?

I am trying to solve an equation of the form $dv=F\cdot dV$ where $dv$ and $dV$ are matrices derived from the row vectors $dx$, $dy$, $dz$ and $dX$, $dY$, $dZ$ respectively. If it helps, $F$ is the ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Generating a vector of dummy variables

So I'm the situation of needing analytical solutions to a family of equations of the form Ax=b, where A is an nxn matrix. I've written a function that does what I want, but I'm currently using a bit ...
3
votes
2answers
250 views

Intersection of two vector spaces

Is there a simple way without having to manually compute the matrices and do LinearSolve to do the following? Assume I'm given two lists $l_1$, $l_2$ of vectors of the same dimension. I want a list of ...
3
votes
1answer
260 views

Principal Components - how to obtain linear transformations?

I have a list "xlsf" with 6 columns and 1200 rows for PCA analysis. The PrincipalComponents[xlsf] gives the following: "The principal components of matrix are ...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

Control over the way matrix is displayed

I am wondering how to change the output format in Mathematica. For example, I have $x=\binom{3}{1}$ and $y=\binom{2}{5}$, and I want to find what linear combination of $x$ and $y$ produces ...
3
votes
2answers
732 views

Subspaces in Mathematica

I'm working on a research project and I need to learn how to use Mathematica to calculate subspaces. Specifically I plan to solve the following operations and I would greatly appreciate if you could ...
3
votes
1answer
268 views
3
votes
2answers
644 views

How to solve a “tensor equation”?

I am trying to solve equations which looks like this: $$ T_{ab} - T_{bc} = a_1 T_{ab} + a_2 T_{ac} + a_3 T_{bc}, $$ where $T_{xy}$ are tensors. I want to get the $a_i$'s (in this simple example ...
3
votes
1answer
351 views

How can I get Mathematica to recognize equality of symbolic matrix expressions?

I have two matrix expressions: X.Transpose[T].Transpose[X] and X.T.Transpose[X] I want Mathematica to recognize that ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to substitute numeric values in a symbolic Jacobian matrix?

I have a multi-variate function from $\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^n$. Choosing any desired initial vector, we can produce the corresponding function value, which is a vector as follows. The main problem ...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

Find the NullSpace of a matrix whose determinant is “almost” zero

If $A$ is a matrix such that $\det(A)=0$, it is easy to get a basis of the kernel of $A$ with NullSpace[A]. Now let's consider a matrix $B$, function of a ...
3
votes
2answers
290 views

Deleting a row or column of an adjacency matrix while maintaining the associated label

I am currently working with a weighted adjacency matrix for a directed graph, and it contains several 0 columns and rows. With the unaltered matrix, I am able to monitor the relations between vertices ...
3
votes
1answer
731 views

Linear Solve with Modular Arithmetic

I am interested in using LinearSolve[m,b] which will find a solution to the equation $m.x=b$, where I am in mod 2 arithmetic. Is there any way to perform this ...
3
votes
2answers
121 views

Eigenvectors of large symbolic matrix

I have large symbolic matrix of order 32 x 32 given as ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Graphs Plotting Discontinuous

I'm trying to plot a graph from the eigenvalues of a matrix I created. The graph shows with discontinuities in it and I was looking for some feedback. Here's the code: ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Matrix multiplication in Block Form symbolic calculation by Mathematica

I have a problem which requires taking product of two $10\times10$ matrices. I would like to do it by considering both matrices as $5\times5$ matrices such that each entry of both matrices is actually ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Obtaining the square-root of a general positive definite matrix

I have a matrix which I know to be positive definite. The entries of the matrix might be complicated but they are all real. To find an expression for the square root of this matrix (i.e., ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Solve an eigensystem faster and eliminate Root[…] from the solution

I have a symbolic, 2-parameter, 8x8 matrix to solve, but Mathematica takes something like 20 minutes to solve it and returns a very large output containing expressions of the form ...
3
votes
1answer
128 views

$\mathbf L\mathbf D\mathbf L^\top$ Cholesky decomposition

Mathematica can do a Cholesky decomposition $\mathbf A = \mathbf L\mathbf L^\top$, but how do I do a LDL decomposition $\mathbf A = \mathbf L\mathbf D\mathbf L^\top$, with $\mathbf L$ being a unit ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

How to pick out terms in a linear equation with a positive coefficient?

Basically I have a really large output which looks like a long linear equation $AAA-BAA-CAA+DAA+...-ZZZ$ And I only am concerned about those terms that have a positive coefficient (i.e. a plus in ...
3
votes
1answer
531 views

Specific Mathematica algorithms, for example LU Decomposition

Where I can find detailed information on algorithms used by Mathematica, especially for numerical methods. The Manual doesn't seem to iclude specifics in most cases. For example I get a different LU ...
3
votes
3answers
495 views

Can RowReduce work in this matrix?

The matrix $Q$ with dimensions $n\times2*n*m$ is structured by $$Q=[B|AB|\cdots|A^{2*n-1}B]$$ where $Q$ is an augmented matrix built from a $3\times3$ matrix, $A$, and a $3\times2$ matrix, $B$. I ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

Solving simultaneous systems of linear equations

I have several systems of linear equations in matrix form, and I would like to find the $\vec{x}$ that simultaneously solves them: $$A_1\vec{x} = b_1$$ $$\vdots$$ $$A_n\vec{x} = b_n$$ Is there a ...
3
votes
1answer
267 views

Evaluating a function on permutations of its arguments

Say I have a function "temp" of $n+1$ variables, $y,z1,z2,z3,...,zn$. I want to test if my function has certain symmetries like swapping $y$ with square of any $z$, swapping any two of the zs, ...